ⓘ Physical culture ..

H.J. Lutcher Stark Center for Physical Culture and Sports

H.J. Lutcher Stark Center for Physical Culture and Sports is located on the campus of the University of Texas at Austin, the H.J. Lutcher Stark Center for Physical Culture and Sports is a library, archive and museum dedicated to the study and preservation of the world of physical culture. Through the donations of the Nelda C. and H.J. Lutcher Stark Foundation and the Betty and Joe Weider Foundation, the Stark Center opened in 2009, providing access to the Center’s extensive collection of materials on weight training, bodybuilding, athletic conditioning, alternative medicine, and other form ...

Marguerite Agniel

Marguerite Agniel was a Broadway actress and dancer, and then a health and beauty guru in New York in the early 20th century. She is known for her 1931 book The Art of the Body: Rhythmic Exercise for Health and Beauty, one of the first to combine yoga and nudism.

Muscle Beach

Muscle Beach refers to the exclusive Santa Monica location of the birthplace of the physical fitness boom in the United States during the 20th century, started in 1934 with predominantly gymnastics activities on the south side of the Santa Monica Pier. Muscle Beach Venice is the contemporary title of the outdoor weightlifting platform constructed in Venice, California, a distinct neighborhood in the city of Los Angeles, 18 years after Muscle Beach was established. Muscle Beach Venice was officially titled in 1987 by the City of Los Angeles with the distinguishing name "Venice" added to the ...

Sandow's Magazine of Physical Culture

Sandows Magazine of Physical Culture, established by Eugen Sandow in 1898, has been regarded as the first bodybuilding magazine. Founded in July 1898 under the name Physical Culture, the magazine was renamed Sandows Magazine of Physical Culture in April 1899. Howard Spicer was editor. Contributors included the music-hall artist Dan Leno, and several young writers who would subsequently achieve fame: P. G. Wodehouse, H. H. Munro and George Douglas Brown. It closed, due to a decline in interest, in June 1907.

Sokol

The Sokol movement is an all-age gymnastics organization first founded in Prague in the Czech region of Austria-Hungary in 1862 by Miroslav Tyrs and Jindeich Fugner. It was based upon the principle of "a strong mind in a sound body". The Sokol, through lectures, discussions, and group outings provided what Tyrs viewed as physical, moral, and intellectual training for the nation. This training extended to men of all ages and classes, and eventually to women. The movement also spread across all the regions populated by Slavic cultures, most of them part of either Austria-Hungary or the Russi ...

York Barbell

York Barbell is an American-based international manufacturer of fitness products. Bob Hoffman, named "Father of World Weightlifting" by the International Weightlifting Federation, bought the Milo Barbell Company and founded York Barbell in 1932. As a prolific writer of books and articles, Hoffman promoted the benefits of exercise and nutrition. Among the companys first employees were weightlifters Tony Terlazzo and John Terpak. Hoffman starting creating barbells in 1929, the same year he began to host meets in the oil burner factory. During the 1932, Los Angeles Olympics, Hoffman noticed h ...