ⓘ Lobotomy ..


A lobotomy, or leucotomy, is a form of psychosurgery, a neurosurgical treatment of a mental disorder that involves severing connections in the brains prefrontal cortex. Most of the connections to and from the prefrontal cortex, the anterior part of the frontal lobes of the brain, are severed. It was used for psychiatric and occasionally other conditions as a mainstream procedure in some Western countries for more than two decades, despite general recognition of frequent and serious side effects. While some people experienced symptomatic improvement with the operation, the improvements were ...

Gottlieb Burckhardt

Johann Gottlieb Burckhardt was a Swiss psychiatrist and the medical director of a small mental hospital in the Swiss canton of Neuchatel. He is commonly regarded as having performed the first modern psychosurgical operation. Born in Basel, Switzerland, he trained as doctor at the Universities of Basel, Gottingen and Berlin, receiving his medical doctorate in 1860. In the same year he took up a teaching post in the University of Basel and established a private practice in his hometown. He married in 1863 but the following year he was diagnosed with tuberculosis and gave up his practice and ...

Chelmsford Royal Commission

The Royal Commission into Mental Health Services, more commonly known as the Chelmsford Royal Commission, was a royal commission in the Australian state of New South Wales, chaired by Justice John Patrick Slattery. Established by the Government of New South Wales ostensibly to investigate mental health services in the state, the royal commission came about only after prominent Sydney radio and television shows pressured the newly elected Health Minister, Peter Collins, to make good his promises for a Royal Commission. Originally, its prime focus was to have been psychosurgery at the NSW Ne ...

History of psychosurgery in the United Kingdom

Psychosurgery is a surgical operation that destroys brain tissue in order to alleviate the symptoms of mental disorder. The lesions are usually, but not always, made in the frontal lobes. Tissue may be destroyed by cutting, burning, freezing, electric current or radiation. The first systematic attempt at psychosurgery is commonly attributed to the Swiss psychiatrist Gottlieb Burckhardt who operated on six patients in 1888. In 1889 Thomas Claye Shaw reported mental improvement in a case of General Paralysis of the Insane after a neurosurgical intervention. This led to a lively debate in the ...


A leucotome or McKenzie Leucotome is a surgical instrument used for performing leucotomies and other forms of psychosurgery. Invented by Canadian neurosurgeon Dr. Kenneth G. McKenzie in the 1940s, the leucotome has a narrow shaft which is inserted into the brain through a hole in the skull, and then a plunger on the back of the leucotome is depressed to extend a wire loop or metal strip into the brain. The leucotome is then rotated, cutting a core of brain tissue. This type was used by the Nobel prize-winning Portuguese neurologist Egas Moniz. Another, different, surgical instrument also c ...


An orbitoclast is a surgical instrument used for performing transorbital lobotomies. It was invented by Dr. Walter Freeman in 1948 to replace the unique form of leucotome used up until that point for the transorbital lobotomy procedure. This instrument is, essentially, an ice pick with some gradation marks etched onto the shaft. The operation involved placing the pick behind the eye socket of the patient and breaking through the thin layer of bone found there by applying a hammer to the end of the pick and driving the instrument into the frontal lobes. The pick would then be swung medially ...


Psychosurgery, also called neurosurgery for mental disorder, is the neurosurgical treatment of mental disorder. Psychosurgery has always been a controversial medical field. The modern history of psychosurgery begins in the 1880s under the Swiss psychiatrist Gottlieb Burckhardt. The first significant foray into psychosurgery in the twentieth century was conducted by the Portuguese neurologist Egas Moniz who during the mid-1930s developed the operation known as leucotomy. The practice was enthusiastically taken up in the United States by the neuropsychiatrist Walter Freeman and the neurosurg ...

Teenage Lobotomy

Teenage Lobotomy" is a song by the American punk rock band Ramones. It was released on their 1977 album Rocket to Russia, and became one of their most popular songs. The songs lyrics are about a teenager who had a lobotomy because of the brain damage caused by overexposure to DDT. The lyrics also outline how this procedure can cause serious consequences to the brain, with the line "Gonna get my Ph.D, Im a teenage lobotomy." The composition features more complex melodies than that of other songs from the album, with the albums engineer Ed Stasium proclaiming it to be a "mini-Ramones Symphon ...


ⓘ Lobotomy

  • A lobotomy or leucotomy, is a form of psychosurgery, a neurosurgical treatment of a mental disorder that involves severing connections in the brain s
  • Lobotomy Software, Inc. was an American video game developer which ported Quake and Duke Nukem 3D to the Sega Saturn and developed PowerSlave titled Exhumed
  • Teenage Lobotomy is a song by the American punk rock band Ramones. It was released on their 1977 album Rocket to Russia, and became one of their most
  • November 30, 1948 is one of the youngest recipients of the transorbital lobotomy a procedure performed on him when he was 12 years old. Dully received
  • Subconscious Lobotomy is the debut album of Swedish death metal band Centinex. The album was received with generally positive reviews. The original cd
  • the standard prefrontal procedure and named their operative technique lobotomy although the operation was called leucotomy in the United Kingdom. In
  • 14, 1895 May 31, 1972 was an American physician who specialized in lobotomy Walter J. Freeman was born on November 14, 1895, and raised in Philadelphia
  • the lobotomy Watts and Freeman wrote two books on lobotomies Psychosurgery, Intelligence, Emotion and Social Behavior Following Prefrontal Lobotomy for
  • Lobotomy Corporation is a South Korean indie strategy horror game produced by Project Moon and released on April 9, 2018. The premise is that the player
  • to these and other difficulties, Kennedy s father arranged a prefrontal lobotomy for Kennedy in 1941 when she was 23 years of age. The procedure failed
  • competitive multiplayer, 2D artillery game developed by Ezra Dreisbach of Lobotomy Software. Influenced by Scorched Earth, the gameplay is real - time instead