ⓘ Public health research ..

Public health observatory

A public health observatory is a public health and wellness project. It uses the word observatory, from astronomy, to emphasize a degree of detachment and objectivity in measuring well-being. Public health, environmental health, diet, recreation, outdoor education, exercise and other concerns are explored by most public health observatories. The London Health Observatory pioneered methods in measuring social capital and how this affects healing and health in general. There was a network of public health observatories, one in each of the nine regions in England; there are also health observ ...

Africa/Harvard School of Public Health Partnership for Cohort Research and Training

The Africa/Harvard School of Public Health Partnership for Cohort Research and Training launched in 2008, is a collaborative research project led by Principal Investigators, Dr. Hans-Olov Adami and Dr. Michelle D. Holmes. Together with research scientists, Dr. Shona Dalal and Dr. Todd G. Reid, this team represents the Harvard Coordinating Site of the Partnership with colleagues from five institutions in Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda. The Africa/HSPH PaCT project plans on investigating the association of lifestyle factors and chronic disease risk in sub- Saharan Africa, throug ...

Demographic surveillance system

In the fields of demographics and public health, a demographic surveillance system, also called a health and demographic surveillance system, gathers longitudinal health and demographic data for a dynamic cohort of the total population in a specified geographic area. An HDSS is created by first executing a census of households in the area as a baseline, followed by regular visits to each household to gather health and demographic data. The cohort is dynamic in that members are added through birth or immigration and members are subtracted through death or emigration. Tracking population mig ...

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey is a survey research program conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States, and to track changes over time. The survey combines interviews, physical examinations and laboratory tests. The NHANES interview includes demographic, socioeconomic, dietary, and health-related questions. The examination component consists of medical, dental, and physiological measurements, as well as laboratory tests administered by medical personnel. The very first ...

National School of Public Health (Spain)

The National School of Public Health of Spain is a public research institution in Madrid in the field of Public Health and Health administration. Founded in 1924 with the support of the League of Nations and the Rockefeller institution, the National School of Public Health is the oldest organization in Spain serving in the field of Public Health research and education. Nowadays, it is part of the Carlos III Health Institute.

Study of Health in Pomerania

The Study of Health in Pomerania is a population-based epidemiological study consisting of two independent cohorts. The SHIP investigates common risk factors, subclinical disorders and manifest diseases with highly innovative non-invasive methods in the high-risk population of northeast Germany. The study is not interested in one specific disease. The SHIP study´s main aims include the investigation of health in all its aspects and complexity involving the collection and assessment of data relevant to the prevalence and incidence of common, population-relevant diseases and their risk factors.

White hat bias

White hat bias is a phrase coined by public health researchers David Allison and Mark Cope to describe a purported "bias leading to the distortion of information in the service of what may be perceived to be righteous ends", which consist of both cherry picking the evidence and publication bias. Allison and Cope explained the motivation behind this bias in terms of "righteous zeal, indignation toward certain aspects of industry", and other factors. The term white hat refers idiomatically to an ethically good person, in this case one who has a righteous goal.