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Agrzhan

The Agrzhan were a group of primarily Muslim merchants from India who operated in Astrakhan. In 1857 they numbered 107. Since then they have assimilated into the Astrakhan Tatar population. At least some of the earliest Agrzhan were Hindus. They ...

Aleut

The Aleuts, who are usually known in the Aleut language by the endonyms Unangan, Unangas, Унаӈан, are the indigenous people of the Aleutian Islands. Both the Aleut people and the islands are divided between the US state of Alaska and the Russian ...

Altai people

The Altaians are a Turkic people living in the Siberian Altai Republic and Altai Krai, Russia. For alternative ethnonyms see also Teleut, Tele, Telengit, Black Tatar, and Oirats. The Altaians are presented by two ethnographic groups: The Southern ...

Apuka

The Apuka are one of the nine subdivisions of the Koryaks. In pre-Soviet Russia they were considered to be a distinct people. They speak their own dialect of the Koryak language. They live primarily along the coast of the Bering Sea.

Armenians in Russia

Armenians in Russia or Russian Armenians are one of the countrys largest ethnic minorities and the largest Armenian diaspora community outside Armenia. The 2010 Russian census recorded 1.182.388 Armenians in the country. Various figures estimate ...

Assyrians in Russia

Assyrians came to Russia and the Soviet Union in three main waves: The first wave was after the Treaty of Turkmenchay in 1828, that delineated a border between Russia and Persia. Many Assyrians found themselves suddenly under Russian sovereignty ...

Astrakhan Jews

Astrakhan Jews are people of Jewish ethnicity and faith originating from or living in the historically Central Asian city and region of Astrakhan in South-Western Russia. They are a culturally heterogenous entity, coming from various sub-ethnic b ...

Baikal Cossacks

Baikal Cossacks were Cossacks of the Transbaikal Cossack Host ; a Cossack host formed in 1851 in the areas beyond Lake Baikal.

Belarusians in Russia

Belarusians are a major ethnic group in Russia. In the census of 2002, 807.970 Russian citizens confirmed their Belarusian ethnicity. Major Belarusian groups live in the regions of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kaliningrad, Karelia. Most Belarusians in ...

Besermyan

The Besermyan, Biserman, Besermans or Besermens are a numerically small Finno-Ugric ethnic group in Russia. The Russian Empire Census of 1897 listed 10.800 Besermans. There were 10.000 Besermans in 1926, but the Russian Census of 2002 found only ...

Bzhedugs

Bzhedug or Bazdug are one of the 12 tribal divisions of the Adyghe Circassians. Many of them immigrated to Turkey in the 1860s, but there is still a community of Bzhedug on the left bank of the Kuban River in the vicinity of Krasnodar. The Bzhedu ...

Ethnic Chinese in Russia

Ethnic Chinese in Russia officially numbered 34.577 according to the 2002 census. However, this figure is contested, with the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission of the Republic of China on Taiwan claiming 998.000 in 2004 and 2005, and Russian de ...

Chukchi people

The Chukchi, or Chukchee, are an Indigenous people inhabiting the Chukchi Peninsula and the shores of the Chukchi Sea and the Bering Sea region of the Arctic Ocean within the Russian Federation. They speak the Chukchi language. The Chukchi origin ...

Chulyms

The Chulyms, also Chulym Tatars, are a Turkic people in the Tomsk Oblast and Krasnoyarsk Krai in Russia.

Chuvash people

The Chuvash people are a Turkic ethnic group, native to an area stretching from the Volga Region to Siberia. Most of them live in the Republic of Chuvashia and surrounding areas, although Chuvash communities may be found throughout the Russian Fe ...

Dolgans

Dolgans) are a Turkic people, who mostly inhabit Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. The 2010 Census counted 7.885 Dolgans. This number includes 5.517 in former Taymyr Autonomous Okrug. There are 26 Dolgans in Ukraine, four of whom speak Dolgan. Dolgans sp ...

Enets people

The Enets people are a Samoyedic ethnic group who live on the east bank, near the mouth, of the Yenisei River. Historically nomadic people, they now mainly inhabit the village of Potapovo in Krasnoyarsk Krai in western Siberia near the Arctic Cir ...

Evens

The Evens are a people in Siberia and the Russian Far East. They live in regions of the Magadan Oblast and Kamchatka Krai and northern parts of Sakha east of the Lena River. According to the 2002 census, there were 19.071 Evens in Russia. Accordi ...

Greeks in Russia and the Soviet Union

Greeks have been present in southern Russia from the 6th century BC; those settlers assimilated into the indigenous populations. The vast majority of contemporary Russias Greek minority populations are descendants of Medieval Greek refugees, trad ...

Hatuqwai people

The Hatuqwai are a tribe of the Adyghe or Circassian people. There is, however, no well-established spelling for their name, and the variants are Hatukay, Hatuqwai, Hetuqwai, Hatukaj, Hatquai, Tatukai, Khatukai, Gatukai, Gatiukai, and Khatoukhay.

Indians in Russia

A majority of Indians living in Russia are Hindus and with minority populations like Christian of Indian origin and Sikhs. Hinduism has been told of in Russia, though most ignore it, primarily due to the work of religious scholars from the Vaishn ...

Iranians in Russia

Iranian Russians or Persian Russians are Iranians in the Russian Federation, and are Russian citizens or permanent residents of Iranian national background. Iranians have a long history within what is modern-day Russia, stretching back millennia. ...

Japanese people in Russia

Japanese people in Russia form a small part of the worldwide community of Nikkeijin, consisting mainly of Japanese expatriates and their descendants born in Russia. They count various notable political figures among their number.

Kabardians

The Kabardians, or Kabardinians, are the largest of the twelve Adyghe tribes. They are also commonly known by the plural terms Kabardin, Kebertei, or Kabarday. Along with the Besleney tribe, they speak a distinctive dialect of the Adyghe language ...

Ket people

Kets are a Yeniseian people in Siberia. In the Russian Empire, they were called Ostyaks, without differentiating them from several other Siberian peoples. Later they became known as Yenisey ostyaks, because they lived in the middle and lower basi ...

Khakas people

The Khakas, or Khakass, are a Turkic people, who live in Russia, in the republic of Khakassia in southern Siberia. They speak the Khakas language. The origin of the Khakas people is disputed. Some scholars see them as descendants of the Yenisei K ...

Koibal people

The Koibal are one of the subdivisions of the Khakass people of Southern Siberia. Although they speak the Turkic Koybal language, the Koibal have mixed ancestry and used to speak an extinct Samoyedic language. They formed in the late 19th century ...

Komi peoples

The Komi are a Permian ethnic group whose homeland is in the north-east of European Russia around the basins of the Vychegda, Pechora and Kama rivers. They mostly live in the Komi Republic, Perm Krai, Murmansk Oblast, Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okru ...

Sakhalin Koreans

Sakhalin Koreans are Russian citizens and residents of Korean descent living on Sakhalin Island, who trace their roots to the immigrants from the Gyeongsang and Jeolla provinces of Korea during the late 1930s and early 1940s, the latter half of t ...

Koryaks

Koryaks are an indigenous people of the Russian Far East, who live immediately north of the Kamchatka Peninsula in Kamchatka Krai and inhabit the coastlands of the Bering Sea. The cultural borders of the Koryaks include Tigilsk in the south and t ...

Kumandins

The Kumandins also known as the Kumandy, Kumanda, Qumandy and Qumanda are a people indigenous to Central Asia. They reside mainly in the Altai Republic of the Russian Federation. According to the 1926 census, 6.335 Kumandins lived within the terr ...

Mamkhegh

The Mamkhegh or Mamheg are a people of Adyghe branch of the Circassian people originally from the North Caucasus.

Mansi people

The Mansi are a Ugrian indigenous people living in Khanty–Mansia, an autonomous okrug within Tyumen Oblast in Russia. In Khanty–Mansia, the Khanty and Mansi languages have co-official status with Russian. The Mansi language is one of the postulat ...

Mokshas

The Mokshas are a Mordvinian ethnic group belonging to the Volgaic branch of the Finno-Ugric peoples who live in the Russian Federation, mostly near the Volga and Moksha rivers, a tributary of the Oka River. Their native language is Mokshan, one ...

Natukhajs

The Natukhai, the /-a-/s in the name being phonologically predictable) are one of the twelve main Adyghe or Circassian tribes. Their areas historically extended along the Black Sea coast from Anapa in the north to Tsemes Bay in the south and from ...

Negidals

Negidals are a people in the Khabarovsk Krai in Russia, who live along the Amgun River and Amur River. The ethnonym "Negidal" is a Russification of the Ewenki term ngegida, which means "coastal people".

Nenets people

The Nenets, also known as Samoyed, are a Samoyedic ethnic group native to northern arctic Russia, so called Russian Far North. According to the latest census in 2010, there were 44.857 Nenets in the Russian Federation, most of them living in the ...

Nepalis in Russia

Nepalis in Russia comprises residents from Nepal in Russia, including temporary expatriates and permanent residents, as well as their locally born descendants.

Oroch people

Orochs, Orochons, or Orochis are a people of Russia that speak the Oroch language of the Southern group of Tungusic languages. According to the 2002 census there were 686 Orochs in Russia. According to the 2010 census there were 596 Orochs in Rus ...

Pakistanis in Russia

Pakistanis in Russia are a fairly small community. According to the Ministry of overseas Pakistanis, in 2017 there were 13.560 Pakistanis living in Russia, almost all belong to the Pashtun ethnic group. A sizeable number of foreign students of me ...

Polish minority in Russia

There are currently 73.000 Polish nationals living in the Russian Federation. This includes autochthonous Poles as well as those forcibly deported during and after World War II; the total number of Poles in what was the former Soviet Union is est ...

Qaratay

Qaratays are a Mordvinian ethnic group in Kamsko-Ustyinsky District, Tatarstan around the village of Mordovsky Karatay. They speak a variety of the Tatar language complemented by Moksha words, which is sometimes considered as a Qaratay Dialect of ...

Russian in Bashkortostan

Russian in Bashkortostan - Russian population of Bashkortostan, which numbered in the 2010 census - 1.432.906 people. The non-Russian population of the Republic is 64.81%. It is 10th place among the regions of Russia.

Shors

Shors or Shorians are a Turkic ethnic group native to Kemerovo Oblast of Russia. Their self designation is Шор, or Shor. They were also called Kuznetskie Tatars, Kondoma Tatars, Mras-Su Tatars in some of the documents of the 17th and 18th centuri ...

Soyot

The Soyot people live mainly in the Oka region in the Okinsky District in the Republic of Buryatia, Russia. According to the 2010 census, there were 3.608 Soyots in Russia. Their extinct language was of a Turkic type and basically similar to the ...

Taz people

The Taz primarily live in Russia. They formed in the 1890s, from intermarriages between Udege, Nanai and Chinese. The Taz speak Russian and Northeast Mandarin, with loanwords from Udege and Nanai. According to the Russian Census of 2002, the tota ...

Telengits

Telengits or Telengut are a Turkic ethnic group primarily found in the Altai Republic, Russia. Telengits mainly live in a territory of Kosh-Agach District of the Altai Republic. They are part of a larger cultural group of Southern Altaians. These ...

Teleuts

Teleuts are a Turkic people living in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia. According to the 2002 census, there were 2.650 Teleuts in Russia. Their language is classified as a southern dialect within the group of dialects called the Altay language.

Tofalar

Tofalars in Russian; formerly known as карагасы, or Karagas), or the "Tofa people", are a Turkic people in the Irkutsk Oblast in Russia. Their origins, Tofa language, and culture are close to those of the eastern Tuvans-Todzhins. Before the 1917 ...

Tozhu Tuvans

The Tozhu Tuvans, Tozhu Tuvinians, Todzhan Tuvans or Todzhinians are a Turkic subgroup of the Tuvans living in Todzhinsky District of Tuva Republic. The Tozhu Tuvans are reindeer herders.