ⓘ Ethno-cultural designations ..

List of terms for ethnic exogroups

An ethnic exogroup is a group of people which does not belong to a particular ethnic group. Many cultures have terms referring to all outsiders, but in practice this often becomes narrowed to the largest outsider group. In particular, exogroup terms used by minorities in a particular country often become specific to the majority in that country rather than applying to other minorities as well. Exogroup terms are sometimes considered to be derogatory, depending on the word and the context and manner in which it is used. They may be distinguished from ethnic or religious slurs in that they d ...


Ajam is an Arabic word meaning mute, which today refers to someone whose mother tongue is not Arabic. During the Arab conquest of Persia, the term became a racial pejorative.


Allochtoon is a Dutch word, literally meaning "emerging from another soil". It is the opposite of the word autochtoon, literally meaning "emerging from this soil". In the Netherlands and Flanders, the term allochtoon is widely used to refer to immigrants and their descendants. Officially the term allochtoon is much more specific and referred to anyone who had at least one parent born outside the Netherlands. The antonym autochtoon is less widely used, but it roughly corresponded to ethnic Dutch. Among a number of immigrant groups living in the Netherlands, a Dutch person though they are th ...

Am ha'aretz

In the Tanakh, the term "the people of the land" Hebrew am haaretz refers to a special social group or caste within the kingdom of Judah. Among the activities of the biblical am haaretz was the revolt against Athaliah. By contrast, the plural ammei haaretz or ammei haaretzot refers to foreigners, either the nations of the world gentiles or the native Canaanite population living within Eretz Yisrael. In the Second Temple period, the "people of the land" am haaretz are contrasted with those returning from the Babylonian captivity, "Then the people of the land weakened the hands of the people ...


Anērān or Anīran is an ethno-linguistic term that signifies "non-Iranian" or "non-Iran". Thus, in a general sense, Aniran signifies lands where Iranian languages are not spoken. In a pejorative sense, it denotes "a political and religious enemy of Iran and Zoroastrianism." The term Aniran derives from Middle Persian anērān, Pahlavi nyrn, an antonym of ērān that in turn denoted either the people or the Sasanian Empire. However, "in Zoroastrian literature and possibly in Sasanian political thought as well, the term has also a markedly religious connotation. An anēr person is not merely non-I ...

Barang (Khmer word)

For the Filipino term, see Barang Philippine mythology. Barang is a Khmer word meaning French. It is often mispronounced like ba-reng. The correct pronunciation is ba-rang, but pa-rang is also acceptable. It is thought to be corruption of the word France but this may be a misconception. The term is related to the Thai term farang which has a similar meaning. In the Malay language, barang means "thing". The origin of this word is debatable as there are several possibilities. One is that it came from Arabic faranj via Malay traders. Another is that it came straight from the French. Since Khm ...


ⓘ Ethno-cultural designations

  • Shanxi Weishui Cultural Ecosystem Conservation Area Shandong Dêqên Ethno - Cultural Ecosystems Conservation Area Yunnan Dali Cultural Ecosystem Conservation
  • ISBN 978 - 0 - 226 - 28965 - 6. de Zwart, Frank 2012 Pitfalls of top - down identity designation Ethno - statistics in the Netherlands Comparative European Politics. 10
  • peoples to denote all Muslim settlers in the region, regardless of their ethno - linguistic background. Majority of these, however, were indeed ethnic Turks
  • the Indian Ocean: These are al - Misr Egypt - - al - Muqurra or other designations for Nubian kingdoms - - Zanj Azania, i.e. the country of the blacks
  • Middle Persian, or Anīran Modern Persian, انیران is an ethno - linguistic term that signifies non - Iranian or non - Iran non - Aryan
  • non - Arabs, and above all the Persians, were asserting their social and cultural equality taswīa with the Arabs, if not their superiority tafzīl over
  • Spanish America and modern Hispanic America to refer to people who were culturally Hispanicized. It was a social distinction that existed alongside the racial
  • foreigners and Chinese were unusual and perhaps even nonexistent during the Cultural Revolution, but they were never explicitly banned or judged unacceptable
  • of cultural practices, tensions, and accommodations: British European with some Māori and Polynesian influences and more recently wider cultural inputs