ⓘ Erich Gulzow
Erich Gulzow was a German local historian, philologist and publisher. He wrote books on the history of Vorpommern and the Rugen island. Through his publications on Ernst Moritz Arndt he became known beyond the borders of Pomerania.
Gulzow was born in Loitz in 1888 as the son of the local teacher and chronicler Christian Gulzow 1856-1934 and his wife Marie. After attending the Gymnasium Stralsund he pursued German studies, Romance studies and theology at the universities of Freiburg, Grenoble and Greifswald. For his dissertation about Heinrich von dem Turlin, he was honoured with the title of doctor in 1913. After passing the examination for the higher-level teaching qualification in 1914, he moved to Barth. At the secondary school there he was active from 1919 as Studienrat.
During this time he turned his attention to the history of Vorpommern and began to publish numerous writings and essays as an author and editor. He initiated the series "Barther Heimatbucherei" and in 1922 edited the 800-page "Chronik der Stadt Barth" by the late Wilhelm Bulow and published it. From 1935 to 1939 he published the series "Grimmener Heimatbucherei". On his suggestion, the Historische Kommission fur Pommern published the Pommersche Lebensbilder in three volumes.
In the 1930s he focused his historical research on Ernst Moritz Arndt, about whose estate he had built up a collection since the 1920s. He participated in a historical-critical complete edition of Arndts work, which was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the universities of Greifswald and Bonn. In 1941 he retired early in order to devote himself better to this task. After the project leader Paul Hermann Ruth, who died in the Second World War, was called up, Gulzow took over the overall management. He did valuable detailed work in researching Arndts life and work, but also put himself at the service of National Socialism.
After the end of the war, numerous research materials on Ernst Moritz Arndt were lost or destroyed. In October 1948 Gulzow made an attempt to re-establish the Arndt society, but was ultimately unsuccessful.
Gulzow died in Barth at age 66.
- Loitzer. Waberg, Grimmen 1939
- Gottlieb Mohnike
- Zur Stilkunde der Krone Heinrichs von dem Turlin. Hermann Haessel, Leipzig 1914
- Menschen und Bilder aus Pommerns Vergangenheit. Stralsund 1928
- Vom Barther Schulwesen in fruheren Tagen. Barth 1921
- Barth vor 125 Jahren. Barth 1920
- Ernst Moritz Arndt und Stralsund. Stralsund 1922
- Ernst Moritz Arndt in Schweden. Greifswald 1920