ⓘ Psychological adjustment ..

Allothetic

Allothetic means being centred in people or places other than oneself. It has been defined as a process of "determining and maintaining a course or trajectory from one place to another. It can be used as a navigational strategy among animals to aid in their survival. It can also be a source of information for machines, particularly those biologically-inspired models and is provided by a set of laser rangefinders, sonars, or vision. Allothetic is used in navigation models e.g., of a rat in a maze as in the phrase "allothetic map" to indicate that a global map, not orientated or centred on t ...

Ambiguous loss

Ambiguous loss is a loss that occurs without closure or clear understanding. This kind of loss leaves a person searching for answers, and thus complicates and delays the process of grieving, and often results in unresolved grief. Some examples are infertility, termination of pregnancy, disappearance of a family member, death of an ex-spouse, a family member being physically alive but in a state of cognitive decline due to Alzheimers disease or dementia, etc. An ambiguous loss can be categorized into two types of loss, physical or psychological. Physical loss and psychological loss differ i ...

Daydream

Daydreaming is the stream of consciousness that detaches from current external tasks when attention drifts to a more personal and internal direction. This phenomenon is common in peoples daily life shown by a large-scale study in which participants spend 47% of their waking time on average on daydreaming. There are various names of this phenomenon including mind wandering, fantasy, spontaneous thoughts, etc. Daydreaming is the term used by Jerome L. Singer whose research programs laid the foundation for nearly all the subsequent research in this area today. The list of terminologies assign ...

Defence mechanisms

In psychoanalytic theory, a defence mechanism is an unconscious psychological mechanism that reduces anxiety arising from unacceptable or potentially harmful stimuli. Defence mechanisms may result in healthy or unhealthy consequences depending on the circumstances and frequency with which the mechanism is used. Defence mechanisms German: Abwehrmechanismen are psychological strategies brought into play by the unconscious mind to manipulate, deny, or distort reality in order to defend against feelings of anxiety and unacceptable impulses and to maintain ones self-schema or other schemas. The ...

Fantasy prone personality

Fantasy prone personality is a disposition or personality trait in which a person experiences a lifelong extensive and deep involvement in fantasy. This disposition is an attempt, at least in part, to better describe "overactive imagination" or "living in a dream world". An individual with this trait may have difficulty differentiating between fantasy and reality and may experience hallucinations, as well as self-suggested psychosomatic symptoms. Closely related psychological constructs include daydreaming, absorption and eidetic memory.

Idiothetic

Idiothetic literally means "self-proposition", and is used in navigation models to describe the use of self-motion cues, rather than allothetic, or external, cues such as landmarks, to determine position and movement. The word is sometimes also spelled "ideothetic". Idiothetic cues include vestibular, optic flow and proprioception. Idiothetic cues are important for the type of navigation known as path integration in which subjects navigate purely using such self-motion cues. This is achieved by an animal through the signals generated by angular and linear accelerations in the course of its ...

Isolation (psychology)

Isolation is a defence mechanism in psychoanalytic theory first proposed by Sigmund Freud. While related to repression, the concept distinguishes itself in several ways. It is characterized as a mental process involving the creation of a gap between an unpleasant or threatening cognition, and other thoughts and feelings. By minimizing associative connections with other thoughts, the threatening cognition is remembered less often and is less likely to affect self-esteem or the self concept. Freud illustrated the concept with the example of a person beginning a train of thought and then paus ...

Prairie madness

Prairie madness or prairie fever was an affliction that affected European settlers in the Great Plains during the migration to, and settlement of, the Canadian Prairies and the Western United States in the nineteenth century. Settlers moving from urbanized or relatively settled areas in the East faced the risk of mental breakdown caused by the harsh living conditions and the extreme levels of isolation on the prairie. Symptoms of prairie madness included depression, withdrawal, changes in character and habit, and violence. Prairie madness sometimes resulted in the afflicted person moving b ...

Richard Warshak

Richard A. Warshak is an American clinical and research psychologist and author. He is best known for his research and advocacy in the areas of child custody, shared parenting, and claims of parental alienation in the context of divorce. Warshak has written three books, The Custody Revolution, Divorce Poison: Protecting the Parent-Child Bond From a Vindictive Ex, and the revised edition, Divorce Poison: How to Protect Your Family from Bad-mouthing and Brainwashing.

                                     

ⓘ Psychological adjustment

  • their hunger and thus adjust to the hunger stimulus. Adjustment disorder occurs when there is an inability to make a normal adjustment to some need or stress
  • An adjustment disorder AjD occurs when an individual has significant difficulty adjusting to or coping with a significant psychosocial stressor. The
  • A 2 year longitudinal study found that psychological flexibility helps with long - term emotional adjustment People who are better at enhancing and suppressing
  • Stories in 2009. Adjustment Team served as the basis for the 2011 film The Adjustment Bureau. Sector T137 is scheduled for adjustment and a Clerk is
  • Psychological abuse, often called emotional abuse, is a form of abuse, characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another person to behavior that
  • psychology, stress is a feeling of strain and pressure. Stress is a type of psychological pain. Small amounts of stress may be desired, beneficial, and even healthy
  • of health promotion and psychological adjustment He was the APA president in 1953. On September 21 American Psychological Association. Retrieved November
  • Psychological resilience is the ability to mentally or emotionally cope with a crisis or to return to pre - crisis status quickly. Resilience exists when
  • adjustment Psychological Bulletin, 115 1 74 101. Crick, N. R., Grotpeter, J. K. 1995 Relational aggression, gender, and social - psychological adjustment
  • Psychological and sociological effects of space flight are important to understanding how to successfully achieve the goals of long - duration expeditionary
  • NLLFS study The USA National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study: Psychological Adjustment of the 17 - Year - Old Adolescents was published in Pediatrics. The