ⓘ Chinese poetry forms ..

Ci (poetry)

Ci is a type of lyric poetry in the tradition of Classical Chinese poetry. Ci use a set of poetic meters derived from a base set of certain patterns, in fixed-rhythm, fixed-tone, and variable line-length formal types, or model examples. The rhythmic and tonal pattern of the ci are based upon certain, definitive musical song tunes. They are also known as Changduanju and Shiyu. As a rule, the number of characters in each line and the arrangement of tones is determined by one of around 800 set patterns, each associated with a particular title, called cipai 詞牌. They were originally written t ...

Fonqhwang Hairpin

Fonqhwang Hairpin, titled Ci, is a type of lyric poetry in the Classical Chinese poetry tradition. It was originally called The Ci of Picking Followers, Cutting Red Followers, Picking Red Followers, or Dividing Hairpin Sadly. Picking Followers-Strong Wind) comes from Guujin Tsyr huah) and is considered the standard form. The most famous Fonqhwang Hairpin was written by Lu You.

Gushi (poetry)

Gushi is one of the main poetry forms defined in Classical Chinese poetry, literally meaning "old poetry" or "old style poetry": gushi is a technical term for certain historically exemplary poems, together with later poetry composed in this formal style.


Jueju, or Chinese quatrain, is a type of jintishi that grew popular among Chinese poets in the Tang Dynasty, although traceable to earlier origins. Jueju poems are always quatrains, or, more specifically, a matched pair of couplets, with each line consisting of five or seven syllables. Five-syllable form is called wujue Chinese: 五絕, Pinyin: Wŭjue and semolina form qijue Chinese: 七絕, Pinyin: Qījue.

Modern Chinese poetry

Modern Chinese poetry, including New poetry, refers to post Qing Dynasty Chinese poetry, including the modern vernacular style of poetry increasingly common with the New Culture and 4 May 1919 movements, with the development of experimental styles such as "free verse", but, also including twentieth and twenty-first century continuations or revivals of Classical Chinese poetry forms. Some modern Chinese poetry represents major new and modern developments in the poetry of one of the worlds larger areas, as well as other important areas sharing this linguistic affinity. One of the first write ...

Regulated verse

Regulated verse – also known as Jintishi – is a development within Classical Chinese poetry of the shi main formal type. Regulated verse is one of the most important of all Classical Chinese poetry types. Although often regarded as a Tang Dynasty innovation, the origin of regulated verse within the Classical Chinese poetic tradition is associated with Shen Yue, based on his "four tones and eight defects" theory regarding tonality. There are three types of regulated verse: the eight-lined lushi, the four-lined jueju, and the linked couplets of indeterminate length pailu. All regulated verse ...


Sanqu is a fixed-rhythm form of Classical Chinese poetry or "literary song". Specifically sanqu is a subtype of the qu formal type of poetry. Sanqu was a notable Chinese poetic form, possibly beginning in the Jin dynasty, but especially associated with the Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties. The tonal patterns modeled on tunes drawn from folk songs or other music.

Shi (poetry)

Shi and shih are romanizations of the character 詩 or 诗, the Chinese word for all poetry generally and across all languages. Western analysis of the styles of Chinese poetry, Shi is also used as a term for a specific poetic tradition, modeled after the old Chinese works collected in the Confucian classic of poetry. This anthology included both aristocratic poems "hymns" and "eulogies", and more in country work is considered to be derived from Huaxia folk song "ode". They are ancient Chinese, mostly in four-character lines. As a result of such analysis, Shi "poetry is contrasted with other ...


Yuefu are Chinese poems composed in a folk song style. The term originally literally meant "Music Bureau", a reference to the imperial Chinese governmental organization originally charged with collecting or writing the lyrics, later the term yuefu was applied to later literary imitations or adaptations of the Music Bureaus poems. The use of fu in yuefu is different from the other Chinese term fu that refers to a type of poetry or literature: although homonyms in English, the other fu is a rhapsodic poetry/prose form of literature. The term yuefu original folk songs, court imitations and ve ...