ⓘ Analogy ..

Structure-mapping theory

Structure-mapping theory is a theory of analogical reasoning, developed by Dedre Gentner, and for which she was awarded the 2016 David E. Rumelhart Prize for Contributions to the Theoretical Foundations of Human Cognition.

Aeroacoustic analogy

Acoustic analogies are applied mostly in numerical aeroacoustics to reduce aeroacoustic sound sources to simple emitter types. They are therefore often also referred to as aeroacoustic analogies. In general, aeroacoustic analogies are derived from the compressible Navier–Stokes equations NSE. The compressible NSE are rearranged into various forms of the inhomogeneous acoustic wave equation. Within these equations, source terms describe the acoustic sources. They consist of pressure and speed fluctuation as well as stress tensor and force terms. Approximations are introduced to make the sou ...

Analogical modeling

Analogical modeling is a formal theory of exemplar based analogical reasoning, proposed by Royal Skousen, professor of Linguistics and English language at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. It is applicable to language modeling and other categorization tasks. Analogical modeling is related to connectionism and nearest neighbor approaches, in that it is data-based rather than abstraction-based; but it is distinguished by its ability to cope with imperfect datasets and to base predictions on all relevant segments of the dataset, whether near or far. In language modeling, AM has success ...

Analogical models

Analogical models are a method of representing a phenomenon of the world, often called the "target system" by another, more understandable or analysable system. They are also called dynamical analogies. Two open systems have analog representations see illustration if they are black box isomorphic systems.

Case-based evidence

Case-based evidence is a scientific method based on the supposition that certain human behavioural patterns, also including basic attitudes and stances, and with particular reference to the acceptance of systems, technical devices and procedures, can be transferred from a series of given problems, the analogical sources, to another, current problem, the analogical target. The term "case-based evidence" and the procedure described in the following was first used and coined in work carried out by the Information Management Institute of the Aschaffenburg University of Applied Sciences. in 2009.

Chilton and Colburn J-factor analogy

Chilton–Colburn J-factor analogy is a successful and widely used analogy between heat, momentum, and mass transfer. The basic mechanisms and mathematics of heat, mass, and momentum transport are essentially the same. Among many analogies developed to directly relate heat transfer coefficients, mass transfer coefficients, and friction factors Chilton and Colburn J-factor analogy proved to be the most accurate. It is written as follows, J M = f 2 = J H = h c p G P r 2 3 = J D = k c ′ v ¯ ⋅ S c 2 3 {\displaystyle J_{M}={\frac {f}{2}}=J_{H}={\frac {h}{c_{p}\,G}}\,{Pr}^{\frac {2}{3}}=J_{D}={\fr ...

                                     

ⓘ Analogy

  • Argument from analogy is a special type of inductive argument, whereby perceived similarities are used as a basis to infer some further similarity that
  • Mechanical electrical analogies are the representation of mechanical systems as electrical networks. At first, such analogies were used in reverse to
  • The mobility analogy also called admittance analogy or Firestone analogy is a method of representing a mechanical system by an analogous electrical system
  • Acoustic analogies are applied mostly in numerical aeroacoustics to reduce aeroacoustic sound sources to simple emitter types. They are therefore often
  • The impedance analogy is a method of representing a mechanical system by an analogous electrical system. The advantage of doing this is that there is
  • electronic hydraulic analogy derisively referred to as the drain - pipe theory by Oliver Lodge is the most widely used analogy for electron fluid in
  • The elastic membrane analogy also known as the soap - film analogy was first published by pioneering aerodynamicist Ludwig Prandtl in 1903. It describes
  • figurative analogy is a comparison about two things that are not alike but share only some common property. On the other hand, a literal analogy is about
  • The analogy of the sun or simile of the sun or metaphor of the sun is found in the sixth book of The Republic 507b 509c written by the Greek philosopher
  • There are several formal analogies that can be made between electricity, which is invisible to the eye, and more familiar physical behaviors, such as
  • The Black Cat Analogy is an analogy accounting for the differences, mainly between science and religion, but also between others, such as philosophy