ⓘ HMS E34 was a British E class submarine built by John Thornycroft, Woolston, Hampshire. She was laid down on 21 January 1917 and was commissioned in March 1917. ..

                                     

ⓘ HMS E34

HMS E34 was a British E class submarine built by John Thornycroft, Woolston, Hampshire. She was laid down on 21 January 1917 and was commissioned in March 1917. HMS E34 sank the U-Boat UB-16 off Harwich in the North Sea on 10 May 1918. E34 was mined near the Eijerlandse Gronden, the sands between the Frisian islands Texel and Vlieland on 20 July 1918. There were no survivors.

                                     

1. Design

Like all post- E8 British E-class submarines, E34 had a displacement of 662 tonnes 730 short tons at the surface and 807 tonnes 890 short tons while submerged. She had a total length of 180 feet 55 m and a beam length of 22 feet 8.5 inches 6.922 m. She was powered by two 800 horsepower 600 kW Vickers eight-cylinder two-stroke diesel engines and two 420 horsepower 310 kW electric motors. The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 16 knots 30 km/h; 18 mph and a submerged speed of 10 knots 19 km/h; 12 mph. British E-class submarines had fuel capacities of 50 tonnes 55 short tons of diesel and ranges of 3.255 miles 5.238 km; 2.829 nmi when travelling at 10 knots 19 km/h; 12 mph. E34 was capable of operating submerged for five hours when travelling at 5 knots 9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph.

E34 was armed with a 12-pounder 76 mm 3.0 in QF gun mounted forward of the conning tower. She had five 18 inch 450 mm torpedo tubes, two in the bow, one either side amidships, and one in the stern; a total of 10 torpedoes were carried.

E-Class submarines had wireless systems with 1 kilowatt 1.3 hp power ratings; in some submarines, these were later upgraded to 3 kilowatts 4.0 hp systems by removing a midship torpedo tube. Their maximum design depth was 100 feet 30 m although in service some reached depths of below 200 feet 61 m. Some submarines contained Fessenden oscillator systems.

                                     

2. Bibliography

  • Hutchinson, Robert 2001. Janes Submarines: War Beneath the Waves from 1776 to the Present Day. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-710558-8. OCLC 53783010.