ⓘ Health effects of tobacco ..

1950 Wynder and Graham Study

The 1950 Wynder and Graham Study was conducted by Ernest Wynder and Evarts Graham and was entitled "Tobacco Smoking as a Possible Etiologic Factor in Bronchiogenic Carcinoma: A Study of Six Hundred and Eighty-Four Proved Cases". It was published on May 27, 1950. It was a case-control study to determine the relationship between various external factors and the development of bronchogenic carcinoma. The study concluded that long-term tobacco usage contributes to the onset of lung cancer, as an overwhelming majority of the men with the disease were classified as moderate to heavy smokers for ...

British Doctors Study

The British Doctors Study was a prospective cohort study which ran from 1951 to 2001, and in 1956 provided convincing statistical proof that tobacco smoking increased the risk of lung cancer.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. The main symptoms include shortness of breath and cough with sputum production. COPD is a progressive disease, meaning it typically worsens over time. Eventually, everyday activities such as walking or getting dressed become difficult. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for different types of COPD. The term "chronic bronchitis" is still used to define a productive cough that is present for at least three months each year for two year ...

Epigenetic effects of smoking

Cigarette smoking has been found to affect global epigenetic regulation of transcription across tissue types. Studies have shown differences in epigenetic markers like DNA methylation, histone modifications and miRNA expression between smokers and non-smokers. Similar differences exist in children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy. These epigenetic effects are thought to be linked to many of negative health effects associated with smoking.

A Frank Statement

A Frank Statement to Cigarette Smokers was a historic first advertisement in a campaign run by major American tobacco companies on January 4, 1954, to create doubt by disputing recent scientific studies linking smoking cigarettes to lung cancer and other dangerous health effects. Reaching an estimated 43 million people through more than 400 newspapers throughout the United States, A Frank Statement to Cigarette Smokers and subsequent advertisements were designed by public relations firm Hill & Knowlton to socially engineer the publics perceptions of tobacco and to instill doubt about scien ...

Green Tobacco Sickness

Green Tobacco Sickness is a type of nicotine poisoning caused by the transdermal absorption of nicotine from the surface of wet tobacco plants. Tobacco harvesters, whose clothings become saturated from tobacco wet with rain or morning dew, are at high risk of developing GTS. Workers can avoid getting this sickness by waiting to harvest until the tobacco leaves are dry, or by wearing a rain suit. Wet clothing that has come in contact with tobacco leaves should be removed immediately and the skin washed with warm soapy water. Nicotine from other sources, including nicotine gum, a nicotine pa ...


ⓘ Health effects of tobacco

  • Tobacco use has predominantly negative effects on human health and concern about health effects of tobacco has a long history. Research has focused primarily
  • order to bring about effective action to address the health effects of tobacco use. The tobacco control movement has also been referred to as an anti - smoking
  • of caffeine Health effects of pesticides Health effects of pollution Health effects of tobacco Category: Radiation health effects Health Determinants
  • Tobacco smoking during pregnancy causes many detrimental effects on health and reproduction, in addition to the general health effects of tobacco A number
  • The health effects of tobacco consumption are discussed in health effects of tobacco Chewing is one of the oldest methods of consuming tobacco leaves
  • Health chaired by the then Surgeon General of the United States, Dr. Luther Leonidas Terry, M.D., regarding the negative health effects of tobacco smoking
  • Tobacco harm reduction THR is a public health strategy to lower the health risks to individuals and wider society associated with using tobacco products
  • Health effects of tobacco Third - hand smoke Tradable smoking pollution permits Tobacco control Philip Morris v. Uruguay The Health Consequences of Involuntary
  • 2008, the World Health Organization named tobacco use as the world s single greatest preventable cause of death. The English word tobacco originates from