ⓘ Community resilience is the sustained ability of a community to use available resources to respond to, withstand, and recover from adverse situations. This allo ..

                                     

ⓘ Community resilience

Community resilience is the sustained ability of a community to use available resources to respond to, withstand, and recover from adverse situations. This allows for the adaptation and growth of a community after disaster strikes. Communities that are resilient are able to minimize any disaster, making the return to normal life as effortless as possible. By implementing a community resilience plan, a community can come together and overcome any disaster, while rebuilding physically and economically.

                                     

1. Community resilience planning

A community resilience plan is an action plan that allows for a community to rebuild after disaster. The plan should entail specific guidelines that will aid the community to rebuild both the economy and the ecosystem that the community thrives on. This typically means there are measures in place that a community will follow, such as the distribution of volunteers, and the access to knowledge and resources necessary to rebuild. Adaptability is a key attribute which means prevention can occur in response or before disaster strikes. The National Institute of Standards and Technology has a Community Resilience department tasked with solving this problem. This agency has created a Community Resilience Planning Guide, and its aim is to assist communities with anticipating challenges through a practical application that takes into account the social needs of the community as well as dependencies on the "built environment" - buildings and infrastructure systems. The outline of the six step process is shown below:

  • Six-step process
  • Plan preparation, review, and approval
  • Understand the situation
  • Determine the goals and objectives
  • Form a collaborative planning team
  • Plan development
  • Plan implementation and maintenance
                                     

2. Classification of hazards

The scope of community resilience extends beyond natural disasters and include manmade events. Below are an example of disasters communities face on a daily basis:

  • Snow or rain blizzards, tsunami
  • Fire natural, manmade
  • Inundation flooding, coastal erosion
  • Earthquake landslides, liquefaction
  • Wind hurricane, tornados
  • Technological or human-caused cyberwarfare, nuclear weapons
  • Routine
Hazard events that occur regularly and are typically less consequential events in terms of damage and recovery.
  • Design
Hazard events that structures must be designed to withstand and often includes many natural disasters.
  • Extreme
Hazard events may also found in building codes for some hazards; however, they are likely to cause significant and often irreparable damage.
                                     

3. Dependencies and cascading failures

Infrastructure systems such as buildings, water, electric power, transportation, and communication are all interconnected and interdependent networks or systems. This means that a failure in one network can have catastrophic impact on another system. When Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans, LA on August 23, 2005, it caused network outages in transportation and power networks which led to system failure and impedance in others such communication and emergency services.

                                     
  • loss and environmental pressures, encompassing poverty and community violence. Resilience is the integrated adaptation of physical, mental and spiritual
  • implemented at all scales of society. From local community action to global treaties, addressing climate resilience is becoming a priority, although it could
  • individual, family, community and using interdisciplinary approaches e.g., medical, social services, education promote resilience Resilience also has origins
  • scarcity, and other issues related to sustainability and long term community resilience Its Fellows specialize in various fields related to the organization s
  • Urban resilience has conventionally been defined as the measurable ability of any urban system, with its inhabitants, to maintain continuity through all
  • Resilience in the Built Environment is the Built environment s capability to keep adapting to existing and emerging threats such as severe wind storms
  • In ecology, resilience is the capacity of an ecosystem to respond to a perturbation or disturbance by resisting damage and recovering quickly. Such perturbations
  • promote individual, family and community resilience and recovery. The AACP has published a number of texts on community psychiatry. Its most prominent
  • The resilience of coral reefs is the biological ability of coral reefs to recover from natural disturbances such as storms and bleaching episodes. Resilience
  • In the fields of engineering and construction, resilience is the ability to absorb or avoid damage without suffering complete failure and is an objective
  • areas, mainly in England: building regulations community cohesion fire services and community resilience housing local government planning race equality