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Biorisk generally refers to the risk associated with biological materials and/or infectious agents. The term has been used frequently for various purposes since the early 1990s. The term is used by regulators, laboratory personnel and industry alike and is used by WHO. WHO/Europe also provides tools and training courses in biosafety and biosecurity. An international Laboratory Biorisk Management Standard developed under the auspices of the European Committee for Standardization, defines biorisk as the combination of the probability of occurrence of harm and the severity of that harm where ...

Biosafety Clearing-House

The Biosafety Clearing-House is an international mechanism that exchanges information about the movement of genetically modified organisms, established under the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. It assists Parties to implement the protocol’s provisions and to facilitate sharing of information on, and experience with, living modified organisms. It further assists Parties and other stakeholders to make informed decisions regarding the importation or release of GMOs. The Biosafety Clearing-House Central Portal is accessible through the Web. The BCH is a distributed system, and information in ...

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international agreement on biosafety as a supplement to the Convention on Biological Diversity effective since 2003. The Biosafety Protocol seeks to protect biological diversity from the potential risks posed by genetically modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology. The Biosafety Protocol makes clear that products from new technologies must be based on the precautionary principle and allow developing nations to balance public health against economic benefits. It will for example let countries b ...

Drunk walking

Drunk walking describes people intoxicated by alcohol walking in public spaces. Whereas there are long standing social stigmas and laws against drunk driving, only more recently have the personal and social dangers of drunk walking become apparent. Pedestrians under the influence of alcohol may be less likely to use crosswalks and more likely to cross against the traffic lights. Alcohol use is connected to more serious injuries with longer hospital stays if a pedestrian is hit by a vehicle.

Norman Garmezy

Norman Garmezy was a professor of psychology who is known for his work in developmental psychopathology. After receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Iowa in 1950, Garmezy held appointments at Duke University and the Institute of Child Development at the University of Minnesota. His early work was on the etiology of schizophrenia; however, he is best known for his later work on risk, resilience, stress, and coping in child development.

Health, Risk & Society

Health, Risk & Society is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering all aspects of risk analysis concerning health issues. It was established in 1999 and is published by Routledge. The editor-in-chief is Andy Alaszewki.