ⓘ Wisdom ..


Chokmah is the Biblical Hebrew word rendered as "wisdom" in English Bible versions. The word occurs 149 times in the Masoretic text of the Hebrew Bible It is cognate with the Arabic word for "wisdom", hikma حكمة Semitic root h-k-m. Adjectival haḵam "wise" is used as a honorific, as in Talmid Chacham lit. "student of a sage" for a Torah scholar, or hakham Bashi for a chief rabbi. The Talmud Shabbat 31a describes knowledge of the Talmudic order of Kodshim as a high level of wisdom, chokhmah. In the Kabbalah, Chokhmah is the uppermost of the sephirot of the right line kav yamin, the "Pillar o ...


Hikmah is a concept in Islamic philosophy and law. Mulla Sadra defined hikmah as "coming to know the essence of beings as they really are" or as "a mans becoming an intellectual world corresponding to the objective world". Various Islamic commentaries describe hikmah as "to know the best of things by way of the best of sciences.", having experience, using "justice in judging", "knowledge of the reality of things", "that which prevents ignorance," putting "things in their proper places, assigning them to their proper status", etc. According to Ibn al-Qayyim, the highest and most exclusive o ...


Luqman was a wise man for whom Surah Luqman, the thirty-first sura of the Quran, was named. Luqman is believed to be from Nubia todays Sudan. There are many stories about Luqman in Persian, Arabic and Turkish literature and the primary historical sources are the Tafsir ibn Kathir and Stories of the Quran by Ibn Kathir. The Quran does not state whether Luqman was a prophet, but some people believe him to be a prophet and thus write Alayhis salaam with his name. The Bahai holy writings also make reference to Luqman.

Prajñā (Buddhism)

Prajñā or paññā, is a Buddhist term often translated as "wisdom", "intelligence", or "understanding". It is described in Buddhist commentaries as the understanding of the true nature of phenomena. In the context of Buddhist meditation, it is the ability to understand the three characteristics of all things: anicca, dukkha, and anattā. Mahāyāna texts describe it as the understanding of sūnyatā. It is part of the Threefold Training in Buddhism, and is one of the ten pāramīs of Theravada Buddhism and one of the six Mahāyāna pāramitās.

Prajna (Hinduism)

Prajña or Pragya as प्रज्ञा, प्राज्ञ and प्राज्ञा is used to refer to the highest and purest form of wisdom, intelligence and understanding. Pragya is the state of wisdom which is higher than the knowledge obtained by reasoning and inference.


Prajñāpāramitā means "the Perfection of Wisdom" in Mahāyāna Buddhism. Prajñāpāramitā refers to this perfected way of seeing the nature of reality, as well as to a particular body of sutras and to the personification of the concept in the Bodhisattva known as the "Great Mother". The word Prajñāpāramitā combines the Sanskrit words prajñā "wisdom" with pāramitā "perfection". Prajñāpāramitā is a central concept in Mahāyāna Buddhism and is generally associated with the doctrine of emptiness or lack of Svabhava and the works of Nagarjuna. Its practice and understanding are taken to be indispensa ...