ⓘ Hemispheres of Earth. In geography and cartography, the hemispheres of Earth refer to any division of the globe into two hemispheres. The most common such divis ..

                                     

ⓘ Hemispheres of Earth

In geography and cartography, the hemispheres of Earth refer to any division of the globe into two hemispheres.

The most common such divisions are by latitudinal or longitudinal markers:

  • Southern Hemisphere, the half that lies south of the Equator
  • North–South
  • Northern Hemisphere, the half that lies north of the Equator
  • Western Hemisphere, the half that lies west of the prime meridian and east of the 180th meridian
  • Eastern Hemisphere, the half that lies east of the prime meridian and west of the 180th meridian
  • East–West

The East–West division can also be seen in a cultural sense, as a division into two cultural hemispheres.

However, other schemes have sought to divide the planet in a way that maximizes the preponderance of one geographic feature or another in each division:

  • Water Hemisphere, the hemisphere on Earth containing the largest area of water
  • Land Hemisphere, the hemisphere on Earth containing the largest possible area of land
  • Land–Water

Earth may also be split into hemispheres of day and night by the terrestrial terminator.