ⓘ Archival science ..

Archival science

Archival science, or archival studies, is the study and theory of building and curating archives, which are collections of documents, recordings and data storage devices. To build and curate an archive, one must acquire and evaluate recorded materials, and be able to access them later. To this end, archival science seeks to improve methods for appraising, storing, preserving, and cataloging recorded materials. An archival record preserves data that is not intended to change. In order to be of value to society, archives must be trustworthy. Therefore, an archivist has a responsibility to au ...

Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules

Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules were an international library cataloging standard. First published in 1967 and edited by C. Sumner Spalding, a second edition edited by Michael Gorman and Paul W. Winkler was issued in 1978, with subsequent revisions appearing in 1988 and 1998; all updates ceased in 2005. Published jointly by the American Library Association, the Canadian Library Association, and the UK Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals, the rules were designed for the construction of library catalogs and similar bibliographic tools. The rules cover the physical d ...

American Archivist

The American Archivist is a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal and the official publication of the Society of American Archivists. It covers theoretical and practical developments in archival science, particularly in North America. The journal contains essays, case studies, perspectives, and reviews of recent books and web resources. Contents are freely available to the public, except for the six most recent issues, which are viewable only to subscribers and society members. Online supplements are published irregularly and without access restrictions. Authors retain copyright of their ...

Aperture card

An aperture card is a type of punched card with a cut-out window into which a chip of microfilm is mounted. Such a card is used for archiving for making multiple inexpensive copies of a document for ease of distribution. The card is typically punched with machine-readable metadata associated with the microfilm image, and printed across the top of the card for visual identification; it may also be punched by hand in the form of an edge-notched card. The microfilm chip is most commonly 35mm in height, and contains an optically reduced image, usually of some type of reference document, such a ...

Archival appraisal

Appraisal, in the context of archival science and archive administration, is a process usually conducted by a member of the record-holding institution in which a body of records is examined to determine its value for that institution. It also involves determining how long this value will last. The activity is one of the central tasks of an archivist to determine archival value of specific records. When it occurs prior to acquisition, the appraisal process involves assessing records for inclusion in the archives. In connection with an institutions collecting policy, appraisal "represents a ...

Archival bond

The archival bond is a concept in archival theory referring to the relationship that each archival record has with the other records produced as part of the same transaction or activity and located within the same grouping. These bonds are a core component of each individual record and are necessary for transforming a document into a record, as a document will only acquire meaning through its interrelationships with other records.


ⓘ Archival science

  • Archival science or archival studies, is the study and theory of building and curating archives which are collections of documents, recordings and data
  • In library and archival science preservation is a set of activities aimed at prolonging the life of a record, book, or object while making as few changes
  • concern. The term inherent vice is used in law as well as in library and archival science One legal definition of inherent vice is an exclusion found in most
  • England after 1066 developed archives and archival research methods. The Swiss developed archival systems after 1450. Modern archival thinking has many roots
  • to an archive A person engaging in this activity is known as an archival processor, archival technician, or archivist. Ideally, when an archives receives
  • Domestic Archives Отечественные архивы is a peer - reviewed academic journal of archival science published in Russia. It was published as Архивное дело
  • archival science cognitive science commerce, law, linguistics, museology, management, mathematics, philosophy, public policy, and social sciences
  • Appraisal, in the context of archival science and archive administration, is a process usually conducted by a member of the record - holding institution
  • fields of archival science history, and law. It is organised into two sectors, which are responsible for the protection of archival materials within and