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Gymkhana is an Indian term which originally referred to a place of assembly. The meaning then altered to denote a place where skill-based contests were held. "Gymkhana" is an Anglo-Indian expression, which is derived from the Persian word Jamat-khana ". Most gymkhanas have a Gymkhana Club associated with them, a term coined during British Raj for gentlemens club. More generally, gymkhana refers to a social and sporting club in the Indian subcontinent, and in other Asian countries including Malaysia, Thailand, Burma and Singapore, as well as in East Africa. In English-speaking countries out ...

International Association for Sports and Leisure Facilities

The International Association for Sports and Leisure Facilities is a non-profit organization devoted to sports buildings and leisure centres. The IAKS was founded in Cologne in 1965. It is the only non-profit organization concerned globally with the subject of sports facility development and has therefore been awarded the status of Recognized Organization by the International Olympic Committee IOC. The IAKS has about 1.000 members in a current 110 countries with seven sections worldwide. These are Germany, Japan, Latin America/Caribbean, Poland, Russia, Switzerland and Spain status 2016.

Jerusalem Sports Quarter

The Jerusalem Sports Quarter is a sporting facilities complex located in the Malha neighborhood of southwestern Jerusalem, Israel. The complex consists of major venues as well as other supplementary sport, recreation and entertainment facilities.

Mobile bleacher

A mobile bleacher or portable bleacher is a type of bleacher that can be moved to different locations to fulfill a need for temporary or reconfigurable seating. Some units incorporate a built-in hydraulic or electric actuation system for raising and lowering the unit. Highway towable units are available, as well as units designed to be moved within a single venue. In multi-purpose sports venues, seating arrangements must be adapted to suit different sports requirements. In indoor arenas, the activity area may vary from the size of a boxing ring to a football pitch. In outdoor sports, field ...

Modular stadium

A modular stadium or the Legacy Modular Stadium is a sports facility that is constructed of modular components. In contrast to a temporary stadium, modular stadiums are not time-limited constructions, but rather permanent ones. The actual structure is thereby built without the use of concrete. The focus here is on the steel construction. Individual elements are used for modular construction, making it possible to enlarge or downsize even after actual completion. Due to this method, the structures remain flexible, reusable, and when necessary, can be adapted to new requirements with minimal ...

Multi-Use Games Area

A Multi Use Games Area abbreviated MUGA is usually a steel anti vandal outdoor fenced area with built in goal post units for various types of sports games, such as football, basketball or tennis. The outer fencing makes it easier to keep the ball in play. MUGAs are often installed at schools. MUGAs can be supplied in Half court Open one end with one combination goal unit, Full court Fully enclosed with two end goal units and Key area Open single goal end with key line markings. MUGAs are often supplied as ready-made solutions by various manufacturers. Sports MUGAs usually consist of a stee ...

Naming rights

Naming rights are a financial transaction and form of advertising whereby a corporation or other entity purchases the right to name a facility or event, typically for a defined period of time. For properties like a multi-purpose arena, performing arts venue or an athletic field, the term ranges from three to 20 years. Longer terms are more common for higher profile venues such as a professional sports facility. The distinctive characteristic for this type of naming rights is that the buyer gets a marketing property to promote products and services, promote customer retention and/or increas ...

Nosebleed section

In the United States and Canada, the nosebleed section are the seats of a public area, usually an athletic stadium or gymnasium, that are highest and, usually, farthest from the desired activity. A common tongue-in-cheek reference to having seats at the upper tiers of a stadium is "sitting in the nosebleed section," or "nosebleed seats." The reference alludes to the tendency for mountain climbers to suffer nosebleeds at high altitudes. The term appeared in print as early as 1953 when it was used to describe the last row in the end zone at Philadelphias Municipal Stadium later John F. Kenne ...


A palaestra palestra ; Greek: παλαίστρα) was the site of ancient Greek wrestling schools. Events that did not require a lot of space, such as boxing and wrestling, were practised there. The palaestra functioned both independently and as a part of public gymnasia; a palaestra could exist without a gymnasium, but no gymnasium could exist without a palaestra.

Sports complex

A sports complex is a group of sports facilities. For example, there are track and field stadiums, football stadiums, baseball stadiums, swimming pools, and Indoor arenas. This area is a sports complex, for fitness. Olympic Park is also a kind of Entertainment complex. Examples of a sports complexes:


A stadium is a place or venue for outdoor sports, concerts, or other events and consists of a field or stage either partly or completely surrounded by a tiered structure designed to allow spectators to stand or sit and view the event. Pausanias noted that for about half a century the only event at the ancient Greek Olympic festival was the race that comprised one length of the stadion at Olympia, where the word "stadium" originated. Most of the stadiums with a capacity of at least 10.000 are used for association football. Other popular stadium sports include gridiron football, baseball, cr ...

Standing-room only

An event is described as standing room only when it is so well-attended that all of the chairs in the venue are occupied, leaving only flat spaces of pavement or flooring for other attendees to stand, at least those spaces not restricted by occupancy by fire codes for ingress/egress of crowds. Some venues issue standing-room-only tickets for a reduced cost since it can become uncomfortable to stand through the course of an event. However, some fans prefer standing-room-only tickets as the crowds that gather can be more active than people who are sitting down for much of the event. For exam ...

Turf management

Turf management or pitchcare describes the work needed to keep a sporting pitch ready for use. This article looks at the various types of sporting pitches and the type of challenges which they present. The skills needed vary considerably dependent upon the sport and whether or not artificial surfaces are used. Special sets of skills are also needed to care for either sand-based athletic fields or native soil fields.