ⓘ Quality use of medicines. The term Quality use of medicines is used by the Australian government as part of their policies on effective and correct uses of medi ..

                                     

ⓘ Quality use of medicines

The term Quality use of medicines is used by the Australian government as part of their policies on effective and correct uses of medicine and access to appropriate medicines.

                                     

1. Guiding Principles

Quality Use of Medicines abbreviated to QUM is one of the four policy pillars in the Australian Government’s National Medicines Policy first developed in 2000, and involves the safe and judicious use of medicines by the general public.

In the documentation of the National Medicines Policy, the four tenets of Quality Use of Medicines involve medicines being used:

  • Safely, minimising misuse and abuse
  • Judiciously, using medicines only after considering all other options
  • Appropriately, choosing a medicine after appraisal of factors including risk-benefit analysis, treatment length and cost
  • Efficaciously, having a quantifiable benefit to the patient’s health and/or quality of life

Quality Use of Medicines is primarily a patient-oriented movement, with the documentation stressing the importance of patient-professional communication along with patient knowledge and understanding their medicines. The term has begun to enter consumer-oriented Australian media in both journalistic and corporate contexts, while the concepts are becoming increasingly central to general pharmaceutical practice.

                                     

2. Implementation

In the 1997-1998 Australian federal budget, the Government allocated funds towards creation of the National Prescribing Service NPS MedicineWise, a body tasked with undertaking and promoting Quality Use of Medicines work. The organisation’s services such as the Medicine Name Finder and Medicines Line are the most apparent representations of governmental QUM policy at work. Medicines Line, for example, provides a hotline for patients to call with questions about their medicines, furthering the QUM goal of ensuring medicine safety through improved patient knowledge.

The Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee PBAC provides advice and recommendations on whether or not to include medicines on Australia’s Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme PBS. The PBAC takes a number of QUM-related factors into account, including those not traditionally looked at by doctors like cost-effectiveness, course length and alternative therapies. The body has been praised for its improvements to the PBS system, most particularly in the area of cost-effectiveness.

                                     
  • The European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines HealthCare EDQM is a Directorate of the Council of Europe that traces its origins and statutes
  • Australian Medicines Handbook AMH is a peer - reviewed medicines prescribing guide for Australian health professionals. The handbook is available in paper
  • The WHO Model List of Essential Medicines EML published by the World Health Organization WHO contains the medications considered to be most effective
  • to address issues around Quality Use of Medicines QUM NPS Medicine Wise initial mandate was to reduce cost of medicines to Australia s Pharmaceutical
  • Evidence - based medicine EBM is an approach to medical practice intended to optimize decision - making by emphasizing the use of evidence from well - designed
  • the Medicines Control Agency MCA took over control of the General Practice Research Database GPRD from Office for National Statistics. Medicines Control
  • practices of using unrefined plant or animal extracts as unproven medicines or health - promoting agents. Paraherbalism differs from plant - derived medicines in
  • European Medicines Agency or National Institute for Clinical Excellence. Additionally, health - related quality of life research may be used as the final
  • quality and safety, and rational use of drugs. Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines Essential medicines WHO Model List of Essential Medicines EDM s
  • right The terms quality assurance and quality control are often used interchangeably to refer to ways of ensuring the quality of a service or product
  • The quality - adjusted life year or quality - adjusted life - year QALY is a generic measure of disease burden, including both the quality and the quantity