ⓘ Historical annual reformulations of the influenza vaccine. Since 1999, the World Health Organization has issued annual recommendations for influenza vaccine for ..

                                     

ⓘ Historical annual reformulations of the influenza vaccine

Since 1999, the World Health Organization has issued annual recommendations for influenza vaccine formulations. One reformulation of the influenza vaccine is for the Northern Hemisphere, and the other is for the Southern Hemisphere. Both recommendations are trivalent, i.e. featuring three strains.

Since the 2012–13 season, the WHO recommendations have also included the formulation of an annual quadrivalent vaccine, featuring an additional B-strain.

                                     

1. Northern hemisphere recommended strains

The following is a list of WHO recommended strains for the Northern Hemisphere influenza season. Starting in the 2012-2013 season, the recommendation shifted from a trivalent influenza vaccine TIV containing three strains to a quadrivalent influenza vaccine QIV that contains both influenza B lineages.

                                     
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