ⓘ Health crisis. A health crisis or public health crisis is a difficult situation or complex health system that affects humans in one or more geographic areas, fr ..

                                     

ⓘ Health crisis

A health crisis or public health crisis is a difficult situation or complex health system that affects humans in one or more geographic areas, from a particular locality to encompass the entire planet. Health crises generally have significant impacts on community health, loss of life, and on the economy. They may result from disease, industrial processes or poor policy.

Its severity is often measured by the number of people affected by its geographical extent, or the disease or death of the pathogenic process which it originates.

                                     

1. Features

Generally there are three key components in health crises:

  • Alarm care: Poor communication of risks to the population resulting in social upheaval.
  • Public health problem
  • Problem health coordination
                                     

2. Examples

  • 1905: American meat scandal due to the publishing of Upton Sinclairs book "The Jungle".
  • 1858: Swill milk scandal
  • HIV/AIDS
  • 1963: Birth defects by thalidomide
  • 1981: Toxic oil syndrome or simply toxic syndrome
  • 2001: Anthrax attacks in the United States, also known as Amerithrax
  • 1996: Bovine spongiform encephalopathy BSE, commonly known as mad-cow disease
  • 2006: Cote dIvoire toxic waste dump
  • 2004: Avian influenza H5N1, sometimes avian flu, and commonly bird flu
  • 1998: Doñana disaster, also known as the Aznalcollar Disaster or Guadiamar Disaster
  • 2003: Severe acute respiratory syndrome SARS
  • Trans fat toxicity
  • 2008: The 2008 Chinese milk scandal was a food safety incident in China, involving milk and infant formula, and other food materials and components, adulterated with melamine.
  • Canada listeriosis outbreak and Chile
  • 2007: Lead paint on toys from China
  • Bisphenol A, a toxic substance
  • 2010: Haiti earthquake
  • 2009: Pandemic H1N1/09 Influenza
  • 2011: Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami
  • E. coli O104:H4 outbreak
  • 2019: Wuhan coronavirus outbreak
  • 2015: Zika virus outbreak
  • 2012: Fraud on breast implants Poly Implant Protheses PIP
  • 2014: Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa
                                     

3. Prevention and control

  • Evaluate the previous crisis or others experiences. Crises are challenges that must be learned from both the mistakes and successes, since they serve to bring about to the devices and improve the response to other crises. It is important to perform analysis of previous responses, audit risk and vulnerability, research and testing, and drills to prepare themselves against future crises.
  • Having objectives: "first, to reduce the impact of illness and death, and second, to avoid social fracture".
  • Transparency of the institutions public or private. The perception of crisis can escape the control of experts or health institutions, and be determined by stakeholders to provide solutions propagate or concerned. This requires a difficult balancing of the need to articulate clear answers and the little-founded fears.
  • Using the health warning systems. A health system responsive to the needs of the population is required to refine the instruments to ensure adequate preparation before their hatching.
  • Preparing contingency plans. Preparation is key to the crisis because it allows a strong response, organized, and scientifically based. Action plans must meet the professional early enough and properly trained, and politicians must be consistent in their actions and coordinate all available resources. It is essential to invest in public health resources to prepare preventive measures and reducing health inequalities to minimize the impact of health crises, as they generally always the poorest suffer most.
  • Adequate information policy. Irrationality arise when information is distorted, or hidden. Face a health crisis involves: respect for society, coordination of organizations and an institution with scientific weight to the people and to the media, who acted as spokesman in situations of public health risk, to get confidence citizens. The technical capacity of health professionals is more proven than the public officials, which suggests a greater share of the former and better training of the second.


                                     

4. Bibliography

  • Bashir SA. Home Is Where the Harm Is: Inadequate Housing as a Public Health Crisis. American Journal of Public Health. 2002; 925:733-8.
  • Gross J. The Next Public Health Crisis: Longevity. The New York Times. 2010/10/21.
  • Navarro V. Spain is experiencing a Period of intense Social Crisis. Social Europe Journal. 12/11/2012.
                                     
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  • America s Health Care Crisis Solved: Money - Saving Solutions, Coverage for Everyone is a 2008 book by J. Patrick Rooney and the HSA Coalition President
  • A crisis from the Greek κρίσις - krisis plural: crises adjectival form: critical is any event that is going or is expected to lead to an unstable
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  • A socioeconomic and political crisis that began in Venezuela during the presidency of Hugo Chavez has continued into the presidency of Nicolas Maduro.
  • December 2011. Charity Commission. List of suicide crisis lines, registered charity no. 1110621. Health Promotion CALM web.archive.org. 5 October 2002
  • compensate for the high demand placed on college mental health services. These hotlines serve callers in crisis but also serve to provide a listening ear for
  • Information Centre of Health Crisis Centre of Health Finance and Insurance Centre of Health Determinant Analysis Centre of Hajj Health The expert staff of
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