September - Augustus Henry Lane-Fox undertakes his first excavation, at Cissbury Ring hill fort in West Sussex. Oluf Rygh excavates the Tune ship in Norway. Excavations at Bibracte begun by Gabriel Bulliot continue to 1907.
Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks, burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces, palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1867.
Australia: Sea Spray and Smoke Drift Adam Lindsay Gordon Ashtaroth, a Dramatic Lyric Henry Kendall – "Bell-Birds"