ⓘ Outline of culture. The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to culture: Culture – set of patterns of human activity within a commu ..

                                     

ⓘ Outline of culture

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to culture:

Culture – set of patterns of human activity within a community or social group and the symbolic structures that give significance to such activity. Customs, laws, dress, architectural style, social standards, religious beliefs, and traditions are all examples of cultural elements. Since 2010, Culture is considered the Fourth Pillar of Sustainable Development by UNESCO. More: Agenda 21 for Culture or in short Culture 21.

                                     

1. Cultural groups

  • People – plurality of persons considered as a whole, as is the case with an ethnic group or nation. Collectively, for example, the contemporary Frisians and Danes are two related Germanic peoples, while various Middle Eastern ethnic groups are often linguistically categorized as the Semitic people. See the list of contemporary ethnic groups for more examples.
  • Community – social unit of any size that shares common values. Communities range in size and scope from neighborhoods to national communities to international communities. They can be physical face-to-face or virtual on-line.
  • Ethnic group – socially defined category of people who identify with each other based on common ancestral, social, cultural or national experience. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage, ancestry, origin myth, history, homeland, language and/or dialect, symbolic systems such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing style, physical appearance, etc.
  • Society – group of people involved in persistent interpersonal relationships, or a large social grouping sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. Human societies are characterized by patterns of relationships social relations between individuals who share a distinctive culture and institutions; a given society may be described as the sum total of such relationships among its constituent members.
  • Civilization – any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification, symbolic communication forms typically, writing systems, and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.
                                     

2. Elements of culture

  • Chocolate – raw or processed food produced from the seed of the tropical Theobroma cacao tree.
  • Food preparation – act of preparing foodstuffs for eating. It encompasses a vast range of methods, tools, and combinations of ingredients to improve the flavour and digestibility of food.
  • Food and drink
  • Gastronomy – the art and science of good eating, including the study of food and culture.
  • Clothing – Fashion, Jewelry
  • Cuisines – a cuisine is a specific set of cooking traditions and practices, often associated with a specific culture.
  • The arts – vast subdivision of culture, composed of many creative endeavors and disciplines. The arts encompasses visual arts, literary arts and the performing arts.
  • Wine – alcoholic beverage, made of fermented fruit juice, usually from grapes.
  • Literature – the art of written works.
  • Critical theory – examination and critique of society and culture, drawing from knowledge across the social sciences and humanities.
  • Childrens literature – stories, books, and poems for children.
  • Fiction – any form of narrative which deals, in part or in whole, with events that are not factual, but rather, imaginary and invented by its authors. See below.
  • Non-fiction – form of any narrative, account, or other communicative work whose assertions and descriptions are understood to be factual.
  • Poetry – literary art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its apparent meaning.
  • Circus – performance of a company of clowns, acrobats, trained animals, trapeze artists, musicians, hoopers, tightrope walkers, jugglers, unicyclists and other object-manipulating and stunt-oriented artists, and a ringmaster.
  • Comedy – any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or to amuse by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film and stand-up comedy.
  • Performing arts – those forms of art that use the artists own body, face, and presence as a medium.
  • Stand-up comedy – performance by a comedian in front of a live audience, usually speaking directly to them.
  • Film – moving pictures, the art form that records performances visually.
  • Jazz – musical style that originated at the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States, mixing African and European music traditions.
  • Dance – art form of movement of the body, usually rhythmic and to music, used as a form of expression, social interaction, or presented in a spiritual or performance setting.
  • Music – art form the medium of which is sound and silence.
  • Theatre – collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place.
  • Music genres
  • Opera – art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text called a libretto and musical score.
  • Musical instruments – devices created or adapted for the purpose of making musical sounds.
  • Guitars – the guitar is a plucked string instrument, usually played with fingers or a pick. The guitar consists of a body with a rigid neck to which the strings, generally six in number, are attached. Guitars are traditionally constructed of various woods and strung with animal gut or, more recently, with either nylon or steel strings.
  • Stagecraft – technical aspects of theatrical, film, and video production. It includes, but is not limited to, constructing and rigging scenery, hanging and focusing of lighting, design and procurement of costumes, makeup, procurement of props, stage management, and recording and mixing of sound.
  • Visual arts – art forms that create works which are primarily visual in nature.
  • Architecture – The art and science of designing and erecting buildings and other physical structures.
  • Classical architecture – architecture of classical antiquity and later architectural styles influenced by it.
  • Painting – practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a surface with a brush or other object.
  • History of painting
  • Film – moving pictures.
  • Crafts – recreational activities and hobbies that involve making things with ones hands and skill.
  • Drawing – visual art that makes use of any number of drawing instruments to mark a two-dimensional medium.
  • Design – the process for planning the overall look of an object
  • Photography – art, science, and practice of creating pictures by recording radiation on a radiation-sensitive medium, such as a photographic film, or electronic image sensors.
  • Sculpture – three-dimensional artwork created by shaping or combining hard materials - typically stone such as marble - or metal, glass, or wood.
  • Fantasy – genre of fiction using magic and the supernatural as primary elements of plot, theme or setting, often in imaginary worlds, generally avoiding the technical/scientific content typical of Science fiction, but overlapping with it
  • Middle-earth – fantasy setting by writer J.R.R. Tolkien, home to hobbits, orcs, and many other mystical races and creatures.
  • Fiction – any form of narrative which deals, in part or in whole, with events that are not factual, but rather, imaginary and invented by its authors.
  • James Bond – fictional character created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming. Since then, the character has grown to icon status, featured in many novels, movies, video games and other media.
  • Entertainment – any activity which provides a diversion or permits people to amuse themselves in their leisure time. Entertainment is generally passive, such as watching opera or a movie.
  • Science fiction – a genre of fiction dealing with imaginary but more or less plausible or at least nonsupernatural content such as future settings, futuristic science and technology, space travel, aliens, and paranormal abilities. Exploring the consequences of scientific innovations is one purpose of science fiction, making it a "literature of ideas."
  • Board games
  • Games – structured playing, usually undertaken for enjoyment, involving goals, rules, challenge, and interaction.
  • Chess – two-player board game played on a chessboard, a square-checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid. Each player begins the game with sixteen pieces: One king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns.
  • Card games
  • Poker – family of card games that share betting rules and usually but not always hand rankings.
  • Video games – electronic games that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device.
  • Basketball – team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules.
  • Performing arts – those forms of art that use the artists own body, face, and presence as a medium. See above.
  • Sports – organized, competitive, entertaining, and skillful activity requiring commitment, strategy, and fair play, in which a winner can be defined by objective means. Generally speaking, a sport is a game based in physical athleticism.
  • Ball games
  • Tennis – sport usually played between two players singles or between two teams of two players each doubles, using specialized racquets to strike a felt-covered hollow rubber ball over a net into the opponents court.
  • Baseball – bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each. The aim is to score runs by hitting a thrown ball with a bat and touching a series of four bases arranged at the corners of a ninety-foot diamond.
  • Martial arts – extensive systems of codified practices and traditions of combat, practiced for a variety of reasons, including self-defense, competition, physical health and fitness, as well as mental and spiritual development.
  • Fencing – family of combat sports using bladed weapons.
  • Canoeing and kayaking – two closely related forms of watercraft paddling, involving manually propelling and navigating specialized boats called canoes and kayaks using a blade that is joined to a shaft, known as a paddle, in the water.
  • Combat sports
  • Motorcycling – riding a motorcycle. A variety of subcultures and lifestyles have been built up around motorcycling and motorcycle racing.
  • Cycling sport – bicycle racing and track cycling.
  • Running – moving rapidly on foot, during which both feet are off the ground at regular intervals.
  • Humanities – academic disciplines that study the human condition, using methods that are primarily analytical, critical, or speculative, as distinguished from the mainly empirical approaches of the natural sciences.
  • Area studies – comprehensive interdisciplinary research and academic study of the people and communities of particular regions. Disciplines applied include history, political science, sociology, cultural studies, languages, geography, literature, and related disciplines.
  • Sinology – study of China and things related to China, such as its classical language and literature.
  • Classical studies – branch of the Humanities comprising the languages, literature, philosophy, history, art, archaeology and all other cultural elements of the ancient Mediterranean world Bronze Age ca. BC 3000 – Late Antiquity ca. AD 300–600; especially Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome.
  • Mass media – diversified media technologies and their content that are intended to reach a large audience by mass communication. Includes radio and television programming; mass publishing of books, magazines, and newspapers; web content; and films and audio recordings.
  • Celebration –
  • Tradition – belief or behavior passed down within a group or society with symbolic meaning or special significance with origins in the past. Common examples include holidays or impractical but socially meaningful clothes like lawyer wigs or military officer spurs, but the idea has also been applied to social norms such as greetings.
  • Festivals – entertainment events centering on and celebrating a unique aspect of a community, usually staged by that community.
  • Lists of tourist attractions
  • Tourist attraction – place of interest where tourists visit, typically for its inherent or exhibited natural or cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, offering leisure, adventure and amusement.
  • Tourism – travel for recreational, leisure, or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes." Tourism is important, and in some cases, vital for many countries. It was recognized in the Manila Declaration on World Tourism of 1980 as "an activity essential to the life of nations because of its direct effects on the social, cultural, educational, and economic sectors of national societies and on their international relations."
                                     

3. Types of cultures

  • Organizational culture – behaviour of humans within an organization and the meaning that people attach to those behaviors. An organizations culture includes its vision, values, norms, systems, countries, symbols, language, assumptions, beliefs, and habits.
                                     

3.1. Types of cultures Cultures by aspect

  • High context culture – a culture with the tendency use high context messages, resulting in catering towards in-groups
  • Participatory culture – a culture in which private persons the public do not act as consumers only, but also as contributors or producers prosumers
  • Low context culture – culture with a tendency not to cater towards in-groups
  • Consumer culture – a society based on consumerism
  • Permission culture – a society in which copyright restrictions are pervasive and enforced to the extent that any and all uses of copyrighted works need to be explicitly leased
  • Traditional culture – a community that chooses to remain focused on subsistence as a major cornerstone of their economic behavior, as well as, adheres to their ancestral belief-systems and mannerism.
  • Remix culture – a society which allows and encourages derivative works
                                     

3.2. Types of cultures Cultural cross-sections

  • Childrens culture – cultural phenomena pertaining to children
  • Childrens street culture – cumulative culture created by young children
  • Animal culture – cultural phenomena pertaining to animals
  • Civic political culture –
  • High culture – transcendent in two ways: internationally and timeless
  • Coffee culture – social atmosphere or series of associated social behaviors that depends heavily upon coffee, particularly as a social lubricant
  • Dominant culture – the established language, religion, behavior, values, rituals, and social customs of a society
  • Folk culture Folklore – traditional culture; traditional cultural traits of a community
  • Low culture – non-transcendent; not worth studying or researching
  • DIY culture – refers to a wide range of elements in non-mainstream society, such as grassroots political and social activism, independent music, art, and film
  • Cyberculture – cultural phenomena pertaining to cyberspace
  • Drinking culture – the customs and practices of people who drink alcoholic beverages
  • Political culture –
  • Official culture –
  • Culture of capitalism – the lifestyle of the people living within a capitalist society, and the effects of a global or national capitalist economy on a population
  • Print culture –
  • Trash culture –
  • Tea culture –
  • Urban culture –
  • Popular culture – totality of ideas, perspectives, attitudes, memes, images and other phenomena that permeate the everyday lives of a given society, especially those heavily influenced by mass media.
  • Safety culture – the way in which safety is managed in the workplace, which often reflects "the attitudes, beliefs, perceptions and values that employees share in relation to safety."
  • Vernacular culture –


                                     

3.3. Types of cultures Specific subcultures

  • Cycling subculture – a culture that supports, encourages, and has high bicycle usage
  • Ethical culture –
  • Video game culture –
  • Deaf culture – social beliefs, behaviors, art, literary traditions, history, values and shared institutions of communities that are affected by deafness and which use sign languages as the main means of communication. When used as a cultural label, the word "deaf" is often written with a capital D, and referred to as "big D Deaf" in speech and sign.
  • Surf culture –
  • Modern juggling culture –
  • Horse culture – a community whose day-to-day life revolves around the herding and breeding of horses
  • LGBT culture –
  • Gun culture –
  • Association football culture –


                                     

4. Academic disciplines that study culture

  • Anthropology
  • Cultural anthropology – branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation.
  • Archaeology – history studies in the physical aspects or artefacts of cultures.
  • Culture-historical archaeology
  • Sociocultural evolution
  • Cultural neuroscience
  • Sociobiology
  • Biology
  • Social neuroscience
  • Cultural history – academic discipline that combines the approaches of anthropology and history to look at popular cultural traditions and cultural interpretations of historical experience. It examines the records and narrative descriptions of past knowledge, customs, and arts of a group of people.
  • Popular culture studies – generally considered a combination of communication studies and cultural studies, it analyzes popular culture from a critical theory perspective.
  • Ethnic studies
  • Cultural studies – academic discipline that studies the forces from which the whole of humankind construct their daily lives. It seeks to understand the ways in which meaning is generated and disseminated through practices, beliefs, and political, economic, or social structures within a given culture.
  • Cultural psychology
  • Psychology
  • Human geography – social science that studies the world, its people, communities, and cultures with an emphasis on relations of and across space and place.
  • Culture theory – seeks to define the heuristic concept of culture in operational and/or scientific terms.
  • Evolutionary psychology
  • Culturology – social science concerned with the scientific understanding, description, analysis and prediction of cultural activities.
  • Philosophy of culture –
  • Sociology of culture
  • Sociology – scientific study of human society. The traditional focuses of sociology have include social stratification, social class, culture, social mobility, religion, secularization, law, and deviance.
  • Visual culture –
  • Sound culture – interdisciplinary field which considers "the material production and consumption of music, sound, noise and silence, and how these have changed throughout history and within different societies, but does this from a much broader perspective than standard disciplines."


                                     

5. Cultures of the world

Cultures by political divisions of the World

arranged by continent or major geopolitical region

Culture of Antarctica

  • No political divisions, just some scattered outposts

Cultures of the South America

  • Culture of Saint Helena
  • Culture of Ascension Island
  • Culture of Tristan da Cunha
                                     

5.1. Cultures of the world Cultures by ethnicity or ethnic sphere

  • Latin American culture –
  • Western culture –
  • English-speaking world –
  • Anglo America –
  • African-American culture –
  • Tibetan culture –
  • Arab culture –
  • Sinosphere –
  • Islamic culture –
  • Indosphere –
                                     

5.2. Cultures of the world Cultures of continents and major geopolitical regions

non-continents are italicized
  • Culture of Australia
  • Culture of Europe
  • Culture of Asia
  • Culture of Antarctica
  • Culture of North America
  • Culture of Africa
  • Culture of Oceania
  • Culture of South America
                                     

5.3. Cultures of the world Cultures by political divisions of the World

arranged by continent or major geopolitical region

                                     

5.4. Cultures of the world Cultures of Africa

Culture of Africa

  • Culture of Ghana
  • Culture of Liberia
  • Culture of Cape Verde
  • West Africa
  • Culture of Ivory Coast
  • Culture of Mali
  • Culture of Sierra Leone
  • Culture of Senegal
  • Culture of Benin
  • Culture of Nigeria
  • Culture of Guinea-Bissau
  • Culture of Mauritania
  • Culture of Niger
  • Culture of the Gambia
  • Culture of Guinea
  • Culture of Burkina Faso
  • Culture of Togo
  • Culture of Sudan
  • Culture of Mauritania
  • Culture of Egypt
  • Culture of Libya
  • Culture of Western Sahara
  • North Africa
  • Culture of Tunisia
  • Culture of Morocco
  • Culture of Algeria
  • Culture of Burundi
  • Culture of the Central African Republic
  • Culture of Rwanda
  • Culture of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Culture of Gabon
  • Culture of São Tome and Principe
  • Culture of the Republic of the Congo
  • Central Africa
  • Culture of Cameroon
  • Culture of Chad
  • Culture of Angola
  • Culture of Equatorial Guinea
  • Culture of Djibouti
  • Culture of Uganda
  • Culture of Zimbabwe
  • Culture of South Sudan
  • Culture of Rwanda
  • Culture of Tanzania
  • Culture of Eritrea
  • Culture of Kenya
  • Culture of Madagascar
  • Culture of Comoros
  • Culture of Seychelles
  • Culture of Ethiopia
  • Culture of Mozambique
  • Culture of Somalia
  • Culture of Zambia
  • East Africa
  • Culture of Mauritius
  • Culture of Burundi
  • Culture of Malawi
  • Culture of South Africa
  • Culture of Botswana
  • Culture of Lesotho
  • Culture of Namibia
  • Southern Africa
  • Culture of Swaziland
  • Dependencies in Africa
  • Culture of Madeira Portugal
  • Culture of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
  • Culture of the Canary Islands Spain
  • Culture of the British Indian Ocean Territory UK
  • Culture of Somaliland
  • Culture of Socotra Yemen
  • Culture of Mayotte France
  • Culture of Ceuta Spain
  • Culture of Saint Helena UK
  • Culture of Melilla Spain
  • Culture of Reunion France
  • Culture of Puntland


                                     

5.5. Cultures of the world Cultures of Asia

Culture of Asia

  • Central Asia
  • Culture of Kazakhstan
  • Culture of Kyrgyzstan
  • Culture of Tajikistan
  • Culture of Uzbekistan
  • Culture of Turkmenistan
  • Culture of China
  • Culture of Hong Kong
  • Special Administrative regions of China
  • East Asia
  • Culture of Macau
  • Culture of Tibet
  • Culture of North Korea
  • Culture of Taiwan
  • Culture of South Korea
  • Culture of Japan
  • Culture of Mongolia
  • North Asia
  • Culture of Russia
  • Culture of Cambodia
  • Culture of Thailand
  • Southeast Asia
  • Culture of East Timor
  • Culture of Burma
  • Culture of the Philippines
  • Culture of Indonesia
  • Culture of Brunei
  • Culture of Laos
  • Culture of Singapore
  • Culture of Vietnam
  • Culture of Malaysia
  • Culture of India
  • Culture of Bhutan
  • Culture of Bangladesh
  • Culture of Nepal
  • Culture of Afghanistan
  • Culture of Iran
  • Culture of Pakistan
  • Culture of Maldives
  • Culture of Sri Lanka
  • South Asia
  • Culture of Azerbaijan
  • Culture of Cyprus
  • Culture of Northern Cyprus
  • West Asia
  • Culture of Armenia
  • Culture of Bahrain
  • Culture of Iraq
  • Culture of Georgia
  • Culture of Oman
  • Culture of Turkey
  • Culture of Yemen
  • Culture of Syria
  • Culture of Kuwait
  • Culture of the United Arab Emirates
  • Culture of Israel
  • Culture of Qatar
  • Culture of Lebanon
  • Culture of Jordan
  • Culture of Saudi Arabia
  • Culture of Palestine


                                     

5.6. Cultures of the world Cultures of the Caucasus

a region considered to be in both Asia and Europe, or between them

  • Culture of Stavropol Krai
  • Culture of Dagestan
  • Culture of Adyghea
  • Parts of Russia
  • Culture of Ingushetia
  • Culture of Kabardino-Balkaria
  • Culture of North Ossetia
  • Culture of Krasnodar Krai
  • Culture of Karachay–Cherkessia
  • North Caucasus
  • Culture of Chechnya
  • South Caucasus
  • Culture of Georgia
  • Culture of South Ossetia
  • Culture of Abkhazia
  • Culture of Azerbaijan
  • Culture of Armenia
  • Culture of Nagorno-Karabakh
                                     

5.7. Cultures of the world Cultures of Europe

Culture of Europe

  • Culture of Estonia
  • Culture of Malta
  • Culture of Jersey
  • Culture of Akrotiri and Dhekelia
  • Culture of Luxembourg
  • Culture of Italy
  • Culture of Germany
  • Culture of Moldova
  • Culture of Azerbaijan
  • Culture of Iceland
  • Culture of Andorra
  • Culture of France
  • Culture of Bulgaria
  • Culture of Croatia
  • Culture of Denmark
  • Culture of Kosovo
  • Culture of Albania
  • Culture of Georgia
  • Culture of the Faroe Islands
  • Culture of Gibraltar
  • Culture of Liechtenstein
  • Culture of the Isle of Man
  • Culture of Armenia
  • Culture of Belgium
  • Culture of Latvia
  • Culture of Greece
  • Culture of Belarus
  • Culture of Åland
  • Culture of the Czech Republic
  • Culture of Lithuania
  • Culture of Transnistria
  • Culture of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Culture of Cyprus
  • Culture of Guernsey
  • Culture of Kazakhstan
  • Culture of Finland
  • Culture of the Republic of Ireland
  • Culture of Hungary
  • Culture of Austria
  • Culture of Spain
  • Culture of Scotland
  • Culture of Russia
  • Culture of Portugal
  • Culture of Slovakia
  • Culture of the Netherlands
  • Culture of Switzerland
  • Culture of Norway
  • Culture of San Marino
  • Culture of Slovenia
  • Culture of Sweden
  • Culture of Serbia
  • Culture of the United Kingdom
  • Culture of Montenegro
  • Culture of Svalbard
  • Culture of North Macedonia
  • Culture of Turkey
  • Culture of Northern Ireland
  • Culture of Romania
  • Culture of Wales
  • Culture of England
  • Culture of Ukraine
  • Culture of Monaco
  • Culture of Poland
  • Culture of Vatican City
  • Culture of the European Union
                                     

5.8. Cultures of the world Cultures of North America

Culture of North America

  • Culture of Nova Scotia
  • Culture of Quebec
  • Culture of Manitoba
  • Culture of Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Culture of Alberta
  • Culture of Saskatchewan
  • Culture of British Columbia
  • Culture of Canada
  • Culture of Prince Edward Island
  • Culture of New Brunswick
  • Culture of Ontario
  • Culture of Connecticut
  • Culture of Kentucky
  • Culture of South Dakota
  • Culture of Alaska
  • Culture of Tennessee
  • Culture of Georgia
  • Culture of Oklahoma
  • Culture of Maine
  • Culture of the United States
  • Culture of Delaware
  • Culture of Iowa
  • Culture of Oregon
  • Culture of New Hampshire
  • Culture of Louisiana
  • Culture of Arkansas
  • Culture of Greenland
  • Culture of Ohio
  • Culture of New York
  • Culture of Rhode Island
  • Culture of Massachusetts
  • Culture of New Jersey
  • Culture of Utah
  • Culture of Washington
  • Culture of Missouri
  • Culture of Washington, D.C.
  • Culture of Colorado
  • Culture of Montana
  • Culture of New Mexico
  • Culture of Pennsylvania
  • Culture of Michigan
  • Culture of California
  • Culture of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  • Culture of South Carolina
  • Culture of Wisconsin
  • Culture of Mississippi
  • Culture of Indiana
  • Culture of Idaho
  • Culture of Minnesota
  • Culture of North Carolina
  • Culture of Florida
  • Culture of Mexico
  • Culture of Illinois
  • Culture of Arizona
  • Culture of North Dakota
  • Culture of Nebraska
  • Culture of Kansas
  • Culture of West Virginia
  • Culture of Maryland
  • Culture of Hawaii
  • Culture of Alabama
  • Culture of Vermont
  • Culture of Virginia
  • Culture of Texas
  • Culture of Nevada
  • Culture of Wyoming
  • Culture of Nicaragua
  • Culture of El Salvador
  • Culture of Costa Rica
  • Culture of Panama
  • Culture of Belize
  • Culture of Honduras
  • Culture of Guatemala
  • Central America
  • Culture of the Dominican Republic
  • Culture of the Bahamas
  • Culture of the Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Culture of Montserrat
  • Culture of Jamaica
  • Culture of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Culture of Saint Lucia
  • Culture of Haiti
  • Culture of the British Virgin Islands
  • Culture of Saint Martin
  • Culture of Guadeloupe
  • Culture of the United States Virgin Islands
  • Culture of Puerto Rico
  • Culture of Barbados
  • Culture of the Netherlands Antilles
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago
  • Culture of Anguilla
  • Culture of Aruba
  • Caribbean
  • Culture of Grenada
  • Culture of Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Culture of Antigua and Barbuda
  • Culture of Martinique
  • Culture of Cuba
  • Culture of Navassa Island
  • Culture of Saint Barthelemy
  • Culture of the Cayman Islands
  • Culture of Dominica
  • Culture of Bermuda
                                     

5.9. Cultures of the world Cultures of Oceania

Culture of Oceania

  • Dependencies/Territories of Australia
  • Culture of Norfolk Island
  • Australasia
  • Culture of the Cocos Keeling Islands
  • Culture of Australia
  • Culture of Christmas Island
  • Culture of Kiribati
  • Culture of Fiji
  • Culture of Indonesia
  • Culture of Tokelau NZ
  • Culture of Nauru
  • Culture of Wake Island USA
  • Culture of the Cook Islands NZ
  • Polynesia
  • Culture of the Chatham Islands NZ
  • Culture of Adamstown
  • Culture of the Northern Mariana Islands USA
  • Culture of Samoa
  • Micronesia
  • Culture of French Polynesia France
  • Melanesia
  • Culture of Palau
  • Culture of New Zealand
  • Culture of the Solomon Islands
  • Culture of the Marshall Islands
  • Culture of Easter Island Chile
  • Culture of the Pitcairn Islands UK
  • Culture of Hawaii USA
  • Culture of Papua New Guinea
  • Culture of American Samoa USA
  • Culture of Niue NZ
  • Culture of Vanuatu
  • Culture of Tuvalu
  • Culture of New Caledonia France
  • Culture of Guam USA
  • Culture of the Loyalty Islands France
  • Culture of the Federated States of Micronesia
  • Culture of Wallis and Futuna France
  • Culture of Tonga
                                     

5.10. Cultures of the world Cultures of South America

Culture of South America

  • Culture of Suriname
  • Culture of Paraguay
  • Culture of the Falkland Islands
  • Culture of French Guiana
  • Culture of Colombia
  • Culture of Argentina
  • Culture of Uruguay
  • Culture of Guyana
  • Culture of Venezuela
  • Culture of Brazil
  • Culture of Ecuador
  • Culture of Chile
  • Culture of Peru
  • Culture of Bolivia
                                     

5.11. Cultures of the world Cultures of the South America

  • Culture of Saint Helena
  • Culture of Ascension Island
  • Culture of Tristan da Cunha
                                     

6. History of culture

By region

  • History of Russian culture
  • History of Lithuanian culture
  • Cultural history of the United States
  • Cultural history of Taiwan

By subject

  • World War II in contemporary culture
  • Medieval maritime culture
  • Earth in culture

Historical cultures

  • Vinca culture
  • Clovis culture
  • Culture of ancient Greece
  • Culture of ancient Rus
  • Mississippian culture
  • Culture of ancient China
  • Culture of ancient Rome
  • Human sacrifice in Aztec culture
                                     

7. Politics of culture

  • The arts and politics – as they respond to contemporaneous events and politics, the arts take on political as well as social dimensions, becoming themselves a focus of controversy and even a force of political as well as social change.
  • Official culture –
  • Culture change –
  • Culture of life –
  • Culture minister –
  • Political culture –
  • Culture of fear –
                                     

8. Sociology of culture

  • High culture –
  • Death and culture –
  • Urban culture –
  • Cultural phenomenon –
  • Emotions and Culture –
  • Cultural dissonance –
  • Culture assimilators –
  • Symbolic culture –
  • Trash culture –
  • Culture note –
  • Culture theory –
  • Cultural universals –
  • Cultural movement –
  • Culture hero –
  • Culture of poverty –
  • Culture speculation –
  • Ethnocentrism –
  • Cross-cultural communication –
  • Social fact –
  • Cultural system –
  • Right to science and culture –
  • Culture shock –
  • Transformation of culture –
  • Cultural evolution –
  • Culture war –
  • Demographics –
  • Third culture kid –
  • Culture clash
  • Intercultural competence –
  • Counterculture –
  • Cultural icon –
  • Cultural imperialism –
  • Culture gap –
  • Animal culture –
  • Constructed culture –
  • Culture industry –
  • Low culture –
  • Cultural bias –