ⓘ Mytishchi is a city and the administrative center of Mytishchinsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, which lies to the northeast of Russias capital Moscow, on ..

                                     

ⓘ Mytishchi

Mytishchi is a city and the administrative center of Mytishchinsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, which lies to the northeast of Russias capital Moscow, on the Yauza River and the Moscow–Yaroslavl railway. Population: 173.160.

                                     

1. Climate

Mytishchi has humid continental climate, same as Moscow, but usually few degrees colder especially at night due to significantly lesser impact of urban heat island. The city features long, cold winters with temperatures as low as −25 °C −13 °F to −30 °C −22 °F occurring every winter and a record low of −43 °C −45 °F), and short, warm to hot summers with a record high of 38 °C 100 °F and temperatures reaching 30 °C 86 °F every summer).

  • January daily mean: −10 °C 14 °F; average maximum: −7 °C 19 °F; average minimum: −13 °C 9 °F
  • July daily mean: 19 °C 66 °F; average maximum: 24 °C 75 °F; average minimum: 14 °C 57 °F
                                     

2. History

The first settlement of ancient hunters and fishermen in this location is dated to the 6th–8th millennia BCE, i.e. in the late Stone Age. In the 8th–9th centuries, first Slavic tribes Vyatichi and Krivichs began settling here. In and around Mytishchinsky District about a dozen of such settlements from the 11th–13th centuries have been discovered.

The modern settlement has been known since 1460 and since the 19th century it has been known as Bolshiye Mytishchi Большие Мытищи. Its history is closely linked to the Yauzsky port. Mytishchi was an important place on the trade ship route. Through this site commercial ships had been hauled across on wheels, rollers, or skids from the Yauza River to the Klyazma River. Merchants had to pay a duty for this. The settlement got its name thanks to the duty, which had been known as myt мыт.

In the mid-19th century, the population was 389. Town status was granted to Mytishchi in 1925.

                                     

3. Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Mytishchi serves as the administrative center of Mytishchinsky District. As an administrative division, it is, together with twenty-four rural localities, incorporated within Mytishchinsky District as the Town of Mytishchi. As a municipal division, the Town of Mytishchi is incorporated within Mytishchinsky Municipal District as Mytishchi Urban Settlement.

                                     

4. Architecture

Mytishchi is famous for its aqueduct, built in the 18th century by the order of Catherine the Great. It was the first water supply constructed in Russia to provide the Kremlin with pure water.

                                     

5. Culture

Mass Media

There are three local TV channels: "Our Mytishchi" - the channel that belongs to the town, "The first Mytishchinsky", and "TV Mytishchi" on the TV channel of Moscow region 360° - district television.

Theatres

There is Ognivo puppet theatre, FEST drama and comedy theatre and youth theater Domoy Homewards.