ⓘ Notifiable disease. A notifiable disease is any disease that is required by law to be reported to government authorities. The collation of information allows th ..

                                     

ⓘ Notifiable disease

A notifiable disease is any disease that is required by law to be reported to government authorities. The collation of information allows the authorities to monitor the disease, and provides early warning of possible outbreaks. In the case of livestock diseases, there may also be the legal requirement to destroy the infected livestock upon notification. Many governments have enacted regulations for reporting of both human and animal diseases.

                                     

1.1. Global Animal

The OIE World Organisation for Animal Health monitors specific animal diseases on a global scale.

  • Diseases Notifiable to the OIE
                                     

2. Australia

Human

The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System NNDSS was established in 1990. Notifications are made to the States or Territory health authority and computerised, de-identified records are then supplied to the Department of Health and Ageing for collation, analysis and publication. The Australian national notifiable diseases list and case definitions are available online.

Animal

Within Australia the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry regulates the notification of infectious animal diseases.

  • State and Territory Notifiable Animal Diseases Lists
  • National List of Notifiable Animal Diseases
                                     

3.1. France Human

The first policies of mandatory notifiable disease originated a long time ago in France, while exact times are unclear we know that at the end of the 18th century Plague was a highly enforced notifiable disease.

The current list of notifiable diseases is written in the Code de la sante publique Article D3113-6 and Article D3113-7 last revision has been made in 2012, it contains 33 diseases: 31 infectious ones and 2 non-infectious disease directly linked to the environment Lead poisoning and Mesothelioma. Notifications of both the disease and the distribution of specific medicine are made to a regional desk governmental agency called Agence regionale de sante by:

  • Physician controllers MISP and Administratives civil-servant from Directions departementales des affaires sanitaires et sociales DDASS,
  • Physician and Biologists, both in public or in private workplaces,
  • Drugs sellers.
  • Epidemiologists from the Institut de veille sanitaire InVS,

Anonymous records are then used by the government health-insurance system.

Ill people must cure them and in many case are put in quarantine.



                                     

3.2. France Animal

Only infectious diseases are notifiable to the authorities. The complete list can be found in the Article L. 223-22 du code rural, it is updated with every new entry on World Organisation for Animal Health OIE lists A and B and with European Union mandatory lists.

                                     

4. New Zealand

Human

Notification is regulated under the Health Act 1956, except for tuberculosis which is regulated under the Tuberculosis Act 1948. All diseases

  • List of national notifiable diseases
                                     

5.1. United Kingdom Human

Requirement for the notification of infectious diseases originated near the end of the 19th century. The list started with a few select diseases and has since grown to 31. Currently disease notification for humans in the UK is regulated under the Public Health Control of Disease Act 1984 and Public Health Infectious Diseases Regulations 1988. The governing body is Public Health England.



                                     

5.2. United Kingdom Children

There are also requirements for notification specific to children in the National standards for under 8s day care and childminding that state:

"Office for Standards in Education should be notified of any food poisoning affecting two or more children looked after on the premises, any child having meningitis or the outbreak on the premises of any notifiable disease identified as such in the Public Health Control of Disease Act 1984 or because the notification requirement has been applied to them by regulations the relevant regulations are the Public Health Infectious Diseases Regulations 1988).

                                     

5.3. United Kingdom Animal

In the UK notification of diseases in animals is regulated by the Animal Health Act 1981, as well as the Specified Diseases Notification and Slaughter Order 1992 as amended and Specified Diseases Notification Order 1996 as amended. The act states that a police constable should be notified, however in practice a Defra divisional veterinary manager is notified and Defra will investigate.

  • List of Notifiable Diseases
                                     

6. United States

In the past, notifiable diseases in the United States varied according to the laws of individual states. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists CSTE also produced a list of nationally notifiable diseases that health officials should report to the CDCs National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System NNDSS. A uniform criterion for reporting diseases to the NNDSS was introduced in 1990.

                                     
  • over 50 diseases are classified as notifiable The notifiable diseases come under four categories : notifiable mandatory contact tracing required
  • States, the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System NNDSS is responsible for sharing information regarding notifiable diseases As of 2020, the
  • maintaining and revising the list of notifiable diseases in Norway and participates in the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC and
  • The following is a list of notifiable diseases arranged by country. Australia Hong Kong: List of statutory notifiable disease and case definitions Centre
  • Canada 1 January 2000 List of nationally notifiable diseases - Notifiable diseases on - line diseases canada.ca. Government of Canada. Retrieved 19
  • A notifiable disease is one which that has to be reported to the government authorities as required by law. In the United Kingdom, notification of infectious
  • fatality rates List of notifiable diseases - diseases that should be reported to public health services, e.g., hospitals. Lists of diseases by year of discovery
  • information available quickly and accurately. Formal reporting of notifiable infectious diseases is a requirement placed upon health care providers by many regional
  • American lab researcher suffered from accidental exposure. It is a notifiable disease in the UK, although it has not been reported there since 1928. The
  • melitensis, it is responsible for causing ovine brucellosis, which is a notifiable disease B. ovis can be transmitted by the stable fly. Infection causes severe