ⓘ Doping in sport ..

Doping in sport

In competitive sports, doping is the use of banned athletic performance-enhancing drugs by athletic competitors. The term doping is widely used by organizations that regulate sporting competitions. The use of drugs to enhance performance is considered unethical, and therefore prohibited, by most international sports organizations, including the International Olympic Committee. Furthermore, athletes taking explicit measures to evade detection exacerbate the ethical violation with overt deception and cheating. The origins of doping in sports go back to the very creation of sport itself. From ...

Doping in China

China) conducted a state sanctioned doping programme on athletes in the 1980s and 1990s. The majority of revelations of Chinese doping have focused on swimmers. The doping programme has been explained as a by-product of the "open door" policy which saw the rapid expansion within China of modern cultural and technological exchanges with foreign countries. Bioethicist Maxwell J. Mehlman in his 2009 book The Price of Perfection, states that "In effect China has replaced East Germany as the target of Western condemnation of state-sponsored doping". Mehlman quotes an anthropologist as saying th ...

Doping in East Germany

The communist government of the German Democratic Republic conducted a decades long program of coercive administration and distribution of performance-enhancing drugs, initially testosterone, later mainly anabolic drugs to its elite athletes. The aim of this program was to bolster the state image and prestige by winning medals in international competition such as the Olympic games. The East German doping system started in the 1960s. The system was extremely formalised and heavily based on a notion of secrecy. On a performance level the system could be qualified as being successful. East Ge ...

Doping in Russia

Systematic doping in Russian sports has resulted in 47 Olympic and tens of world championships medals being stripped from Russian athletes - the most of any country, more than four times the number of the runner-up, and more than 30% of the global total. Russia also have the most athletes that were caught doping at the Olympic Games, with more than 200. Russian doping is distinct from doping in other countries because of the fact that in Russia steroids are supplied to athletes by the state. Due to widespread doping violations, in 2019 the World Anti-Doping Agency banned Russia from all ma ...

Doping in the United States

Doping, or the use of restricted performance-enhancing drugs in the United States occurs in different sports, most notably in the sports of baseball and football.

Abortion doping

Abortion doping refers to the rumoured practice of purposely inducing pregnancy for athletic performance-enhancing benefits, then aborting the pregnancy. While allegations have been made regarding the practice, there is no proof that it has ever been done.


ⓘ Doping in sport

  • In competitive sports, doping is the use of banned athletic performance - enhancing drugs by athletic competitors. The term doping is widely used by organizations
  • of doping cases in sport A List of doping cases in sport B List of doping cases in sport C List of doping cases in sport D List of doping cases
  • against Doping in Sport is a multilateral UNESCO treaty by which states agree to adopt national measures to prevent and eliminate drug doping in sport States
  • monitoring of the World Anti - Doping Code, whose provisions are enforced by the UNESCO International Convention against Doping in Sport The aims of the Council
  • This is a list of doping in sport cases, or known cases of performance - enhancing substance use by professional athletes. Tennis: on 15 January 2020, it
  • agency s officers had posed as anti - doping authorities from the International Olympic Committee IOC to undermine doping tests and that Soviet athletes were
  • UNESCO International Convention against Doping in Sport the first global international treaty against doping in sport and largely relies on USADA to carry
  • Motor doping or mechanical doping in competitive cycling terminology, is a method of cheating by using a hidden motor to help propel a racing bicycle
  • development of interest in gene doping by athletes and concern about the risks of gene doping and how to detect it moved in parallel with the development
  • to allegations of doping by cyclist Lance Armstrong Drugs in the United States Doping in Sport Doping in Baseball World Anti - Doping Agency WADA f WADA:
  • properties Aircraft dope a lacquer that is applied to fabric - covered aircraft Link doping in search engine optimization Doping in sport the use of drugs
  • 2004 BBC Sport 17 May 2004. Retrieved 19 September 2019. 2001 Doping Cases Report Archived 2010 - 06 - 18 at the Wayback Machine 2008 Doping Cases Report