ⓘ Idiopathic diseases ..

Idiopathic disease

An idiopathic disease is any disease with an unknown cause or mechanism of apparent spontaneous origin. From Greek ἴδιος idios "ones own" and πάθος pathos "suffering", idiopathy means approximately "a disease of its own kind". For some medical conditions, one or more causes are somewhat understood, but in a certain percentage of people with the condition, the cause may not be readily apparent or characterized. In these cases, the origin of the condition is said to be idiopathic. With some other medical conditions, the root cause for a large percentage of all cases have not been established ...

Alabama rot

Alabama rot or cutaneous and renal glomerular vasculopathy is an often fatal condition in dogs. It was first identified in the US in the 1980s in greyhounds. The initial symptoms are skin lesions on the legs, chest and abdomen followed by renal involvement. In November 2012 the first cases were suspected in the UK. In January 2014, the outbreak in England was identified as having the same or similar histological and clinical findings as Alabama rot, though this could not be classified as Alabama Rot as the histological results from the UK lacked the relation to E. coli that was present in ...

Condylar resorption

Condylar resorption, also called idiopathic condylar resorption, ICR, and condylysis, is a temporomandibular joint disorder in which one or both of the mandibular condyles are broken down in a bone resorption process. This disorder is nine times more likely to be present in females than males, and is more common among teenagers.


Dermatomyositis is a long-term inflammatory disorder which affects muscles. Its symptoms are generally a skin rash and worsening muscle weakness over time. These may occur suddenly or develop over months. Other symptoms may include weight loss, fever, lung inflammation, or light sensitivity. Complications may include calcium deposits in muscles or skin. The cause is unknown. Theories include that it is an autoimmune disease or a result of a viral infection. It is a type of inflammatory myopathy. Diagnosis is typically based on some combination of symptoms, blood tests, electromyography, an ...

Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis

Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis is a condition characterized by abnormal calcification/bone formation of the soft tissues surrounding the joints of the spine, and also the peripheral or appendicular skeleton. In the spine, there is bone formation along the anterior longitudinal ligament and sometimes the posterior longitudinal ligament, which may lead to partial or complete fusion of adjacent spinal levels. The facet and sacroiliac joints tend to be uninvolved. The thoracic spine is the most common level involved. In the peripheral skeleton, DISH manifests as a calcific enthesopat ...

Generalized arterial calcification of infancy

GACI - Pronounced "GACK-EE" Generalized arterial calcification of infancy GACI is an extremely rare, genetic disorder. It is caused by mutations in the ENPP1 gene in 75% of the subjects or in mutations in the ABCC6 genes in 10% of patients. However, sometimes individuals affected with GACI do not have mutations in the ENPP1 or ABCC6 gene and in those cases the cause of the disorder is unknown. The condition usually affects infants during the first 6 months of life. This condition is inherited as an autosomal recessive pattern. It is characterized by generalized calcification of the arteria ...


ⓘ Idiopathic diseases

  • cases are deemed idiopathic Advances in medical science improve the study of causes of diseases and the classification of diseases thus, regarding any
  • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis DISH is a condition characterized by abnormal calcification bone formation hyperostosis of the soft tissues
  • Idiopathic interstitial pneumonia IIP or noninfectious pneumonia are a class of diffuse lung diseases These diseases typically affect the pulmonary
  • Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis IPF is a type of chronic scarring lung disease characterized by a progressive and irreversible decline in lung function
  • Idiopathic giant - cell myocarditis IGCM is a cardiovascular disease of the muscle of the heart myocardium The condition is rare however, it is often
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis JIA is the most common form of arthritis in children and adolescents. Juvenile, in this context, refers to an onset before
  • Systemic - onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis or the juvenile onset form of Still s disease is a type of juvenile idiopathic arthritis JIA with extra - articular
  • Idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease iMCD is a subtype of Castleman disease also known as giant lymph node hyperplasia, lymphoid hamartoma, or
  • Idiopathic orbital inflammatory IOI disease refers to a marginated mass - like enhancing soft tissue involving any area of the orbit. It is the most
  • Idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia ICL is a rare medical syndrome in which the body has too few CD4 T lymphocytes, which are a kind of white blood cell