ⓘ Human diseases and disorders ..

Acute (medicine)

In medicine, describing a disease as acute denotes that it is of short duration and, as a corollary of that, of recent onset. The quantitation of how much time constitutes "short" and "recent" varies by disease and by context, but the core denotation of "acute" is always qualitatively in contrast with "chronic", which denotes long-lasting disease. In addition, "acute" also often connotes two other meanings: sudden onset and severity, such as in acute myocardial infarction, where suddenness and severity are both established aspects of the meaning. It thus often connotes that the condition i ...


Asomatognosia is a neurological disorder characterized as loss of recognition or awareness of part of the body. The failure to acknowledge, for example, a limb, may be expressed verbally or as a pattern of neglect. The limb may also be attributed to another person, a delusion known as somatoparaphrenia. However, they can be shown their limb and this error is temporarily corrected. Some authors have focused on the prevalence of hemispatial neglect in such patients. Asomatognosia is the inability to feel, recognize, or be conscious of ones own specific body parts or bodily conditions Whishaw ...


Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs. It is characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction, and easily triggered bronchospasms. Symptoms include episodes of wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. These may occur a few times a day or a few times per week. Depending on the person, asthma symptoms may become worse at night or with exercise. Asthma is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Environmental factors include exposure to air pollution and allergens. O ...

Catastrophic illness

A catastrophic illness is a severe illness requiring prolonged hospitalization or recovery. Examples would include cancer, leukemia, heart attack or stroke. These illnesses usually involve high costs for hospitals, doctors and medicines and may incapacitate the person from working, creating a financial hardship. They are the type intended to be covered by high-deductible health plans. Research indicates that the unusual economic environment of the delivery of catastrophic illness care encourages the use of innovative therapies. Medicare contains a benefit for catastrophic illness.

Disease cluster

A disease cluster is an unusually high incidence of a particular disease or disorder occurring in close proximity in terms of both time and geography. Typically, when clusters are recognized, they are reported to public health departments in the local area. If clusters are of sufficient size and importance, they may be re-evaluated as outbreaks. The 1854 cholera outbreak which occurred in London is a classic example of such a cluster.

Computer-induced medical problems

Computer-induced health problems can be an umbrella term for the various problems a computer user can develop from extended and incorrect computer use. A computer user may experience many physical health problems from using computers extensively over a prolonged period of time in an inefficient manner. The computer user may have poor etiquette when using peripherals, for example incorrect posture. Reportedly, excessive use of electronic screen media can have ill effects on mental health related to mood, cognition, and behavior, even to the point of hallucination.


ⓘ Human diseases and disorders

  • in Man, a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center GARD Office of Rare Diseases ORD National Institutes
  • different diseases including various forms of immunodeficiency, hypersensitivity, allergies and autoimmune disorders In humans disease is often used
  • cord disorders see spinal pathology, injury, inflammation Peripheral neuropathy and other Peripheral nervous system disorders Cranial nerve disorder such
  • Some childhood diseases include: Candida albicans infection Candida parapsilosis infection Cytomegalovirus infection diphtheria human coronavirus infection
  • Y Z This is a list of acronyms and initials related to diseases infectious or non - infectious and medical disorders Acronyms in healthcare List of
  • of metabolic disorders are: Acid - base imbalance Metabolic brain diseases Disorders of calcium metabolism DNA repair - deficiency disorders Glucose metabolism
  • Western disease paradigm, these diseases are in contrast to so - called diseases of poverty which largely result from and contribute to human impoverishment
  • Other degenerative disorders of eyelid and periocular area H03 Disorders of eyelid in diseases classified elsewhere H04 Disorders of lacrimal system
  • immunoproliferative disorders but technically lymphoproliferative disorders are a subset of immunoproliferative disorders along with hypergammaglobulinemia and paraproteinemias
  • Disorders National Human Genome Research Institute NHGRI genome.gov. Retrieved 15 November 2017. Congenital and Genetic Diseases Genetic and Rare
  • Mitochondrial diseases are a group of disorders caused by dysfunctional mitochondria, the organelles that generate energy for the cell. Mitochondria are
  • GeneReviews NCBI NIH UW entry on Peroxisome Biogenesis Disorders Zellweger Syndrome Spectrum Peroxisomal disorders at the US National Library of Medicine Medical
  • Central nervous system diseases also known as central nervous system disorders are a group of neurological disorders that affect the structure or function