ⓘ List of megafauna discovered in modern times. The following is a list of megafauna discovered by science since the beginning of the 19th century. Some of these ..


ⓘ List of megafauna discovered in modern times

The following is a list of megafauna discovered by science since the beginning of the 19th century. Some of these may have been known to native peoples or reported anecdotally but had not been generally acknowledged as confirmed by the scientific world, until conclusive evidence was obtained for formal studies. In other cases, certain animals were initially considered hoaxes - similar to the initial reception of mounted specimens of the duck-billed platypus Ornithorhynchus anatinus in late 18th-century Europe.

The definition of megafauna varies, but this list includes some of the more notable examples.


1. Megafauna previously unknown from the fossil record

  • Seven-arm octopus Haliphron atlanticus 1861
  • Giant forest hog Hylochoerus meinertzhageni 1904
  • Colossal squid Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni 1925
  • Kouprey Bos sauveli 1937
  • Mountain tapir Tapirus pinchaque 1829
  • Mountain Gorilla beringei 1902
  • Bigfin squid several in the genus Magnapinna 1998
  • Mountain nyala Tragelaphus buxtoni 1910
  • Mountain anoa Bubalus quarlesi 1910
  • Omuras whale Balaenoptera omurai 2003
  • Kabomani tapir Tapirus kabomani 2013
  • Red kangaroo Macropus rufus 1822
  • Lowland anoa Bubalus depressicornis 1827
  • Megamouth shark Megachasma pelagios 1976
  • Tapanuli orangutan Pongo tapanuliensis 2017
  • Giant muntjac Megamuntiacus vuquangensis 1994
  • Malayan tapir Tapirus indicus 1819
  • Northern cassowary Casuarius unappendiculatus 1860
  • Varanus salvadorii 1878
  • Bonobo Pan paniscus 1928
  • Western grey kangaroo Macropus fuliginosus 1817
  • Saola / Vu Quang ox Pseudoryx nghetinhensis 1992
  • Myanmar snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus strykeri 2010
  • Komodo dragon Varanus komodoensis 1910
  • New unnamed species of hammerhead shark 2004
  • Bairds tapir Tapirus bairdii 1865

2. Megafauna initially believed to have been fictitious or hoaxes

  • Hoan Kiem turtle Rafetus leloii 1967
  • Przewalskis horse Equus ferus przewalskii 1881 - current wild population descended from zoo breeding since 1945
  • Grizzly–polar bear hybrid 2006
  • Giant squid Architeuthis dux 1878 first photographed alive in natural habitat in 2004
  • Okapi Okapia johnstoni 1901

3. Status unclear

  • Sumatran muntjac Muntiacus montanus 1918
  • Giant peccary Pecari maximus 2007
  • Nangchen horse 1993
  • Riwoche horse 1995 Horses previously unknown to the outside world, resembling horses depicted in cave paintings, was found in a remote valley in Tibet
  • olingo. List of mammals List of mammals described in the 21st century List of megafauna discovered in modern times Shrews and moles described in the 2000s
  • In terrestrial zoology, the megafauna from Greek μέγας megas large and New Latin fauna animal life comprises the large or giant animals of an area
  • horse. Tibetan pony Riwoche horse List of megafauna discovered in modern times Peissel, Michel. Reserve on the roof of the world Geographical, April
  • Cryptozoology Legendary creature List of cryptozoologists Lists of legendary creatures List of megafauna discovered in modern times List of urban legends Hill, Sharon
  • Australian megafauna comprises a number of large animal species in Australia, often defined as species with body mass estimates of greater than 45 kg
  • of megafauna including a rare white - lipped deer, as well as what is believed to be the source of the Mekong river. List of megafauna discovered in modern
  • corresponding loss of dung is what led to low nutrient levels in modern - day soil and therefore is why the landscape can no longer support megafauna It may be
  • includes the disappearance of large land animals known as megafauna starting at the end of the last Ice Age. Megafauna outside of the African continent
  • Field, Judith November 2006 A review of the evidence for a human role in the extinction of Australian megafauna and an alternative interpretation. doi: 10