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Dauphin of France

Dauphin of France), originally Dauphin of Viennois, was the title given to the heir apparent to the throne of France from 1350 to 1791 and 1824 to 1830. The word dauphin is French for dolphin. At first the heirs were granted the County of Viennoi ...

Mesdames de France

Mesdames is a form of address for several adult females. In the 18th century, Mesdames de France was used to designate the daughters of Louis XV of France, most of whom lived at the royal court and never married.

Prince Imperial of France

The Prince Imperial of France was a title originally created under the Constitution of the Year XII, in 1804, to designate the eldest son of the Emperor of the French under the First French Empire. The title was, furthermore, revived under the Se ...

Anif declaration

The Anif declaration was issued by Ludwig III, King of Bavaria, on 12 November 1918 at Anif Palace, Austria. It was a declaration in which the monarch relieved all civil servants and military personnel from their oath of loyalty to him and ended ...

German Prince

The terms German Prince or German Princess are often used to refer to members of royalty that were from a German state. Today Germany is one nation, but until 1914, Germany and Central Europe was ruled over by a large number of independent states ...

House of Hohenzollern

The House of Hohenzollern is a German royal dynasty whose members were variously princes, electors, kings and emperors of Hohenzollern, Brandenburg, Prussia, the German Empire, and Romania. The family arose in the area around the town of Hechinge ...

List of German monarchs

This is a list of monarchs who ruled over East Francia, and the Kingdom of Germany, from the division of the Frankish Empire in 843 until the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. The title used by the early rulers was Rex Francorum orien ...

Monarchy of Greece

The Monarchy of Greece or Greek Monarchy was the government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Greece from 1832 to 1924 and 1935 to 1973.

Crown Prince of Greece

The Crown Prince of Greece is the heir to the throne of modern Greece. Since the abolition of the Greek monarchy by the then-ruling military regime on 1 June 1973, it is merely considered a courtesy title.

Greece in the Balkan Wars

The participation of Greece in the Balkan Wars of 1912–1913 is one of the most important episodes in modern Greek history, as it allowed the Greek state to almost double its size and achieve most of its present territorial size. It also served as ...

Kingdom of Greece

The Kingdom of Greece was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers. It was internationally recognised by the Treaty of Constantinople, where it also secured full independence from the Ottoman Empire. This event ...

Kingdom of Bohemia

The Kingdom of Bohemia, sometimes later in English literature referred to as the Czech Kingdom, was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Central Europe, the predecessor of the modern Czech Republic. It was an Imperial State in the Holy Roman E ...

Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire)

The Kingdom of Italy, also called Imperial Italy, was one of the constituent kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire, along with the kingdoms of Germany, Bohemia, and Burgundy. It comprised northern and central Italy, but excluded the Republic of Venic ...

Kaiserlich

The adjective kaiserlich means "imperial" and was used in the German-speaking countries to refer to those institutions and establishments over which the Kaiser had immediate personal power of control. The term was used particularly in connexion w ...

Kaiserpfalz

The term Kaiserpfalz or Konigspfalz refers to a number of castles and palaces across the Holy Roman Empire that served as temporary, secondary seats of power for the Holy Roman Emperor in the Early and High Middle Ages. The term was also used mor ...

Kingdom of Germany

The Kingdom of Germany or German Kingdom is a historical name sometimes used to denote the mostly Germanic-speaking East Francia, which was formed by the Treaty of Verdun in 843, and was ruled by the Frankish Carolingian dynasty until 911, after ...

Pleissnerland

Pleissnerland, Pleissenland or the Imperial Territory of Pleissenland was a Reichsgut of the Holy Roman Empire, which meant that it was directly possessed by the respective elected King of the Romans or Emperor. It was named for the PleiSe River, ...

Reichswald

A Reichswald or imperial forest was a historic woodland under imperial protection and usage in the Holy Roman Empire. Notable Reichswalder include: Klever Reichswald - a forest of 5.100 hectares 13.000 acres near Kleve, where the World War II bat ...

Line of succession to the former Iraqi throne

The Iraqi monarchy was abolished by the then-ruling Republican regime on 14 July 1958 by Abd al-Karim Qasim in a coup detat. The current pretender to the defunct throne of Iraq and Syria is Prince Raad bin Zeid.

Governor-General of the Irish Free State

The Governor-General of the Irish Free State was the official representative of the sovereign of the Irish Free State from 1922 to 1936. By convention, the office was largely ceremonial. Nonetheless, it was controversial, as many Irish Nationalis ...

Head of state of Ireland (1936 to 1949)

During the period from December 1936 to April 1949, some commentators consider that it was unclear whether the Irish state was a republic or a form of constitutional monarchy and whether its head of state was the President of Ireland or King Geor ...

The Resurrection of Hungary

The Resurrection of Hungary: A Parallel for Ireland was a book published by Arthur Griffith in 1904 in which he outlined his ideas for an Anglo-Irish dual monarchy. He proposed that the former kingdoms which had created the United Kingdom of Grea ...

Social and Personal

Social and Personal is one of the longest running columns in The Irish Times. Previously called Court and Personal it originally published the Court Circulars of the British Royal Family, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and brief society reporting ...

Anscarids

The Anscarids or the House of Ivrea were a medieval Frankish dynasty of Burgundian origin which rose to prominence in Italy in the tenth century, even briefly holding the Italian throne. The main branch ruled the County of Burgundy from the eleve ...

King of Italy

King of Italy was the title given to the ruler of the Kingdom of Italy after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. The first to take the title was Odoacer, a barbarian military leader, in the late 5th century, followed by the Ostrogothic kings up ...

Emperor of Korea

Emperor of Korea was the title of head of state of the Korean Empire between 1897 and 1910. It was established with the inauguration of Gojong, in November 1897, and ended with the abolition of emperor Sunjong on August 29, 1910. In 1910, the hea ...

Merina Kingdom

The Merina Kingdom or Kingdom of Madagascar, officially the Kingdom of Imerina, was a pre-colonial state off the coast of Southeast Africa that, by the 19th century, dominated most of what is now Madagascar. It spread outward from Imerina, the Ce ...

Line of succession to the former Mexican throne

The First Mexican Empire, established in 1821, with Agustin de Iturbide proclaimed as Emperor in 1822, was abolished in 1823. In 1863, the Second Mexican Empire was established, with Maximilian I of Mexico being proclaimed Emperor in 1864. Maximi ...

Palace of Iturbide

The Palace of Iturbide is a large palatial residence located in the historic center of Mexico City at Madero Street #17. It was built by the Count of San Mateo Valparaiso as a wedding gift for his daughter. It gained the name" Palace of Iturbide” ...

Prince Imperial of Mexico

The Prince Imperial of Mexico is the title created on June 22, 1822 by the Mexican Constituent Congress, to be granted to the firstborn and heir of Emperor Agustin de Iturbide. This title also refers to the heads of the Imperial House and designa ...

Second Mexican Empire

The Mexican Empire or Second Mexican Empire was the name of Mexico under a constitutional hereditary monarchy declared by a Mexican Assembly of Notables in accordance with the interests of the French Empire, during the Second French intervention ...

List of Malla Kings of Nepal

The Malla Dynasty was the ruling Newar dynasty of Kathmandu Valley in Nepal, from the 12th to the 18th century. At that time only the Kathmandu Valley and surrounding region was known as Nepal or Nepal Mandala and the citizens were known as Nepa: ...

Rana dynasty

Rana dynasty is a Kshatriya dynasty from the Indian subcontinent that ruled the Kingdom of Nepal from 1846 A.D until 1951 A.D, reducing the Shah monarch to a figurehead and making Prime Minister and other government positions held by the Ranas he ...

Rolls of Succession in Rana (Nepal)

Rolls of Succession in Rana was the order of succession, sequence of members of the Rana Royal Family of Nepal in the order in which they stand in line to office of Prime Minister of Nepal and Shree Teen Maharaja of Kaski and Lamjung along with t ...

Iranian monarchy

Iranian monarchy may refer to: Parthian Empire, 247 BCE – 224 CE Median Empire, 715–549 BCE Iranian kingdoms and empires of classical Iran Achaemenid Empire First Persian Empire, 550 BC–330 BCE Sasanian Empire Second Persian Empire, 224–651 CE Za ...

Achaemenid Kingdom

The Achaemenid Kingdom refers to the pre-imperial history of the Achaemenid dynasty. The first king of the kingdom was Achaemenes, who was the forefather of the Achamenids, and also gave his name to the dynasty. The Achaemenid kingdom was the rul ...

Dabuyid dynasty

The Dabuyid or Gaubarid Dynasty was a Zoroastrian Iranian dynasty that started in the early seventh century as an independent group of rulers, reigning over Tabaristan and parts of western Khorasan. Dabuyid rule over Tabaristan and Khorasan laste ...

Persian Empire

The Persian Empire or Imperial Iran, refers to a series of imperial dynasties that were centred in Iran from the 6th century BC Achaemenid Empire era to the 20th century AD in the Pahlavi dynasty era.

Qajar Iran

Qajar Iran, also referred to as Qajar Persia, the Qajar Empire, officially the Sublime State of Persia and also known then as the Guarded Domains of Persia, was an Iranian empire ruled by the Qajar dynasty, which was of Turkic origin, specificall ...

Cedynia

Cedynia is a small town in Poland, the administrative seat of Gmina Cedynia in Gryfino County, West Pomeranian Voivodeship. It is situated close to the Oder river and the border with Germany. The town is known for the 972 Battle of Cedynia, the f ...

Plock Diadem

The Plock Diadem was created in the beginning of the 13th century probably in Hungary. This filigree diadem is wrought of extremely pure gold and set with sapphires, rubies, almandines and pearls.

Church of St James, Twickenham

The Church of St James, Twickenham is a Roman Catholic church at 61 Popes Grove, Twickenham, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It is dedicated to St James the Apostle. It is a building of Townscape Merit. The church was opened in 188 ...

Crown of João VI

The Crown of João VI, also known as the Portuguese Royal Crown is the most recent and only extant crown of the Portuguese Crown Jewels.

Duchy of Braganza

The Duchy of Braganza has been the fief of an important Portuguese noble family: the House of Braganza, and is one of the most important Dukedoms of Portugal. Created in 1442 by King Afonso V of Portugal for his uncle Afonso, Count of Barcelos, i ...

Mantle of João VI

The Mantle of João VI, also known as the Mantle of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves, is the royal robe, a part of the Portuguese Crown Jewels, that was fashioned for the acclamation of King João VI, alongside the Crown of ...

Mantle of Luis I

The Mantle of Luis I, also known as the Mantle of the Constitutional Kings, is the royal robe, a part of the Portuguese Crown Jewels, that was fashioned for the acclamation of King Luis I, though used by all Portuguese monarchs after him.

Monastery of São Vicente de Fora

The Church or Monastery of São Vicente de Fora ; meaning "Monastery of St. Vincent Outside the Walls" is a 17th-century church and monastery in the city of Lisbon, Portugal. It is one of the most important monasteries and mannerist buildings in t ...

Necklace of the Stars

The Necklace of the Stars is a diamond necklace originally made for Queen Consort Maria Pia of Savoy. It is a piece of the Portuguese Crown Jewels.

Pantheon of the House of Braganza

The Pantheon of the House of Braganza, also known as the Pantheon of the Braganzas, is the final resting place for many of the members of the House of Braganza, located in the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora in the Alfama district of Lisbon, Por ...

Prince Royal of Portugal

Prince Royal of Portugal, officially Prince Royal of Portugal and the Algarves, was the title held by the heir-apparent or presumptive to the Kingdom of Portugal, from 1825 to 1910. From 1815 to 1825 the title was Prince Royal of the United Kingd ...