ⓘ Outline of exercise. The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to exercise: Exercise – any bodily activity that enhances or log phys ..

                                     

ⓘ Outline of exercise

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to exercise:

Exercise – any bodily activity that enhances or log physical fitness and overall health and wellness. It is performed for various reasons including strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, as well as for the purpose of enjoyment. Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts the immune system, and helps prevent the "diseases of affluence" such as heart disease, cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes and obesity.

                                     

1. Types of exercise

Aerobic exercise

Aerobic exercise –

  • Power walking
  • Hiking
  • Running
  • Cycling
  • Swimming
  • Circuit training
  • Aerobics
  • Skipping rope
  • Walking

Anaerobic exercise

Anaerobic exercise –

  • Weight training
  • Eccentric training
  • Sprint running
  • Bodybuilding
  • Functional training

Calisthenics

Calisthenics

  • Squat jumps Toyotas/Box Jumps
  • Sit-ups
  • Calf-raises
  • Jumping jacks
  • Squats
  • Plank
  • Lunges
  • Dips
  • Pull-ups
  • Crunches
  • Abdominal exercise
  • Push-ups
  • Muscle-ups
  • Leg raises
  • Hyperextensions

Stretching exercises

Stretching –

  • Static stretching
  • PNF stretching
  • Dynamic stretching
  • Ballistic stretching
  • Passive stretching
                                     

1.1. Types of exercise Anaerobic exercise

Anaerobic exercise –

  • Weight training
  • Eccentric training
  • Sprint running
  • Bodybuilding
  • Functional training
                                     

1.2. Types of exercise Strength training

Strength training by muscle to be strengthened; c = compound exercise, i = isolated exercise)

  • Leg extension i
  • Squat c
  • Quadriceps front of thighs
  • Lunge c
  • Leg press c
  • Squat c
  • Hamstrings back of thighs
  • Leg curl i
  • Deadlift c
  • Good-morning c
  • Calves
  • Calf raise i
  • Dips
  • Pectorals chest
  • Machine fly i
  • Bench press c
  • Chest fly i
  • Push-up c
  • Supine row c
  • Lats and trapezius back
  • Seated row c
  • Shoulder shrug i
  • Pullup c
  • Pulldown c
  • Chin-up c
  • Bent-over row c
  • Upright row c
  • Rear delt raise i
  • Deltoids shoulders
  • Front raise i
  • Lateral raise i
  • Military press c
  • Shoulder press c
  • Head stand into Handstand push-up c
  • Pull ups with a supinated grip
  • Biceps front of arms
  • Biceps curl i
  • Close-grip bench press c
  • Dip c
  • Triceps back of arms
  • Pushdown i
  • Triceps extension i
  • Wrist extension i
  • Wrist curl i
  • Forearms
  • Abdomen and obliques belly
  • Crunch i
  • Russian twist c
  • Leg raise c
  • Sit-up c
  • Deadlift c
  • Hyperextension c
  • Good-morning c
  • Lower back
  • Pelvis
  • Vaginal weightlifting
  • Extended length conditioning


                                     

1.3. Types of exercise Calisthenics

Calisthenics

  • Squat jumps Toyotas/Box Jumps
  • Sit-ups
  • Calf-raises
  • Jumping jacks
  • Squats
  • Plank
  • Lunges
  • Dips
  • Pull-ups
  • Crunches
  • Abdominal exercise
  • Push-ups
  • Muscle-ups
  • Leg raises
  • Hyperextensions
                                     

1.4. Types of exercise Stretching exercises

Stretching –

  • Static stretching
  • PNF stretching
  • Dynamic stretching
  • Ballistic stretching
  • Passive stretching
                                     

1.5. Types of exercise Specialized training methods

  • Circuit training
  • Long slow distance
  • Ballistic training
  • Endurance training
  • Cross training
  • Complex training
  • Altitude training
  • Boxing training
  • Plyometrics jump training
  • Training to failure
  • Suspension training
  • Interval training
  • Power training
  • High intensity training
  • Weight training
  • Strength training
  • Resistance training
  • Grip strength training


                                     

2. Exercise and health

  • Exercise trends

Health benefits of exercise

  • Memory
  • Stress management
  • Neurobiological effects of physical exercise - improves
  • Executive function
  • Aerobic conditioning
  • Flexibility
  • Strength
  • Stamina
  • Power
  • Accuracy
  • Speed
  • Endurance
  • Physical fitness, including improving and maintaining these aspects of it
  • Coordination
  • Balance
  • Agility
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Drug addiction
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Obesity
  • Cancer
  • Prevention – exercise helps prevent
  • Osteoporosis
  • Neurodegenerative disorders

Dangers of exercise

  • Dehydration
  • Overtraining
  • Heat stroke
  • Tendon rupture
  • Cramps
  • Strain – pull or rupture muscles
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • Sports injury
  • Sprain – pull or rupture ligaments


                                     

3. Terminology

  • Reps –
  • Warm up – yes
  • Ripped –
  • Sets –
  • Recovery –
  • Workout –
  • Buff –
Nutritional
  • Vitamin B6
  • Snack bar –
  • Whey protein –
  • Formula –
  • Protein –
  • Vitamin B12
  • Dietary supplement –
  • Creatine
  • Energy drink –
  • Vitamin B2
  • Amino acid –
Biological
  • Joint –
  • Tendon –
  • Muscle tissue –
  • Muscle fiber –
  • Muscle –
                                     

4. History of exercise

  • Exercise trends
  • Aerobic exercise § History
  • Fitness boot camp § History
  • Outdoor fitness § History
  • Exercise physiology § History
  • Fitness culture
  • Physical culture
  • Bodybuilding § History
  • Exercise § History
                                     

5. Exercise equipment

List of exercise equipment

Traditional

  • Dumbbell
  • Bench
  • Punching bag
  • Treadmill
  • Cable Attachments
  • Barbell
  • Chin-up bar
  • Kettlebell
  • Metal bar

Other

  • Smith machine
  • Ivanko Barbell Company
  • Dip bar
  • Indian clubs
  • Universal Gym Equipment
  • IronMind
  • Soloflex
  • Iron rings
  • Power cage
  • Leg press
  • TRX System
  • Bench weight training
  • Total Gym
  • Halteres ancient Greece
  • Shake Weight
  • Dumbbell
  • Bulgarian Bag
  • Weight machine
  • Trap bar
  • Captains of Crush Grippers
  • York Barbell
  • Barbell
  • Cable machine
  • Bowflex
  • Kettlebell
                                     

6. Physiology of exercise

Exercise physiology

  • Grip strength
  • Anaerobic exercise
  • Weight loss
  • Supercompensation
  • Weight cutting
  • Warming up
  • Muscle hypertrophy
  • Exercise induced nausea
  • Aerobic exercise
  • Stretching
  • Overtraining

Health monitor

Remote physiological monitoring

  • Respiration rate
  • Body fat percentage
  • Heart rate
  • Pulse rate
  • Blood pressure
                                     

7. Significant people of physical fitness

  • Lance Armstrong
  • Georges Hebert b.1875-d.1957
  • Jack LaLanne b.1914-d.2011
  • Susan Powter
  • Robyn Landis
  • Arnold Schwarzenegger
  • John Basedow
  • Erwan Le Corre
  • Roger Bannister
  • Joseph Pilates b.1883-d.1967