ⓘ List of countries by ecological footprint. This is a list of countries by ecological footprint. The table is based on data spanning from 1961 to 2013 from the G ..


ⓘ List of countries by ecological footprint

This is a list of countries by ecological footprint. The table is based on data spanning from 1961 to 2013 from the Global Footprint Networks National Footprint Accounts published in 2016. Numbers are given in global hectares per capita. The world-average ecological footprint in 2016 was 2.75 global hectares per person. With a world-average biocapacity of 1.63 global hectares per person, this leads to a global ecological deficit of 1.1 global hectares per person.

For humanity, having a footprint smaller than the planets biocapacity is a necessary condition for sustainability. After all, ecological overuse is only possible temporarily. A country that consumes more than 1.73 gha per person has a resource demand that is not sustainable world-wide. Countries with a footprint below 1.73 gha per person might not be sustainable. The quality of the footprint may still lead to ecological destruction. If a country does not have enough ecological resources within its own territory to cover its populations footprint, then it runs an ecological deficit and the country is termed an ecological debtor. Otherwise, it has an ecological reserve and it is called a creditor.


1. Countries and Regions

This table below is based on 2012 results National Footprint Accounts edition 2016. The latest edition 2019 is available on Global Footprint Networks website at. Note that this list contains only 188 countries, covering most of the countries with more than one million inhabitants.

*Assumes that biocapacity and ecological footprint per person will not change when population changes.

  • The ecological footprint measures human demand on nature, i.e., the quantity of nature it takes to support people or an economy. It tracks this demand
  • ecological footprint The carbon footprint is one part of the ecological footprint The carbon part was popularized by a large campaign of BP in 2005
  • capacity of the Earth. List of countries by ecological footprint Global Footprint Network Global Hectare Human population Carrying Capacity Ecological reserve
  • the global position of different countries around the world, which shows a linear relation between GDP PPP and ecological footprint in 2007. According
  • HPI List of countries by ecological footprint Sustainable Society Index SSI The Global 100 G100 List of countries by freshwater withdrawal List of countries
  • is from The Ecological Footprint Atlas 2010, based on 2007 figures, produced by the Global Footprint Network. Countries with populations of under one million
  • scores to nations with lower ecological footprints The index is designed to challenge well - established indices of countries development, such as the gross
  • under Professor William Rees, he created with Professor Rees the ecological footprint concept and developed the methodology. He has worked on sustainability
  • Ecological economics, also known as bioeconomics of Georgescu - Roegen, ecolonomy, or eco - economics, is both a transdisciplinary and an interdisciplinary