ⓘ Morya Gosavi or Moraya Gosavi alias Moroba Gosavi was a prominent saint of the Hindu Ganapatya sect, which considers the elephant-faced god Ganesha as the Supre ..

                                     

ⓘ Morya Gosavi

Morya Gosavi or Moraya Gosavi alias Moroba Gosavi was a prominent saint of the Hindu Ganapatya sect, which considers the elephant-faced god Ganesha as the Supreme Being. Morya Gosavi is considered the chief spiritual progenitor of the Ganapatyas and has been described as the "most famous devotee" of Ganesha.

The lifetime of Morya Gosavi is speculated between the 13th to 17th century. Numerous legends recall his life. Morya became devoted to Ganesha when he started visiting the Morgaon temple of Ganesha. It is believed that due to the hindrance in Moryas services to the god in the popular Ganesha shrine, Ganesha told Morya that he would appear in Chinchwad for Morya to worship, so Morya moved from Morgaon to Chinchwad, where Morya built a Ganesha temple. Consequently, Morya took sanjeevan samadhi by burying himself alive in his tomb.

Morya had a son called Chintamani, venerated as a living incarnation of Ganesha and addressed as Dev god. Chintamani was succeeded by six more Dev s. The tomb of Morya Gosavi and the Ganesha temple at Chinchwad still attract many Ganesha devotees.

                                     

1. Dating

While Yuvraj Krishan places Morya Gosavi in the 13th–14th century, RC Dhere places him in the 16th century. Paul B. Courtright and Anne Feldhaus date him to 1610–59. The Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation dates him to c. 1330 to 1556. His marriage year is given as 1470 and his sons birth corresponds to 1481. The Encyclopedia of Religion dates his death to 1651.

Various legends associate Morya Gosavi with Humayun 1508–1556, Shahaji 1594–1665 and his great-grandson Shivaji 1627–1680. His memorial temple has an inscription records that it was started in 1658-9.

                                     

2. Early life

According to one version of the story, Morya was born in Bidar, Karnataka. He was thrown out of the house by his father as he was thought to be of no use to the family. Morya travelled to the Ganesha shrine at Morgaon – in neighbouring Maharashtra – where he found a liking to Ganesha. He settled at Chinchwad, 50 miles 80 km away from Morgaon. Another story declares him to be a son of a poor but pious couple from Pune, Maharashtra. Morya is believed to have been born due to the grace of Ganesha, whom the childless couple propitiated. After the birth of Morya, the family moved to Pimple, 40 miles 64 km away from Chinchwad. After the death of his parents, Morya moved to Tathavade, 2 miles 3.2 km away from Chichwad. Both legends declare he visited the Morgaon temple regularly, daily or monthly to worship Ganesha.

Another tale tells that Moryas parents, Bhat Shaligram and his wife moved to Morgaon from Bidar. His parents prayed to Ganesha at Morgaon. Soon, Morya was born to them. Later, Morya became seriously ill and was not recovering so they prayed to Ganesha again. Soon, a Gosavi priest named Nayan Bharati came and gave medicine to Morya, curing him. Nayan Bharati also preached to Morya. Henceforth, the Bhat family took the family name Gosavi and Morya was known as Morya Gosavi.

                                     

3. From Morgaon to Chinchwad

According to a legend, on the occasion of Ganesh Chaturthi August–September – the largest festival dedicated to Ganesha – Morya could not find a place in the temple, crowded by the laity and the wealthy Pingle family. Morya left his offering under a tree and then by a "miracle", the laitys offerings from temple were exchanged with Moryas offerings under the tree. The laity accused Morya of sorcery and prohibited his entry in Morgaon. Ganesha appeared in a dream of Pingle and told Pingle that he was offended by the ill-treatment of his favourite devotee Morya. So Pingle requested Morya to come back to Morgaon, but Morya refused. Ganesha thus gave a vision to Morya saying that he would come to stay with Morya in Chinchwad. Accordingly, Morya found an image of Ganesha – similar to the one worshipped at Morgaon – while bathing in the river and built a small shrine for it.

Another tale tells that the head-man of Morgaon was impressed by Moryas pious ways and offered him milk every day he visited Morgaon. Once the head-man was not present at his house, so a blind girl went to offer the milk to Morya. The moment she touched the threshold of the house where Morya was waiting, her sight was restored. Morya became famous due to this miracle and is credited to have cured the eyes of Shivaji 1627–1680 too – who would become the founder of the Maratha Empire later. To escape the crowds of people, Morya relocated to the forest, where present-day Chinchwad stands. Due to his growing age, Morya found it hard to continue his visits to Morgaon. Once he reached Morgaon after the temple was closed. Tired and hungry, he slept. Ganesha gave Morya a dream-vision telling Morya to offer his prayers to him and that he would reside with Morya in Chinchwad and incarnate in Moryas lineage for seven generations. Morya woke to find the temple doors miraculously opened and offered his prayers. In morning when the temple-priests opened the temple-doors, they were astonished to see fresh flowers offered to the Lord and a pearl necklace missing. The necklace was discovered on Moryas neck, who was imprisoned but then freed due to Ganeshas aid. Morya found a conical stone rising in Chinchwad home, which he recognized as Ganesha and built a temple for it.

Another legend does not talk about his arrest, but says that Morya realised the presence of Ganesha at Morgaon but realised that there was hindrance in his devotion, so he moved to the forest near Tathavade to worship Ganesha. On every fourth lunar day after the full moon, Morya used to visit the Chintamani Temple of Theur. Once, devotees from Chinchwad requested Morya to visit the bank of Pavana River at Chinchwad. There, Chintamani – the form of Ganesha worshipped at Theur – is believed to have ordered Morya to marry. As per Ganeshas orders, Morya married Uma, the daughter of Govindrao Kulkarni whose family was staying in Tathavade near Chinchwad.

According to a story, as per his gurus orders, Morya performed penance at Theur by observing a strict fast for 42 days, within this period, he is believed to have "divine revelations". After the death of his parents, Morya moved from Morgaon to Chinchwad. The present structure of the Theur temple is built by Morya.



                                     

4. Death and lineage

Morya continued to visit Theur, Ranjangaon another Ganesha temple site and Chinchwad. Morya had a son, whom he named Chintamani Chintaman. Chintamani was venerated as a living incarnation of Ganesha. But before that according to some experts, he helped the deposed Mughal emperor Humayun 1508–1556 to escape to Kabul, when Humayun again became the Emperor of Delhi, he showered Morya with gifts. According to Dhere, Shivajis father Shahaji 1594–1665 is recorded as a donor to Morya Gosavi.

After his wifes death and his guru Nayan Bharatis sanjeevan samadhi, Morya also took sanjeevan samadhi by burying himself alive in a tomb with a holy book in his hand. Morya left strict orders that his tomb be never opened. Chintamani built a temple over his fathers tomb. Chintamani is described to have shown his true form as Ganesha to the Varkari saint-poet Tukaram 1577 – c.1650, who called Chintamani a Dev spelt also as Deva or Deo god. The lineage was henceforth known as the Dev family.

Chintamani was followed as a Dev by Narayan, Chintamani II, Dharmadhar, Chintamani III, Narayan II and Dharmadhar II. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb 1658–1707 gifted Narayan the hereditary grant of eight villages, impressed by the latters "miracle" of changing a piece of beef sent by the former into jasmine flowers. Beef is considered unholy in Hinduism and killing of cows – considered sacred – is prohibited. Narayan II violated Moryas orders and opened the latters tomb. According to the tale, Morya who was found still mediating in the tomb, was disturbed and cursed Narayan II that his son would be the last Dev. Narayan IIs son, Dharmadhar II – the seventh generation of Morya – died childless in 1810 ending the direct lineage of Morya, but a distant relative of Dharmadhar, Sakhari was installed as a Dev by the priesthood to continue the temple funding. Devotional poetry of all the Devs still survive.

                                     

5. Veneration

Morya Gosavi is considered the chief spiritual progenitor and the most important saint of the Ganapatya – the Hindu sect centred on Ganesha worship – tradition and has been described as the "most famous devotee" of Ganesha.

Chinchwad has shrines to the departed Dev s, chief of which is that of Morya. Moryas memorial temple is a low plain building 30 x 20 x 40 with a square hall or mandap and an octagonal inner shrine, inscribed with a Marathi inscription: "This temple was begun on the bright twelfth of Kartik November–December Shaka 1580 A.D. 1658-9 Vilambi Samvatsara and finished on Monday the bright fourth of Ashadha, Vikari Samvatsara". The temples enjoyed the revenue from the eight villages given by Aurangzeb in the past. The tomb of Morya Gosavi as well as the Ganesha temple constructed by him still attracts many Ganesha devotees to Chinchwad. Devotees believe that though Morya Gosavi attained moksha salvation but "his presence continues to endow the shrine with sacred significance."

On the circumbulation path Pradakshina path of the Morgaon Ganesha temple, there is a tree near the Kalpavrushka Mandir. The tree is believed to have the spot where Morya Gosavi underwent penance. An image of Morya Gosavi is worshipped in the temple complex too. Morya Gosavi is also credited to have popularized the Morgaon temple.