Complex adaptive system
A complex adaptive system is a system in which a perfect understanding of the individual parts does not automatically convey a perfect understanding of the whole systems behavior. In complex adaptive systems, the whole is more complex than its parts, and more complicated and meaningful than the aggregate of its parts. The study of complex adaptive systems, a subset of nonlinear dynamical systems, is highly interdisciplinary and blends insights from the natural and social sciences to develop systemlevel models and insights that allow for heterogeneous agents, phase transition, and emergent ...
Complex response
A complex response refers to an environmental reaction to change that occurs at multiple levels to multiple objects, and can induce a chain reaction of responses to a single initial change. It is akin to the butterfly effect: one small event can cascade through a given system creating new agents of change, and operating at several levels. The term is most commonly used in fluvial geomorphology, or the study of river systems and changes within those systems.
Complex systems biology
Complex systems biology is a branch or subfield of mathematical and theoretical biology concerned with complexity of both structure and function in biological organisms, as well as the emergence and evolution of organisms and species, with emphasis being placed on the complex interactions of, and within, bionetworks, and on the fundamental relations and relational patterns that are essential to life. CSB is thus a field of theoretical sciences aimed at discovering and modeling the relational patterns essential to life that has only a partial overlap with complex systems theory, and also wi ...
Complexity economics
Complexity economics is the application of complexity science to the problems of economics. It sees the economy not as a system in equilibrium, but as one in motion, perpetually constructing itself anew. It uses computational rather than mathematical analysis to explore how economic structure is formed and reformed, in continuous interaction with the adaptive behavior of the agents in the economy
Complexity measure
Complexity measure / measure of complexity may refer to any measure defined in various branches of complexity theory, specifically: Time complexity Parametrized complexity Cyclomatic complexity Halstead complexity measures Blum axioms Programming complexity in Computational complexity theory Effective complexity Selfdissimilarity in complex systems theory and applications Forecasting complexity Kolmogorov complexity, a measure of algorithmic complexity in model theory Urank in statistical learning theory / computational learning theory VC dimension Rademacher complexity linguistic sequen ...
Croatian Interdisciplinary Society
Croatian Interdisciplinary Society is a nongovernmental organization operating in Croatia. It acts to promote interdisciplinary education and research, primarily but not exclusively in the domain of complex systems. They are a member society of the International Federation for Systems Research.
ⓘ Complex systems theory
 systems concepts play a central role in complex systems As a field of study, complex systems is a subset of systems theory General systems theory focuses
 Systems theory is the interdisciplinary study of systems A system is a cohesive conglomeration of interrelated and interdependent parts which can be natural
 Dynamical systems theory is an area of mathematics used to describe the behavior of the complex dynamical systems usually by employing differential equations
 hard complexity theories include Complex Adaptive Systems CAS and Viability Theory and a class of softer theory is Viable System Theory Many of the propositional
 has only a partial overlap with complex systems theory and also with the systems approach to biology called systems biology this is because the latter
 Systems science covers formal sciences such as complex systems cybernetics, dynamical systems theory information theory linguistics or systems theory
 general term Complex Dynamic Systems Theory was recommended by Kees de Bot to refer to both Complexity theory and Dynamic systems theory Numerous labels
 Complexity theory and organizations, also called complexity strategy or complex adaptive organizations, is the use of the study of complexity systems in the
 also see: complex adaptive system Complex systems theory also see: complex systems Computer  aided systems theory Conceptual systems theory also see:
 unstable systems was first, and in a most general meaning used in 1873 by James Clerk Maxwell. Maxwell does not differentiate between dynamical systems and
 initial conditions. Chaos theory is an interdisciplinary theory stating that, within the apparent randomness of chaotic complex systems there are underlying
Complex adaptive system 

Complex response 

Complex systems biology 
Complexity economics 

Complexity measure 
Croatian Interdisciplinary Society 
Extended cognition 

Generative systems 

Growth and underinvestment 

High and lowlevel 
Holism in science 

Human dynamics 

Interacting particle system 
Inverse consequences 

Irreducible complexity 

David A. Lane 
Michael Lissack 
MATSim 
Model of hierarchical complexity 

David Orrell 
Programming complexity 

Quorum sensing 

Rare events 
Revolving rivers 
Scale (analytical tool) 
Selfdissimilarity 

Simplexity 
Singularity (system theory) 

Social complexity 
Stochastic cellular automaton 

Structured criticality 
Symmetry breaking of escaping ants 

System of systems engineering 

Systems chemistry 
Vagal tone 