ⓘ Halt All Racist Tours. Until 1970, South Africa refused to allow mixed-race sports teams to tour South Africa, and they were not happy about having to play agai ..

                                     

ⓘ Halt All Racist Tours

Until 1970, South Africa refused to allow mixed-race sports teams to tour South Africa, and they were not happy about having to play against "natives" in New Zealand. A protest movement against the 1960 New Zealand rugby union tour of South Africa used the slogan "No Maoris, No Tour", but it failed to stop the tour. In 1967, the New Zealand Rugby Union decided to cancel the proposed 1967 tour over the issue.

Trevor Richards, Tom Newnham and others formed HART in 1969 to protest against the proposed 1970 New Zealand tour of South Africa. The tour went ahead after the South Africans agreed to accept a mixed-race team.

In 1973, HART promised a campaign of civil disruption if the Springboks, the South Africa national team, toured New Zealand. The Labour Prime Minister, Norman Kirk, prohibited the tour.

The All Blacks, the New Zealand national team, were next due to tour South Africa in 1976. Newly elected National Prime Minister Rob Muldoon refused to cancel the tour, which went ahead. Subsequently Commonwealth leaders adopted the Gleneagles Agreement whereby they agreed to discourage sporting contact with South Africa. Twenty-one African nations boycotted the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal in protest against the All Black tour.

HART merged with the National Anti-Apartheid Council in 1980 to become HART: NZAAM Halt All Racist Tours: New Zealand Anti-Apartheid Movement. After ten years as National Chairperson, Richards was replaced by John Minto.

The high point of protest was around the 1981 Springbok tour of New Zealand in which thousands of New Zealanders protested, invaded pitches, and were involved in civil disobedience to stretch police resources. HART was not the leading body in these protests, as broader organisations were set up in each major centre to coordinate protests, but HART members played a leading role in these organisations.

In 1985, a planned All Black tour of South Africa was stopped by the New Zealand High Court after two lawyers sued the NZRFU, claiming such a tour would breach the NZRFUs constitution. An unofficial tour did take place in 1986 by a team including the majority of the All Blacks players selected for the previous years cancelled tour. These were known as the New Zealand Cavaliers, but were often advertised inside South Africa as the All Blacks or alternatively depicted with the Silver Fern. HART organised nationwide protests, but they were much smaller than the 1981 protests.

HARTs reason for existence ended with the dismantling of apartheid by the South African government.

                                     
  • lot of controversy in New Zealand. see Halt All Racist Tours New Zealand Rugby union then refused any other tour for the successive 10 years until Maori
  • Trevor Richards, Tom Newnham and others formed Halt All Racist Tours to protest against rugby union tours to and from Apartheid South Africa, in 1969. Minto
  • HART may refer to: Halt All Racist Tours New Zealand Heterogeneous Aerial Reconnaissance Team Highway Addressable Remote Transducer Protocol Hillsboro
  • Minto formed the group Halt All Racist Tours HART The main purpose was to provide a group to protest the tours The 1970 tour went ahead but South African
  • IRB throughout the apartheid era. Halt All Racist Tours was established in New Zealand in 1969 to oppose continued tours to and from South Africa. Though
  • Affairs under Secretary Merwyn Norrish. He was a supporter of the Halt All Racist Tours HART movement which opposed New Zealand s sporting contact with
  • against South Africa and is credited with having coined the name Halt All Racist Tours HART the organisation which led and mobilised anti - apartheid protests
  • sheet - metal welder. She studied at Kuranui College.She oranized for Halt All Racist Tours She was a member of Water Pressure Group. She was arrested at an
  • apartheid era Rugby union and apartheid 1981 Springbok Tour South African rebel tours Halt All Racist Tours South Africa national rugby union team South Africa
  • Charter editor Quality Public Education Coalition spokesperson Halt All Racist Tours Global Peace and Justice Auckland Grant Morgan, Socialist Worker
  • IRB throughout the apartheid era. Halt All Racist Tours was established in New Zealand in 1969 to oppose continued tours to and from South Africa. Apartheid