ⓘ Biobanks ..

Biobank

A biobank is a type of biorepository that stores biological samples for use in research. Biobanks have become an important resource in medical research, supporting many types of contemporary research like genomics and personalized medicine. Biobanks can give researchers access to data representing a large number of people. Samples in biobanks and the data derived from those samples can often be used by multiple researchers for cross purpose research studies. For example, many diseases are associated with single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Genome-wide association studies using data from tens ...

Biobank ethics

Biobank ethics refers to the ethics pertaining to all aspects of biobanks. The issues examined in the field of biobank ethics are special cases of clinical research ethics.

Biological specimen

A biological specimen is a biological laboratory specimen held by a biorepository for research. Such a specimen would be taken by sampling so as to be representative of any other specimen taken from the source of the specimen. When biological specimens are stored, ideally they remain equivalent to freshly-collected specimens for the purposes of research. Human biological specimens are stored in a type of biorepository called a biobank, and the science of preserving biological specimens is most active in the field of biobanking.

CARTaGENE biobank

CARTaGENE is a population based cohort based on an ongoing and long-term health study of 40, 000 men and women in Quebec. It is a regional cohort member of the Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow Project. The projects core mandate is to identify the genetic and environmental causes of common chronic diseases affecting the Quebec population. The overall objective from a public health perspective is to develop personalized medicine and public policy initiatives targeting high-risk groups. CARTaGENE is under the scientific direction of Sebastien Jacquemont, M.D., Ekaterini Kritikou, Ph.D. and P ...

Coriell Institute for Medical Research

The Coriell Institute for Medical Research is an independent, non-profit biomedical research center dedicated to the study of the human genome. Coriell features programs in biobanking, personalized medicine, cell biology, cytogenetics, genotyping, and induced pluripotent stem cell science. Located in downtown Camden, New Jersey, the Institute has partnered with several prominent state and national health leaders, including Cooper University Hospital, the Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, the United States Air Force, the University of Pennsylvania, and Stanford University.

Genetic stock center

Genetic stock centers are collections of pure genetic stock available for use in research. They are often housed at research universities, and include everything from single cell life to plants, fish, and small mammals such as mice and rats. Genetic Stock Centers often charge for research stock on a two tier scale, with non profit researchers getting stock at a lower cost than commercial researchers. Dr Myron Gordon, for example, established the Xiphophorus genetic stock center in 1939 to raise pure strains when he realized that certain Xiphophorus hybrids would be useful in cancer researc ...

PATH Biobank

PATH Biobank is a German biobank for breast cancer, established in 2002 from patients for patients. PATH is an independent non-profit foundation with the purpose of supporting breast cancer research with high quality tumor tissue. In order to achieve this goal, PATH operates sample storage tanks with liquid nitrogen at seven German breast centers. Tumor tissue and blood serum from breast cancer patients are stored in these tanks. More than 7200 women have consented to the storage of their tissue since 2004. A centralized database complements the biobank with important patient information. ...

Tissue bank

A tissue bank is an establishment that collects and recovers human cadaver tissue for the purposes of medical research, education, and allograft transplantation. A tissue bank may also refer to a location where biomedical tissue is stored under cryogenic conditions, and is generally used in a more clinical sense. The United States Navy Tissue Bank is generally accepted as the first full tissue banking service of its kind in the world although it is not the largest or only tissue bank today.

Virtual biobank

A virtual biobank is a virtual repository which provides data extracted from and characterizing samples stored at classical biobanks. Virtual biobanks are large databases and can provide high-resolution images of samples as well as other characteristic data. These virtual biobanks can be accessed via specialized software or web portals. Samples are stored in a decentralized manner. The use of virtual biobanks provides access, in the form of pre-collected data, without requiring access to the physical sample. This allows the samples data to be more readily shared without fear of contaminati ...

                                     

ⓘ Biobanks

  • of biobanks Biobanks have provoked questions on privacy, research ethics, and medical ethics. Viewpoints on what constitutes appropriate biobank ethics
  • them in experiments deemed adequate. This page contains a list of biobanks Biobanks can be classified in several ways. Some examples of how they can be
  • of active biobanks and biorepositories Biospecimen Research Network Symposia, a conference on biobank specimens Mayo Clinic on biobanking Short Public
  • virtual biobank is a virtual repository which provides data extracted from and characterizing samples stored at classical biobanks Virtual biobanks are large
  • Biobank ethics refers to the ethics pertaining to all aspects of biobanks The issues examined in the field of biobank ethics are special cases of clinical
  • klinischen Forschung in Deutschland In order to make biobanks more visible in Germany, the German biobank register was established, which is operated by the
  • UK Biobank is a large long - term biobank study in the United Kingdom UK which is investigating the respective contributions of genetic predisposition
  • laws placed on biobanks A biobank is a collection source that stores and manages human specimens. Major federal laws that apply to biobanks are regulations
  • EuroBioBank is an organization which manages a network of biobanks in Europe. It provides human DNA, cell, and tissue samples to the scientific community
  • national FUGE platform, Biobanks for Health, and is now co - chair of Biobank Norway, a national infrastructure for research biobanks She has had core functions
  • disease advocacy organizations in developing new biobanks The founders of the PXE International biobank established GARB to provide a new model for facilitating