ⓘ History of mental health ..


Anti-psychiatry is a movement based on the view that psychiatric treatment is more often damaging than helpful to patients. It considers psychiatry a coercive instrument of oppression due to an unequal power relationship between doctor and patient and a highly subjective diagnostic process. It has been active in various forms for two centuries. Anti-psychiatry originates in an objection to what some view as dangerous treatments. Examples of historically dangerous treatments include electroconvulsive therapy, insulin shock therapy, and brain lobotomy. A more recent concern is the significan ...

Assertive community treatment

Assertive community treatment is an intensive and highly integrated approach for community mental health service delivery. ACT teams serve individuals with the most serious forms of mental illness, predominantly but not exclusively the schizophrenia spectrum disorders. ACT service recipients may also have diagnostic profiles that include features typically found in other DSM-5 categories. Many have histories of substance abuse, victimization and trauma, psychiatric hospitalization, arrests and incarceration, homelessness, and additional significant challenges. The symptoms and complication ...

Case management (mental health)

Case management is the coordination of community-based services by a professional or team to provide people the quality mental health care that is customized accordingly to an individuals setbacks or persistent challenges and aid them to their recovery. Case management seeks to reduce hospitalizations and support individuals recovery through a holistic approach that considers each persons overall biopsychosocial needs without making disadvantageous economic costs. As a result, care coordination includes traditional mental health services but may also encompass primary healthcare, housing, ...

Vincenzo Chiarugi

Vincenzo Chiarugi was an Italian physician who helped introduce humanitarian reforms to the psychiatric hospital care of people with mental disorders. His early part in a movement towards moral treatment was relatively overlooked until a gradual reassessment through the 20th century left his reforms described as a landmark in the history of psychiatry. He also specialized in dermatology and wrote on other subjects.

Cogito and the History of Madness

Cogito and the History of Madness is a paper by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida that critically responds to Michel Foucaults book the History of Madness. In this paper, Derrida questions the intentions and feasibility of Foucaults book, particularly in relation to the historical importance attributed by Foucault to the treatment of madness by Descartes in the Meditations on First Philosophy. Derridas paper began a high-profile exchange between Derrida and Foucault as well as a considerable amount of attention from scholars. Foucault responded directly to Derrida in an appendix added ...

Abbe de Coulmier

François Simonet de Coulmier was a French Catholic priest, originally a member of the Premonstratensian canons regular, and an active member of the French legislature at the start of the French Revolution and again during the First French Empire.


ⓘ History of mental health

  • Mental Health Enabling Act of 1956 Public Law 84 - 830 was an Act of Congress passed to improve mental health care in the United States territory of Alaska
  • Mental health is the level of psychological well - being or an absence of mental illness. It is the state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory
  • Community mental health services CMHS also known as community mental health teams CMHT in the United Kingdom, support or treat people with mental disorders
  • Mental health in China is a growing issue, with experts estimating that 173 million people live with a mental disorder. Social stigma related to religious
  • The Mental Health Act Commission was an NHS special health authority that provided a safeguard for people detained in hospital under the powers of the
  • Centre for Mental Health is an independent UK mental health charity. It aims to inspire hope, opportunity and a fair chance in life for people of all ages
  • The Community Mental Health Act of 1963 CMHA also known as the Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act, Mental Retardation Facilities and Construction
  • of Mental Health NIMH is one of 27 institutes and centers that make up the National Institutes of Health NIH The NIH, in turn, is an agency of the
  • The National Mental Health Act 1946 became law on July 3, 1946. It established and provided funds for a National Institute of Mental Health NIMH The