ⓘ Notion, philosophy. A notion in philosophy is a reflection in the mind of real objects and phenomena in their essential features and relations. Notions are usua ..


ⓘ Notion (philosophy)

A notion in philosophy is a reflection in the mind of real objects and phenomena in their essential features and relations. Notions are usually described in terms of scope and content. This is because notions are often created in response to empirical observations of covarying trends among variables.

Notion is the common translation for Begriff as used by Hegel in his Science of Logic 1816.


1. Primitive notion

A primitive notion is used in logic or mathematics as an undefined term or concept at the foundation of an axiomatic system to be constructed.

However, in philosophy the term "primitive notion" has historical content. For example, Gottfried Leibniz wrote De Alphabeto Cogitationum Humanarum English: An Alphabet for Human Thought. Jaap Maat 2004 reviewed Leibniz for Philosophical Languages of the 17th Century. According to Leibniz, "The alphabet of human thought is a catalogue of primitive notions, or those we cannot render clearer by any definitions." Maat explains, "a thing which is known without other intermediate notions can be considered to be primitive," and further, "a primitive notion is said to be conceived through itself".

Another example is in the Meditations of Rene Descartes:

I think that there are certain primitive notions in us which are like originals. There are very few such notions. For apart from the most general notions of being, number, duration, etc which apply to everything that we can conceive, we have only the notion of extension that is specifically for the body, and from that flow the notions of shape and movement; and for the soul on its own we have only the concept of thought, which includes perceptions of the understanding and inclinations of the will. Finally, for the body and soul together, we have only the concept of their union, on which depends the notion of the souls power to move the body and the bodys power to act on the soul by causing its sensations and passions.

claim that mind-body unity is a primitive notion on a par with the primitive notions of thinking and extended substance."

  • Notion may refer to: Notion ancient city a Greek city - state on the west coast of Anatolia Notion philosophy a reflection in the mind of real objects
  • In mathematics, logic, philosophy and formal systems, a primitive notion is a concept that is not defined in terms of previously defined concepts. It
  • In philosophy identity, from Latin: identitas sameness is the relation each thing bears only to itself. The notion of identity gives rise to many
  • Postanalytic philosophy may also be known as post - philosophy a term used by Rorty, to emphasize the notion that the project of philosophy as conceived
  • Korean philosophy focused on a totality of world view. Some aspects of Shamanism, Buddhism, and Neo - Confucianism were integrated into Korean philosophy Traditional
  • 20th - century philosophy saw the development of a number of new philosophical schools - including logical positivism, analytic philosophy phenomenology
  • social and political philosophy that advocated peasant utopian communalism and egalitarianism. The philosophy is founded on the notion that human society
  • In analytic philosophy philosophy of language investigates the nature of language, the relations between language, language users, and the world. Investigations
  • Modern philosophy is philosophy developed in the modern era and associated with modernity. It is not a specific doctrine or school and thus should not
  • Natural philosophy or philosophy of nature from Latin philosophia naturalis was the philosophical study of nature and the physical universe that was
  • expanding the notion of analytic philosophy from the specific programs that dominated anglophone philosophy before 1960 to a much more general notion of an
  • eds. Philosophy in History Cambridge University Press, 1984 p. 125: Literary, philosophical, and historical studies often rely on a notion of what