ⓘ Growth disorders ..


Achondroplasia is a genetic disorder that results in dwarfism. In those with the condition, the arms and legs are short, while the torso is typically of normal length. Those affected have an average adult height of 131 centimetres for males and 123 centimetres for females. Other features include an enlarged head and prominent forehead. Complications can include sleep apnea or recurrent ear infections. The disorder does not generally affect intelligence. Achondroplasia is caused by a mutation in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 FGFR3 gene that results in its protein being overactive. ...

Achondroplasia in children

Achondroplasia in children is the most common form of dwarfism; it accounts for about 70% of all cases of dwarfism. Achondroplasia falls into the category of" disproportionate dwarfism”. It is linked to a mutation in the fibroblast growth factor receptor-3. More than 250.000 people in the world are diagnosed with achondroplasia. Achondroplasia diagnosis occurs somewhere between one in every 10.000 and one in every 30.000 live births. Some symptoms of achondroplasia are short stature, a long and narrow trunk, shortening of the proximal segments of limbs, large head, mid-face hypoplasia, and ...


Acromegaly is a disorder that results from excess growth hormone after the growth plates have closed. The initial symptom is typically enlargement of the hands and feet. There may also be enlargement of the forehead, jaw, and nose. Other symptoms may include joint pain, thicker skin, deepening of the voice, headaches, and problems with vision. Complications of the disease may include type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, and high blood pressure. Acromegaly is usually caused by the pituitary gland producing excess growth hormone. In more than 95% of cases the excess production is due to a benign tu ...

Adiposogenital dystrophy

Adiposogenital dystrophy is a condition which may be caused by tertiary hypogonadism originating from decreased levels in GnRH. Low levels of GnRH has been associated with defects of the feeding centers of the hypothalamus, leading to an increased consumption of food and thus caloric intake.


Dwarfism, also known as short stature, occurs when an organism is extremely small. In humans, it is sometimes defined as an adult height of less than 147 centimetres, regardless of sex, although some individuals with dwarfism are slightly taller. Disproportionate dwarfism is characterized by either short limbs or a short torso. In cases of proportionate dwarfism, both the limbs and torso are unusually small. Intelligence is usually normal, and most have a nearly normal life expectancy. The most common and recognisable form of dwarfism in humans is the genetic disorder achondroplasia, compr ...


Gigantism, also known as giantism, is a condition characterized by excessive growth and height significantly above average. In humans, this condition is caused by over-production of growth hormone in childhood resulting in people 7 to 9 ft in height. It is a rare disorder resulting from increased levels of growth hormone before the fusion of the growth plate which usually occurs at some point soon after puberty. This increase is most often due to abnormal tumor growths on the pituitary gland. Gigantism should not be confused with acromegaly, the adult form of the disorder, characterized by ...


ⓘ Growth disorders

  • Growth hormone therapy refers to the use of growth hormone GH as a prescription medication - it is one form of hormone therapy. Growth hormone is a peptide
  • the growth disorder proves deleterious, making it the opposite of heterosis or hybrid vigour. Hybrid growth disorders may be referred to as a growth dysplasia
  • December 2017. Growth Hormone Deficiency NORD National Organization for Rare Disorders 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2017. isolated growth hormone deficiency
  • Those with genetic disorders can sometimes be treated with surgery or physical therapy. Hormone disorders can also be treated with growth hormone therapy
  • INN is used as a prescription drug to treat children s growth disorders and adult growth hormone deficiency. In the United States, it is only available
  • Disorders 138 1 2 149 152. doi: 10.1016 j.jad.2011.11.046. ISSN 0165 - 0327. PMC 4479259. PMID 22305430. Levi - Montalcini R 2004 The nerve growth
  • food it may be more prone to metabolic disorders such as obesity and type II diabetes. In sheep, intrauterine growth restriction can be caused by heat stress
  • MUscle - LIver - BRain - EYe nanism is a rare autosomal recessive congenital disorder It causes severe growth failure along with abnormalities of the heart, muscle, liver
  • relationship between posttraumatic growth and symptoms of posttraumatic distress disorder PDF Journal of Anxiety Disorders 28 2 223 9. doi: 10.1016 j
  • intake disorder ARFID where people have a lack of interest in food and a group of other specified feeding or eating disorders Anxiety disorders depression
  • A growth chart is used by pediatricians and other health care providers to follow a child s growth over time. Growth charts have been constructed by observing