ⓘ Meliorism is an idea in metaphysical thinking holding that progress is a real concept leading to an improvement of the world. It holds that humans can, through ..

                                     

ⓘ Meliorism

Meliorism is an idea in metaphysical thinking holding that progress is a real concept leading to an improvement of the world. It holds that humans can, through their interference with processes that would otherwise be natural, produce an outcome which is an improvement over the aforementioned natural one.

Meliorism, as a conception of the person and society, is at the foundation of contemporary liberal democracy and human rights and is a basic component of liberalism.

Another important understanding of the meliorist tradition comes from the American Pragmatic tradition. One can read about it in the works of Lester Frank Ward, William James, and John Dewey. In James works, however, meliorism does not pinpoint to progressivism and/or optimism. For James meliorism stands in the middle between optimism and pessimism, and treats the salvation of the world as a probability rather than a certainty or impossibility.

Meliorism has also been used by Arthur Caplan to describe positions in bioethics that are in favor of ameliorating conditions which cause suffering, even if the conditions have long existed e.g. being in favor of cures for common diseases, being in favor of serious anti-aging therapies as they are developed.

A closely related concept discussed by Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Marquis de Condorcet is that of perfectibility of man.

Condorcets statement, "Such is the object of the work I have undertaken; the result of which will be to show, from reasoning and from facts, that no bounds have been fixed to the improvement of the human faculties; that the perfectibility of man is absolutely indefinite; that the progress of this perfectibility, henceforth above the control of every power that would impede it, has no other limit than the duration of the globe upon which nature has placed us." anticipates James meliorism.

Rousseaus treatment is somewhat weaker.

                                     
  • Meliorism was a wing of the Italian Communist Party. Its leader was Giorgio Napolitano, and counted among its number Gerardo Chiaromonte and Emanuele
  • knowledge and self disciple to meet the community s needs. Scientific Meliorism and the Evolution of Happiness 1885 Margaret Dunsmore: or a socialist
  • life - - Mechanism philosophy - - Meditations on First Philosophy - - Meliorism - - Melissus of Samos - - Mental representation - - Meta - ontology - - Metametaphysics
  • philosophy in its futuristic setting. Futures studies Holism Omega Point Meliorism Negentropy Posthuman Proactionary Principle Sustainability Systems philosophy
  • was the philosopher Jane Hume Clapperton who had published Scientific Meliorism and the Evolution of Happiness in 1885. Their father was a farmer and
  • book, The New Democracy 1912 was a classic statement of democratic meliorism revealing his path to a future of progress and modernization based on
  • doctrine of humanism, in Gray s view, is the inherently utopian belief in meliorism that is, that humans are not limited by their biological natures and
  • Classical liberalism Ethnocentrism Great man theory Idea of Progress Meliorism Moral progress Philosophic Whigs Precursorism Predestination Presentism
  • utopian movements, calling instead for a focus on incrementalism and meliorism However, in an article from The Financial Times on the possibility of