ⓘ Arirang Mass Games. The Grand Mass Gymnastics and Artistic Performance Arirang, also known as the Arirang Mass Games, or the Arirang Festival is a mass gymnasti ..


ⓘ Arirang Mass Games

The Grand Mass Gymnastics and Artistic Performance Arirang, also known as the Arirang Mass Games, or the Arirang Festival is a mass gymnastics and artistic festival held in the Rungrado May Day Stadium in Pyongyang, North Korea. The games usually take place in August or September. The games were held annually between 2002 and 2013, with the exception of 2006. After a five-year hiatus, the Arirang Mass Games returned for a performance entitled The Glorious Country in 2018.

According to the Russian News Agency "TASS", "Arirang is a gymnastics and artistic festival, known as mass games. The extravaganza unfolds an epic story of how the Arirang nation of Korea, a country of morning calm, in the Orient put an end to the history of distress and rose as a dignified nation with the song Arirang. The Arirang performance has been included in the Guinness Book of Records."


1. History

The name refers to "Arirang", a Korean folk story about a young couple who are torn apart by an evil landlord, here intended to represent the division of Korea.

The festival was held annually between 2002 and 2013, with the exception of 2006. The mass games were not held in 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017. In recent years, foreign tourists have been allowed to watch one of the many performances.

The mass games returned after a five-year hiatus, taking place from 9 September through 30 September 2018. The new performance was called The Glorious Country 빛나는 조국 in 2018, and Peoples Country 인민의 나라 in 2019. A further mass games event has been scheduled to begin on the 15th of August 2020, playing weekly until the 10th of October. The dates of this presently unnamed performance are designed to coincide with the start of the 75th anniversary of Liberation Day and the 75th anniversary of Party Foundation Day.


2. Iconography

The Mass Games possess an important ideological character setting out the legacy and political narratives of the North Korean state, with emphasis placed upon Workers Party of Korea, its armed forces, Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il.

These messages may not be clear to foreign spectators, who are not aware of North Korean iconography: a rising sun symbolizes Kim Il-sung. When a gun is shown, it signifies the gun which Kim Il-sung gave to his son Kim Jong-il. The colour red, particularly in flowers, stands for the working class, and the colour purple and red flowers represent Kim Il-sung as the flower Kimilsungia is a purple orchid and the flower Kimjongilia is a red begonia. A snowy mountain with a lake represents Mount Paektu, where Kim Jong-il is said to have been born in a log cabin.


3. Participants

From as young as five years old, citizens are selected based on skill level to serve for the Arirang Festival for many years. In most cases this will be the way of life for them until retirement. They are students of 8 schools of Pyongyang, each of them has its own colour. These are

  • 대동강 Daedonggang blue and yellow
  • 서성 Seoseong red and yellow
  • 만경대 Mangyeongdae red and white
  • 보통강 Botonggang blue and white
  • 모란봉 Moranbong red and white
  • 락랑 Rakrang red and yellow
  • 대성 Daeseong blue and white
  • 평천 Pyeongcheon green and white

4. Events

The opening event of the two-month festival are the mass games, which are famed for the huge mosaic pictures created by more than 30.000 well-trained and disciplined school children, each holding up coloured cards, in an event known in the West as a card stunt, accompanied by complex and highly choreographed group routines performed by tens of thousands of gymnasts and dancers.


5. World record

In August 2007, the Arirang Mass Games were recognised by Guinness World Records as the largest gymnastic display with 100.090 participants at the May Day Stadium in Pyongyang.

  • training of two young girls from Pyongyang who perform in the mass games Arirang mass games were first performed in 2002 in Pyongyang s May Day Stadium
  • the Storm has elements of Arirang North Korea portal South Korea portal Music portal Arirang Mass Games N. Korea s Arirang wins UNESCO intangible heritage
  • Radio Arirang TV Arirang Festival, North Korean mass games festival Arirang 1926 film and its sequels Arirang geuhu iyagi 1930 and Arirang 3 1936
  • Grand Mass Gymnastics and Artistic Performance Arirang Chosŏn gŭl: 아리랑 축제, Hancha: 아리랑 祝祭 also known as the Arirang Mass Games or the Arirang Festival
  • People 106 pulbora.edu.kp. Retrieved 11 February 2019. North Korea s Arirang Mass Games Looked Utterly Splendid Business Insider. 23 July 2013. Retrieved
  • Arirang a style of traditional Korean folksong. Arirang a 1926 film. Arirang Festival, the official name of the North Korean mass games Arirang satellite
  • football matches, a few athletics events, but most often for the mass games of the Arirang Festival. Officially by North Korean claims the stadium supposedly
  • football soccer where it can form part of a tifo. The North Korean mass games Arirang Festival, however, were the first to extend the card stunt to an art
  • Skating CBS Sports. 13 February 2010. Retrieved 2010 - 02 - 14. Arirang Today 07: 00 Arirang 4 January 2010. Retrieved 2010 - 02 - 13. Lee Seung - hoon Surprises
  • August 27, North Korea said it had suspended its yearly showcase Arirang mass games The performance resumed after the flood damage was cleared away.