ⓘ Cultural lists ..

Three Kingdoms of Korea

The Three Kingdoms of Korea refers to the three kingdoms of Baekje, Silla and Goguryeo. Goguryeo was later known as Goryeo, from which the modern name Korea is derived. The Three Kingdoms period is defined as being from 57 BC to 668 AD. The three kingdoms occupied the entire Korean Peninsula and roughly half of Manchuria, located in present-day China and Russia. The kingdoms of Baekje and Silla dominated the southern half of the Korean Peninsula and Tamna Jeju Island, whereas Goguryeo controlled the Liaodong Peninsula, Manchuria and the northern half of the Korean Peninsula. Baekje and Gog ...

Three Treasures (Taoism)

The Three Treasures or Three Jewels are basic virtues in Taoism. Although the Tao Te Ching originally used sanbao to mean "compassion", "frugality", and "humility", the term was later used to translate the Three Jewels in Chinese Buddhism, and to mean the Three Treasures in Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Three Treasures (traditional Chinese medicine)

The Three Treasures or Three Jewels are theoretical cornerstones in traditional Chinese medicine and practices such as Neidan, Qigong, and Tai chi. They are also known as Jing Qi Shen. Despeux summarizes. Jing, qi, and shen are three of the main notions shared by Taoism and Chinese culture alike. They are often referred to as the Three Treasures sanbao 三寶, an expression that immediately reveals their importance and the close connection among them. The ideas and practices associated with each term, and with the three terms as a whole, are complex and vary considerably in different context ...

Three Turnings of the Wheel of Dharma

The Three Turnings of the Wheel refers to a framework for understanding the sutra stream of the teachings of the Buddhism originally devised by the Yogachara school. It later became prevalent in modified form in Tibetan Buddhism and related traditions. The distinction is, on the one hand, a historic or quasi-historic scheme by which the Buddhas first sermons, as recorded in the Pali Canon and the tripitakas of other early schools, constitute the First Turning, and the later Mahayana sutras comprise the Second and Third turnings. The schema appears in the Samdhinirmochana Sutra, a central Y ...

The Four Companions

The Four Companions, also called the Four Pillars of the Sahaba is a Shiʿah term for the four Sahaba who stayed most loyal to Imam Ali after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad: Salman al-Fārsī al-Miqdad ibn Aswād al-Kindi Abū Dharr al-Ghifāri Ammār ibn Yāsir Those among Muhammads companions who were closest to both Muhammad and Ali were called Shiʿah of Ali "partisans of Ali" during Muhammads lifetime, and it was for these primarily that the following hadith was said: Glad tidings, Ali! Verily you and your Shiʿah will be in Paradise. These companions are later referred to as "The Re ...

Four Dharma Seals

Four Dharma Seals are the four characteristics which reflect some Buddhist teaching. It is said that if a teaching contains the Four Dharma Seals then it can be considered Buddha Dharma. although the Dharma Seals were all introduced after Gautama Buddha died.