ⓘ Medeiros e Albuquerque. Jose Joaquim de Campos da Costa de Medeiros e Albuquerque was a Brazilian poet, politician, teacher, journalist, short story writer, civ ..

                                     

ⓘ Medeiros e Albuquerque

Jose Joaquim de Campos da Costa de Medeiros e Albuquerque was a Brazilian poet, politician, teacher, journalist, short story writer, civil servant, essayist, orator, novelist and dramatist. He is famous for writing the lyrics of the Brazilian Republic Anthem in 1890.

He founded and occupied the 22nd chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters from 1897 until his death in 1934.

He was also the President of the Academy in 1923.

                                     

1. Life

Albuquerque was born in 1867 in Recife, Pernambuco, the son of Dr. Jose Joaquim de Campos de Medeiros e Albuquerque. Initially homeschooled by his mother, he studied at the Colegio Pedro II and later in Lisbon. Returning to Brazil, he studied natural history with Emil Goeldi and was tutored by Silvio Romero. He initially worked as a primary teacher, getting in contact with famous writers such as Francisco de Paula Ney and Pardal Mallet. In 1889 he published his first poetry books: Pecados and Canções da Decadência, of strong Symbolist influence.

In 1888 he worked for the newspaper Novidades alongside Alcindo Guanabara, defending Abolitionist ideals. With the proclamation of the Republic in Brazil, he was nominated a secretary by Aristides Lobo and a minister by Benjamin Constant Botelho de Magalhães. From 1890 onwards he became a teacher for the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes and wrote the lyrics of the Brazilian Republic Anthem.

He was a convicted atheist for most of his life, but he converted to catholicism later in life.

During his last years of life, he would write for many newspapers, using pen names such as Armando Quevedo, Atasius Noll, J. dos Santos, Max and Rifiufio Singapura.

He died in 1934.

                                     

2. Works

Poetry

  • Fim 1922
  • Quando Eu Falava de Amor 1933
  • Poesias 1893 - 1901 1904
  • Poemas Sem Versos 1924
  • Pecados 1889
  • Canções da Decadência 1889

Short stories

  • Mãe Tapuia 1900
  • Segredo Conjugal co-authorship - 1934
  • Contos Escolhidos 1907
  • Se Eu Fosse Sherlock Holmes 1932
  • Surpresas 1934
  • O Assassinato do General 1926
  • O Umbigo de Adão 1932
  • Um Homem Pratico 1898

Novels

  • Misterio co-authorship - 1921
  • Laura 1933
  • Marta 1920

Essays and conferences

  • Graves e Futeis 1922
  • O Silêncio de Ouro 1912
  • Homens e Coisas da Academia 1934
  • Paginas de Critica 1920
  • Pontos de Vista 1913
  • Literatura Alheia 1914
  • Em Voz Alta 1909
  • A Obra de Julio Dantas n.d.
  • O Hipnotismo 1921

Memoirs and travel accounts

  • Minha Vida: Da Infancia à Mocidade 1867 - 1893 1933
  • Por Alheias Terras. 1931
  • Minha Vida: Da Mocidade à Velhice 1893 - 1934