ⓘ List of additives in cigarettes. This is the list of 599 additives in cigarettes submitted to the United States Department of Health and Human Services in April ..

                                     

ⓘ List of additives in cigarettes

This is the list of 599 additives in cigarettes submitted to the United States Department of Health and Human Services in April 1994. It applies, as documented, only to American manufactured cigarettes intended for distribution within the United States by the listed companies. The five major tobacco companies that reported the information were:

  • Brown and Williamson
  • Liggett Group, Inc.
  • R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
  • American Tobacco Company
  • Philip Morris Inc.

One significant issue is that while all these chemical compounds have been approved as additives to food, they were not tested by burning. Burning changes the properties of chemicals. According to the U.S. National Cancer Institute: "Of the more than 7.000 chemicals in tobacco smoke, at least 250 are known to be harmful, including hydrogen cyanide, carbon monoxide, and ammonia. Among the 250 known harmful chemicals in tobacco smoke, at least 69 can cause cancer."

                                     

1. A

See also: Tobacco packaging warning messages. Some examples on the right.
  • Diammonium phosphate
  • dl-Alanine
  • 2-Acetylpyridine
  • Ammonium hydroxide
  • Anisyl phenylacetate
  • Amyl formate
  • Apple juice concentrate, extract, and skins
  • 6-Acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
  • Anisyl acetate
  • alpha-amylcinnamaldehyde
  • Anise
  • Acetophenone
  • 2-Acetyl-3-ethylpyrazine
  • Alfalfa extract
  • Almond bitter oil
  • Allspice extract, oleoresin, and oil
  • Amyl octanoate
  • Amyris oil
  • L-Aspartic acid
  • Ascorbic acid
  • L-Arginine
  • Amyl alcohol
  • Ammonium sulfide
  • Apricot extract and juice concentrate
  • trans-Anethole
  • Aconitic acid
  • Anisyl formate
  • Acetylpyrazine
  • Ammonium bicarbonate
  • Acetanisole
  • L-Asparagine monohydrate
  • Ammonia
  • 2-Acetyl-5-methylfuran
  • Ambergris tincture
  • Angelica root extract, oil and seed oil
  • 3-Acetylpyridine
  • Acetoin
  • Asafetida fluid extract and oil
  • Allyl ionone
  • 2-Acetylthiazole
  • Anise star, extract and oils
  • Amyl butyrate
  • Acetic acid
  • Anisyl alcohol
  • Allyl hexanoate
                                     

2. B

  • 2.3-Butanedione
  • Bisabolene
  • Basil Oil
  • Benzyl Benzoate
  • Benzyl Butyrate
  • Bay leaf, Oil and Sweet Oil
  • Butyl butyrate
  • Buchu Leaf Oil
  • Beet Juice Concentrate
  • Balsam of Peru and Oil
  • Benzyl Cinnamate
  • Benzaldehyde
  • Beeswax White
  • Butyl isovalerate
  • Benzoic acid, Benzoin
  • Benzyl Alcohol
  • 1.3-Butanediol
  • Benzaldehyde Glyceryl Acetal
  • Bergamot Oil
  • 2-Butanone
  • Black Currant Buds Absolute
  • Butter, Butter Esters, and Butter Oil
  • 3-Butylidenephthalide
  • Benzoin Resin
  • Benzyl salicylate
  • 42-Butenylidene-3.5.5-Trimethyl-2-Cyclohexen-1-One
  • Bornyl Acetate
  • Benzophenone
  • Borneol
  • Butyl acetate
  • 1-Butanol
  • Butyl butyryl lactate
  • Butyric Acid
  • Butyl ndecylenate
  • Benzyl Propionate
  • Butyl phenylacetate
                                     

3. C

  • Citral
  • Cocoa
  • Cinnamyl Isovalerate
  • Cananga oil
  • Corn Oil
  • Caffeine
  • Castoreum Extract, Tincture and Absolute
  • Copaiba Oil
  • Cedrol
  • Calcium carbonate
  • Camphene
  • beta-Caryophyllene Oxide
  • Coconut Oil
  • Carvacrol
  • para-Cymene
  • Cassie Absolute and Oil
  • Cinnamic Acid
  • Coriander Extract and Oil
  • Coffee
  • Cardamom Oleoresin, Extract, Seed Oil, and Powder
  • L-Cysteine
  • Citric Acid
  • Costus Root Oil
  • Carob bean and Extract
  • Clary Oil
  • Caramel color
  • Caraway oil
  • beta-Carotene
  • Cocoa Shells, Extract, Distillate And Powder
  • Cassia Bark Oil
  • Cascarilla oil and Bark Extract
  • Chicory Extract
  • Chocolate
  • Cubeb Oil
  • Clover Tops, Red Solid Extract
  • Citronellyl Isobutyrate
  • Cinnamyl Cinnamate
  • Cinnamyl Propionate
  • Cedarwood Oil Terpenes and Virginiana
  • Carrot oil
  • Cognac White and Green Oil
  • Cadinene
  • 4-Carvomenthenol
  • Cinnamaldehyde
  • beta-Caryophyllene
  • Corn Silk
  • Carbon dioxide
  • L-Carvone
  • Cellulose Fiber
  • Cinnamon Leaf Oil, Bark Oil, and Extract
  • dl-Citronellol
  • Cinnamyl Acetate
  • Capsicum oleoresin
  • Cedar Leaf Oil
  • Celery Seed Extract, Solid, Oil, And Oleoresin
  • Citronella Oil
  • Chamomile Flower Oil And Extract
  • Civet Absolute
  • Cinnamyl Alcohol
  • Citronellyl Butyrate
  • Cuminaldehyde


                                     

4. D

  • Diethyl Sebacate
  • Decanal
  • meta-Dimethoxybenzene
  • para-Dimethoxybenzene
  • 2-Decenal
  • 2.5-Dimethylpyrazine
  • 2-trans,4-trans-Decadienal
  • Diacetyl
  • 4.5-Dimethyl-3-Hydroxy-2.5-Dihydrofuran-2-One
  • 5.7-Dihydro-2-Methylthieno3.4-D Pyrimidine
  • delta-Dodecalactone
  • 3.4-Dimethyl-1.2-Cyclopentanedione
  • 6.10-Dimethyl-5.9-Undecadien-2-One
  • alpha,alpha-Dimethylphenethyl Acetate
  • 2.3-Dimethylpyrazine
  • 2.4 Dimethylacetophenone
  • 3.5-Dimethyl-1.2-Cyclopentanedione
  • alpha,alpha Dimethylphenethyl Butyrate
  • 3.7-Dimethyl-1.3.6-Octatriene
  • Dill Seed Oil and Extract
  • 2.3-Diethylpyrazine
  • gamma-Decalactone
  • Davana Oil
  • delta-Decalactone
  • Dihydro Anethole
  • Dimethyl Succinate
  • gamma-Dodecalactone
  • Diethyl Malonate
  • alpha,para-Dimethylbenzyl Alcohol
  • Decanoic acid
  • 3.7-Dimethyl-6-Octenoic Acid
  • Dehydromenthofurolactone
  • 1-Decanol
  • 2.6-Dimethylpyrazine
  • Dandelion Root Solid Extract
  • 2.6-Dimethoxyphenol
  • Dimethyltetrahydrobenzofuranone
                                     

5. E

  • Ethyl palmitate
  • Ethyl nonanoate
  • Ethyl fenchol
  • 2-Ethyl-1-Hexanol,3-Ethyl-2-Hydroxy-2-Cyclopenten-1-One
  • Ethyl benzoate
  • 2-Ethyl or Methyl-3.5 and 6-Methoxypyrazine
  • Ethyl valerate
  • 2-Ethyl-3-Methylpyrazine
  • Ethyl levulinate
  • Ethyl acetate
  • Ethyl cinnamate
  • 4-Ethylguaiacol
  • 3-Ethylpyridine
  • Ethyl decanoate
  • Ethyl methylphenylglycidate
  • Ethyl hexanoate
  • Ethyl octadecanoate
  • Ethyl trans-2-butenoate
  • Ethyl furoate
  • Ethyl 10-Undecenoate
  • Ethyl heptanoate
  • Ethyl myristate
  • Ethyl acetoacetate
  • para-Ethoxybenzaldehyde
  • Ethyl octanoate
  • Ethyl phenylacetate
  • Ethyl alcohol
  • 4-Ethylbenzaldehyde
  • 4-Ethylphenol para-Ethylphenol
  • Ethyl propionate
  • Ethyl vanillin
  • Ethyl maltol
  • Eucalyptol
  • Ethyl butyrate
  • Ethyl lactate
  • 2-Ethyl-3.5 or 6-Dimethylpyrazine
  • 5-Ethyl-3-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-25H-Furanone
  • Ethyl isovalerate
  • Ethyl 2-Methylbutyrate
  • Ethyl oleate
  • Ethyl laurate
  • Ethyl salicylate
                                     

6. F

  • Furfuryl Mercaptan
  • Farnesol
  • 4-2-Furyl-3-Buten-2-One
  • Fennel Sweet Oil
  • Fenugreek, Extract, Resin, and Absolute
  • Food Starch Modified
  • D-Fenchone
  • fig Juice Concentrate


                                     

7. G

  • Geranyl Formate
  • Glycerol
  • Ginger Oil and Oleoresin
  • Galbanum Oil
  • Geranyl Phenylacetate
  • Genet Absolute
  • Gentian Root Extract
  • L-Glutamine
  • Glycyrrhizin Ammoniated
  • L-Glutamic Acid
  • Geranium Rose Oil
  • Geraniol
  • Guaiac Wood Oil
  • Guar Gum
  • Geranyl Butyrate
  • Geranyl Acetate
  • Grape Juice Concentrate
  • Geranyl Isovalerate
  • Guaiacol
                                     

8. H

  • 2-Heptanone
  • 2-Hexenal
  • Hexyl 2-Methylbutyrate
  • 2-Hydroxy-3.5.5-Trimethyl-2-Cyclohexen-1-One
  • Hexyl Alcohol
  • Heptyl acetate
  • 6-Hydroxydihydrotheaspirane
  • 3-Hepten-2-One
  • Hydrolyzed Milk Solids
  • omega-6-Hexadecenlactone
  • 2-Hepten-4-One
  • cis-3-Hexen-1-Yl Acetate
  • trans-2-Heptenal
  • Honey
  • gamma-Heptalactone
  • Hops Oil
  • cis-3-Hexenyl Formate
  • 3-Hexen-1-Ol
  • trans-2-Hexenoic Acid
  • 3-Hexenoic Acid
  • Hydrolyzed Plant Proteins
  • L-Histidine
  • Hexyl Acetate
  • Hydroxycitronellal
  • 2.4-Heptadienal
  • 4-Heptenal
  • 4-Hydroxy -3-Pentenoic Acid Lactone
  • Hyssop Oil
  • Hexyl Phenylacetate
  • Hexanal
  • 2-Hexen-1-Ol
  • Hexanoic acid
  • 2-Hydroxy-4-Methylbenzaldehyde
  • 4-Hydroxy-2.5-Dimethyl-32H-Furanone
  • 4-para-Hydroxyphenyl-2-Butanone
  • 4-Hydroxybutanoic Acid Lactone
  • gamma-Hexalactone
  • Heptanoic Acid
  • 5-Hydroxy-2.4-Decadienoic Acid delta- Lactone


                                     

9. I

  • 2-Isobutyl-3-Methoxypyrazine
  • Isobutyraldehyde
  • alpha-Irone
  • Isoamyl Benzoate
  • alpha-Ionone
  • alpha-Isomethylionone
  • Isobutyl Acetate
  • Isobutyl Phenylacetate
  • Isoamyl Isovalerate
  • Isobutyl Cinnamate
  • Isobutyric Acid
  • Isobutyl Alcohol
  • Isobutyl Salicylate
  • Isoamyl Butyrate
  • Isoamyl Cinnamate
  • 2-Isopropylphenol
  • Isovaleric Acid
  • Isoamyl Octanoate
  • Isoamyl Formate, Isoamyl Hexanoate
  • Isobornyl Acetate
  • Isoamyl Phenylacetate
  • d,l-Isoleucine
  • alpha-Isobutylphenethyl Alcohol
  • beta-Ionone
  • Isoamyl Acetate
  • Immortelle Absolute and Extract
                                     

10. L

  • L-Leucine
  • Levulinic acid
  • Linden Flowers
  • Lemon Oil and Extract
  • Lime Oil
  • L-Lysine
  • Labdanum Absolute and Oleoresin
  • Lavender oil
  • Linalool
  • Lactic Acid
  • Lauric Aldehyde
  • Lauric Acid
  • Lavandin Oil
  • Liquorice root, fluid, extract and powder
  • Linalool Oxide
  • Linalyl acetate
  • Lovage Oil And Extract
  • Lemongrass Oil
                                     

11. M

  • Maltol
  • 2-Methylbutyric Acid
  • Methyl Ester of Rosin, Partially Hydrogenated
  • 2-Methylhexanoic Acid
  • dl-Methionine
  • 3-Methyl-1-Cyclopentadecanone
  • 2-Methylheptanoic Acid
  • Methyl Benzoate
  • Menthol
  • Mate Leaf, Absolute and Oil
  • Methyl Linoleate 48%
  • 4-Methyl-3-Pentene-2-One
  • Methyl 2-Furoate
  • Maltodextrin
  • para-Methylanisole
  • 6-Methyl-3 5-Heptadien-2-One
  • Mimosa Absolute and Extract
  • 5-Methyl-3-Hexen-2-One
  • 2-Methylpyrazine
  • Methylcyclopentenolone
  • MethylthioMethylpyrazine Mixture Of Isomers
  • Methyl-trans-2-Butenoic Acid
  • Mace Powder, Extract and Oil
  • 5-Methyl-2-Phenyl-2-Hexenal
  • 2-Methoxy-4-methylphenol
  • 2-Methyltetrahydrofuran-3-one
  • 1-Methyl-3-Methoxy-4-Isopropylbenzene
  • 1-para-Methoxyphenyl-2-Propanone
  • 2-Methoxy-4-Vinylphenol
  • Menthone
  • Methyl Anisate
  • Methyl phenylacetate
  • alpha-Methylbenzyl Acetate
  • Methyl 2-Octynoate
  • Methyl Sulfide
  • Methyl Salicylate
  • 4-Methylacetophenone
  • 6-Methyl-5-Hepten-2-One
  • Myristic acid
  • Methyl Linolenate 52% Mixture
  • Methyl 3-Methylthiopropionate
  • Methyl 2-Pyrrolyl Ketone
  • 4-Methylpentanoic Acid
  • alpha-Methylcinnamaldehyde
  • 5-Methylquinoxaline
  • Methyl anthranilate
  • Methoprene
  • 5-Methyl-2-Thiophenecarboxaldehyde
  • 2-Methylvaleric Acid
  • Malt and Malt Extract
  • Magnesium Carbonate
  • 2-Methylbutyraldehyde
  • 2-Methyl-3-para-Isopropylphenyl Propionaldehyde
  • 3-Methylbutyraldehyde
  • 3-Methylpentanoic Acid
  • 3-Methylthiopropionaldehyde
  • Myrrh Oil
  • para-Mentha-8-Thiol-3-One
  • Methoxypyrazine
  • para-Methoxybenzaldehyde
  • Methyl Naphthyl Ketone
  • 1-para-Methoxyphenyl-1-Penten-3-One
  • Methyl Dihydrojasmonate
  • Molasses Extract and Tincture
  • Mandarin Oil
  • Mullein Flowers
  • 4-Methyl-5-Thiazoleethanol
  • Maltyl Isobutyrate
  • Maple Syrup and Concentrate
  • Mountain Maple Solid Extract
  • Malic Acid
  • Methyl-alpha-Ionone
  • Menthyl Acetate
  • 4-Methyl-5-Vinylthiazole
  • 2-Methyl-4-Phenylbutyraldehyde
  • 4-para-Methoxyphenyl-2-Butanone
  • Methyl Cinnamate
  • Methyl Nicotinate
  • Myristaldehyde
  • 4-Methyl-1-Phenyl-2-Pentanone
  • Methyl Isovalerate
  • alpha-Methylbenzyl Alcohol


                                     

12. N

  • trans-2-Nonen-1-ol
  • Nona-2-trans,6-cis-dienal
  • Nicotine
  • Nerol
  • Neroli Bigarde Oil
  • 2-Nonenal
  • Nonanoic Acid
  • 2.6-Nonadien-1-ol
  • Nutmeg Powder and Oil
  • Nonanone
  • Nonanal
  • beta-Napthyl Ethyl Ether
  • gamma-Nonalactone
  • Nerolidol
  • Nonyl Acetate


                                     

13. O

  • 3-Octen-2-one
  • Olibanum oil
  • Origanum oil
  • 9.12-Octadecadienoic acid 48% and 9.12.15-Octadecatrienoic acid 52%
  • Oakmoss absolute
  • 2-Octanone
  • Orris concrete oil and root extract
  • Opoponax oil and gum
  • 2-Octenal
  • Orange blossom water, absolute, and leaf absolute
  • Orange oil and extract
  • Octyl isobutyrate
  • 1-Octen-3-yl acetate
  • Octanoic acid
  • Oleic acid
  • 1-Octen-3-ol
  • Oak chips extract and oil
  • Octanal
  • gamma-Octalactone
  • 1-Octanol
  • delta-Octalactone
                                     

14. P

  • Parsley Seed Oil
  • Pyruvic Acid
  • Pineapple Juice Concentrate
  • 1-Phenyl-1-Propanol
  • Phenethyl alcohol
  • Phenylacetic Acid
  • Phenylacetaldehyde
  • omega-Pentadecalactone
  • Patchouli Oil
  • 3-Phenylpropionic Acid
  • Propionic Acid
  • Pipsissewa Leaf Extract
  • L-Proline
  • 3-Phenyl-1-Propanol
  • Propyl para-Hydroxybenzoate
  • Potassium Sorbate
  • Palmitic acid
  • Phenethyl Isobutyrate
  • Prune juice and Concentrate
  • 4-Phenyl-3-Buten-2-Ol
  • Propylene Glycol
  • L-Phenylalanine
  • Phenethyl Butyrate
  • Peppermint Oil
  • alpha-Pinene, beta-Pinene
  • D-Piperitone
  • 2.3-Pentanedione
  • alpha-Phellandrene
  • 2-3-PhenylpropylTetrahydrofuran
  • Phenethyl Isovalerate
  • Peruvian Bois De Rose Oil
  • Palmarosa Oil
  • 3-Propylidenephthalide
  • Pimenta Leaf Oil
  • Piperonal
  • Phosphoric Acid
  • 4-Phenyl-3-Buten-2-One
  • Phenethyl Phenylacetate
  • 3-Phenylpropyl Cinnamate
  • 2-Pentylpyridine
  • Propyl Acetate
  • Phenethyl Salicylate
  • Phenethyl Cinnamate
  • Petitgrain Absolute, Mandarin Oil and Terpeneless Oil
  • Pyroligneous Acid And Extract
  • 2-Pentanone
  • Pyrrole
  • Pyridine
  • 4-Pentenoic Acid
  • 3-Phenylpropyl Acetate
  • Plum Juice
  • Propenylguaethol
  • Pine Needle Oil, Pine Oil, Scotch
  • 3-Phenylpropionaldehyde
  • 2-Phenyl-2-Butenal
  • Pepper Oil, Black And White
  • 2-Phenenthyl Acetate
                                     

15. S

  • Skatole
  • Sodium hydroxide
  • Sodium benzoate
  • Solanone
  • Sodium bicarbonate
  • Smoke flavor
  • Sage, Sage oil, and Sage oleoresin
  • Sodium chloride
  • Sodium acetate
  • Sucrose octaacetate
  • Sandalwood oil, yellow
  • Sodium citrate
  • Sodium carbonate
  • Spearmint oil
  • Salicylaldehyde
  • Snakeroot oil
  • Sugars
  • Sclareolide
  • Styrax extract, gum and oil
  • Sugar alcohols
                                     

16. T

  • 2.3.5-Trimethylpyrazine
  • 4-2.6.6-Trimethylcyclohexa-1.3-DienylBut-2-En-4-One
  • alpha-Terpineol
  • Tagetes Oil
  • 4-2.6.6-Trimethylcyclohex-1-EnylBut-2-En-4-One
  • L-Threonine
  • 2.6.6-Trimethylcyclohex-2-Ene-1.4-Dione
  • Tartaric Acid
  • para-Tolyl Isobutyrate
  • Thiazole
  • 2-Tridecanone
  • Tea Leaf and Absolute
  • Thiamine Hydrochloride
  • para-Tolyl Acetate
  • L-Tyrosine
  • Tolualdehydes
  • Terpinolene
  • 5.6.7.8-Tetrahydroquinoxaline
  • Tolu balsam Gum and Extract
  • 2.3.5.6-Tetramethylpyrazine
  • 1.5.5.9-Tetramethyl-13-Oxatricyclo8.3.0.04.9)Tridecane
  • para,alpha,alpha-Trimethylbenzyl Alcohol
  • Terpinyl Acetate
  • para-Tolyl Acetaldehyde
  • para-Tolyl Phenylacetate
  • 2-Tridecenal
  • Tannic Acid
  • Tocopherols mixed
  • Triethyl Citrate
  • Thymol
  • 3.5.5-Trimethyl-1-Hexanol
  • para-Tolyl 3-Methylbutyrate
  • 2.2.6-Trimethylcyclohexanone
  • 2.6.6-Trimethylcyclohexa-1.3-Dienyl Methan
  • Tobacco Extracts
  • Triacetin
  • 2.3.4.5, and 3.4.5.6-Tetramethylethyl-Cyclohexanone
  • Thyme Oil, White and Red
                                     

17. V

  • Valine
  • Vanilla Extract And Oleoresin
  • Valencene
  • Veratraldehyde
  • Valeraldehyde
  • Vanillin
  • Violet Leaf Absolute
  • Valerian Root Extract, Oil and Powder
  • Vinegar
  • gamma-Valerolactone
  • Valeric acid
  • Vetiver Oil