ⓘ Anthropology ..

Outline of anthropology

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to anthropology: Anthropology – study of humanity. Anthropology has origins in the natural sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences. The term was first used by François Peron when discussing his encounters with Tasmanian Aborigines.

Philosophical anthropology

Philosophical anthropology, sometimes called anthropological philosophy, is a discipline dealing with questions of metaphysics and phenomenology of the human person, and interpersonal relationships.

Acali

The Acali was a raft which was used in the Acali Expedition or Acali Experiment. The raft had a complement of eleven people: five men and six women. It left Las Palmas, Spain on 12 May 1973 and took 101 days to drift across the Atlantic Ocean and reach Cozumel, Mexico, with a single stopover in Barbados. The experiment was conceived by Mexican anthropologist Santiago Genoves to investigate interpersonal relationships in conditions of limited space and social isolation.

Action group (sociology)

In sociology and anthropology, an action group or task group is a group of people joined temporarily to accomplish some task or take part in some organized collective action. As the members of the action group are brought together on a single occasion and then disband, they cannot be regarded as constituting a full-fledged social group, for which they would need to interact recurrently in accordance with their social identities.

Actor–network theory

Actor–network theory is a theoretical and methodological approach to social theory where everything in the social and natural worlds exists in constantly shifting networks of relationships. It posits that nothing exists outside those relationships. All the factors involved in a social situation are on the same level, and thus there are no external social forces beyond what and how the network participants interact at present. Thus, objects, ideas, processes, and any other relevant factors are seen as just as important in creating social situations as humans. ANT holds that social forces do ...

Alliance theory

The alliance theory, also known as the general theory of exchanges, is a structuralist method of studying kinship relations. It finds its origins in Claude Levi-Strausss Elementary Structures of Kinship and is in opposition to the functionalist theory of Radcliffe-Brown. Alliance theory has oriented most anthropological French works until the 1980s; its influences were felt in various fields, including psychoanalysis, philosophy and political philosophy. The hypothesis of a "marriage-alliance" emerged in this frame, pointing out towards the necessary interdependence of various families and ...

                                     

Americanoid

Americanidiot was the anthropological theory presented by the Russian Vladimir Jochelson, which grouped together the natives of the Northwest coast of America and the aborigines in the North-East of Siberia, in connection with their ethnographic and cultural similarities. Although there are really inexplicable cultural, linguistic, ethnological and similarities between these groups, the idea of "americanidiot" is now discounted by most scientists.