ⓘ Exercise physiology ..

Acute muscle soreness

Acute muscle soreness is the pain felt in muscles during and immediately, up to 24 hours, after strenuous physical exercise. The pain appears within a minute of contracting the muscle and it will disappear within two or three minutes or up to several hours after relaxing it. The following causes have been proposed for acute muscle soreness: Muscle fatigue the muscle tires and cannot contract any more Accumulation of chemical end products of exercise in muscle cells such as lactic acid and H + There are no modern effective treatments for AMS.

Adenosine triphosphate

Adenosine triphosphate is an organic compound that provides energy to drive many processes in living cells, e.g. muscle contraction, nerve impulse propagation, and chemical synthesis. Found in all forms of life, ATP is often referred to as the "molecular unit of currency" of intracellular energy transfer. When consumed in metabolic processes, it converts either to adenosine diphosphate or to adenosine monophosphate. Other processes regenerate ATP so that the human body recycles its own body weight equivalent in ATP each day. It is also a precursor to DNA and RNA, and is used as a coenzyme. ...

Aerobic exercise

Aerobic exercise is physical exercise of low to high intensity that depends primarily on the aerobic energy-generating process. "Aerobic" means "relating to, involving, or requiring free oxygen", and refers to the use of oxygen to adequately meet energy demands during exercise via aerobic metabolism. Generally, light-to-moderate intensity activities that are sufficiently supported by aerobic metabolism can be performed for extended periods of time. What is generally called aerobic exercise might be better termed "solely aerobic", because it is designed to be low-intensity enough so that al ...

Altitude training

Altitude training is the practice by some endurance athletes of training for several weeks at high altitude, preferably over 2.400 metres above sea level, though more commonly at intermediate altitudes due to the shortage of suitable high-altitude locations. At intermediate altitudes, the air still contains approximately 20.9% oxygen, but the barometric pressure and thus the partial pressure of oxygen is reduced. Depending on the protocols used, the body may acclimate to the relative lack of oxygen in one or more ways such as increasing the mass of red blood cells and hemoglobin, or alteri ...

Anaerobic exercise

Anaerobic exercise features high intensity movements performed in a short period of time. It can be used by athletes to promote strength, endurance, speed and power; and is used by body builders to build workout intensity. Muscle energy systems trained using anaerobic exercise develop differently compared to aerobic exercise, leading to greater performance in short duration, high intensity activities, which last from mere seconds to up to about 2 minutes. Energy is drawn from a limited supply of stored muscle glycogen to support this short burst of intense activity. Anaerobic exercises dem ...


4-Androstene-3.6.17-trione is a drug or nutritional supplement that may increase the testosterone-estrogen ratio, but has no proven effect on body composition. Its use can be detected in urine. 4-AT is a potent irreversible aromatase inhibitor that inhibits estrogen biosynthesis by permanently binding and inactivating aromatase in adipose and peripheral tissue. Aromatase is responsible for the conversion of testosterone to estradiol. Blocking aromatase causes the body to decrease in levels of estradiol, which then results in increase of LH and consequently, testosterone. Since testosterone ...


ⓘ Exercise physiology

  • Exercise physiology is the physiology of physical exercise It is one of the allied health professions that involves the study of the acute responses and
  • for women Anaerobic exercise High - intensity interval training Exercise physiology Neurobiological effects of physical exercise Cellular respiration Sharon
  • board - certified exercise physiologists as experts in the application of exercise as medicine to benefit society. As the scientific body of exercise physiology has
  • Anaerobic exercise is physical exercise intense enough to cause lactate to form. It is used by athletes in non - endurance sports to promote strength, speed
  • Joint Tendon Aerobic exercise History Bodybuilding History Exercise History Exercise physiology History Exercise trends Fitness boot camp
  • The Journal of Applied Physiology is a monthly peer - reviewed medical journal of physiology published by the American Physiological Society. The journal
  • of Guelph It is an official journal of the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology and the Canadian Nutrition Society. The journal is abstracted and
  • divided into medical physiology animal physiology plant physiology cell physiology and comparative physiology Central to physiological functioning are
  • study of sports science traditionally incorporates areas of physiology exercise physiology psychology sport psychology anatomy, biomechanics, biochemistry
  • Exercise - induced asthma, or E.I.A., occurs when the airways narrow as a result of exercise The preferred term for this condition is exercise - induced
  • mobility, promoting physiological well - being, reducing surgical risks, and strengthening the immune system. Some studies indicate that exercise may increase
  • order of fuel recruitment. Specifically, exercise physiology dictates that low intensity, long duration exercise provides a larger percentage of fat contribution