ⓘ Palaestra. A palaestra palestra ; Greek: παλαίστρα was the site of ancient Greek wrestling schools. Events that did not require a lot of space, such as boxing a ..

                                     

ⓘ Palaestra

A palaestra palestra ; Greek: παλαίστρα) was the site of ancient Greek wrestling schools. Events that did not require a lot of space, such as boxing and wrestling, were practised there. The palaestra functioned both independently and as a part of public gymnasia; a palaestra could exist without a gymnasium, but no gymnasium could exist without a palaestra.

                                     

1. Etymology

Compare Ancient Greek palaiein - "to wrestle" and palē - "wrestling"

Palaestrophylax or palaistrophylax Greek: παλαιστροφύλαξ, meaning" palaestra guard”, was the guardian or the director of a Palaestra.

                                     

2. Architecture

The architecture of the palaestra, although allowing for some variation, followed a distinct, standard plan. The palaestra essentially consisted of a rectangular court surrounded by colonnades with adjoining rooms. These rooms might house a variety of functions: bathing, ball playing, undressing and storage of clothes, seating for socializing, observation, or instruction, and storage of oil, dust or athletic equipment.

Vitruvius, through his text De architectura, is an important ancient source about this building type and provides many details about what he calls "palaestra, Greek-style". Although the specifics of his descriptions do not always correspond to the architectural evidence, probably because he was writing around 27 BC, his account provides insight into the general design and uses of this type of space. As Vitruvius describes, the palaestra was square or rectangular in shape with colonnades along all four sides creating porticoes. The portico on the northern side of the palaestra was of double depth to protect against the weather. Big halls exedrae, εξέδρες were built along the single depth sides of the palaestra with seats for those enjoying intellectual pursuits, and the double depth side was divided into an area for youth activities ephebeum, εφηβαίο, a punching bag area coryceum, κωρυκείον, a room for applying powders conisterium, κονιστἠριον, a room for cold bathing λουτρόν, and an oil storeroom elaeothesium, ελαιοθέσιον.

Good examples of this building type come from two major Greek sites: Olympia and Delphi.

During the Roman Imperial period the palaestra was often combined with, or joined to, a bath.

When the Arabs and the Turkish adopted the tradition of the Roman baths, they did not continue the tradition of the attached palaestra.

                                     
  • The palaestra at Olympia is an ancient edifice in Olympia, Greece, part of the gymnasium at the sanctuary. It is a sixty - six metre by sixty - six metre
  • The palaestra at Delphi is part of a gymnasium at the sanctuary. It is the oldest existing gymnasium from the Greek world, dating to the second half of
  • In Greek mythology, Palaestra Παλαίστρα was a name attributed to two characters, who were both associated with the god Hermes: one was a mortal lover
  • from Latin as The Rope It is a comedy, which describes how a girl, Palaestra stolen from her parents by pirates, is reunited with her father, Daemones
  • 4th century B.C. at Delphi, Greece which comprised the xystus and the palaestra along with its auxiliary buildings such as the changing rooms and baths
  • via the ticket office on Çankırı Caddesi which opens out onto the old palaestra wrestling court which was surrounded by a portico with 128 marble columns
  • Greek gods would be pleased - - the 2004 Summer Paralympics revisited Palaestra September 22, 2004 Rwanda International Olympic Committee. Rwanda
  • University Historical Museum and Palaestra et Odeum. The area between Kungshuset, the University building and Palaestra is called Universitetsplatsen. Tegnersplatsen
  • Palaistra can refer to: palaestra an ancient Greek wrestling school Palaistra, Florina, a village in the Florina regional unit, Greece
  • ancient Greek architecture, was a peristyle round the great court of the palaestra described by Vitruvius, which measured two stadia 1, 200 feet 370 m
  • Paraestra Japanese: パラエストラ, from palaestra is a mixed martial arts fighting team and gym headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, with multiple gyms throughout