ⓘ Ethnicity ..

Ethnic identity development

Ethnic identity development or ethnic-racial identity development includes the identity formation in an individuals self-categorization in, and psychological attachment to, ethnic group. Ethnic identity is characterized as part of ones overarching self-concept and identification. It is distinct from the development of ethnic group identities. With some few exceptions, ethnic and racial identity development is associated positively with good psychological outcomes, psychosocial outcomes, academic outcomes e.g., better engagement in school, and health outcomes e.g., less risk of risky sexual ...

Ethnic majority

An ethnic majority describes the numerical dominance of individuals of an ethnic group within the total population of a particular political or geographical entity. Ethnicity refers to genealogy, language, culture, identification with a historical social group and behavioral practices inherited from ancestors, among others, such as diet, art and religion. An ethnic majority generally contrasts with ethnic minorities within a certain population, such as indigenous people, diasporas or immigrant ethnicities. The concept of the territorial national state is derived from the idea to unite and ...

Ethnic option

Ethnic option is a term coined by sociologist Mary C. Waters to express her conception that ethnic identity of the descendants of immigrants is flexible, symbolic and voluntary, not a definitive aspect of their identity. Waters argues that with the achievement of middle-class suburban status, ethnicity becomes a lifestyle option, a costless form of community.

Ethnic origin

The concept of ethnic origin is an attempt to classify people, not according to their current nationality, but according to commonalities in their social background. For example, somebody living in a monocultural environment, speaking English and clearly a member of an English-speaking cultural milieu, may be descended from immigrants speaking some other language and still participate in some other aspects of their culture. Ethnic origin implies one or more of the following: shared culture and traditions that are distinctive, maintained between generations, and lead to a sense of identity ...

Ethnic Power Relations

The Ethnic Power Relations dataset identifies all politically relevant ethnic groups, their size, and their access to state power in every country of the world with a population of at least 250.000 from 1946 to 2017. It includes annual data on over 800 groups and codes the degree to which their representatives hold executive-level state power, from total control of the government, power-sharing to overt political discrimination. Also, it provides information on regional autonomy arrangements. The EPR data is maintained by researchers at the Chair of International Conflict Research at ETH Z ...

Ethnic theme park

Ethnic theme parks are theme parks based on traditions and cultures of a multitude of ethnic groups. These parks provide a glimpse into the cultures and geographic areas of different countries around the world. Two examples of these parks are the Windows Around the World and Happy Valley Beijing which attract tourists worldwide. The layout allocates a separate" village” to each ethnic group, allowing tourists and other visitors to absorb the individuality they portray. Heritage and history are simulated through elaborate costumes and roles. Visitors also have an opportunity to participate ...

Ethnoburb

An ethnoburb is a suburban residential and business area with a notable cluster of a particular ethnic minority population. Although the group may not constitute the majority within the region, it is a significant amount of the population. That can greatly influence the social geography within the area because of cultural and religious traditional values exhibited. Ethnoburbs allow for ethnic minority groups to maintain their individual identity, but that may also restrict their ability to fully assimilate into mainstream culture and society. According to Dr. Wei Li, the author of many wri ...

Ethnocentrism

Ethnocentrism is used in social sciences and anthropology to describe the act of judging another culture and believing that the values and standards of ones own culture are superior – especially with regard to language, behavior, customs, and religion. These aspects or categories are distinctions that define each ethnicitys unique cultural identity. The term ethnocentrism, deriving from the Greek word ethnos meaning "nation, people, or cultural grouping" and the Latin word centric meaning "center," was first applied in the social sciences by American sociologist William G. Sumner. In his 1 ...

Ethnogenesis

Ethnogenesis is "the formation and development of an ethnic group." This can originate through a process of self-identification as well as come about as the result of outside identification. The term is a mid-20th century neologism, and refers to the observable phenomenon of emergence of new social groups that are identified as having a cohesive identity, i.e. an "ethnic group" in anthropological terms. Relevant sciences do not only observe this phenomenon but search for explanation of its causes. The term ethnogeny is also used as a variant of ethnogenesis.

Ethnolinguistic group

An ethnolinguistic group is a group that is unified by both a common ethnicity and language. Most ethnic groups have their own language. Despite this, the term is often used to emphasise when language is a major basis for the ethnic group, especially with regards to its neighbours. A central concept in the linguistic study of ethnolinguistic groups is ethnolinguistic vitality, the ability of the groups language and ethnicity to sustain. An ethnolinguistic group that lacks such vitality is unlikely to survive as a distinct entity. Factors that influence the ethnolinguistic vitality are demo ...