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Tajjalan

Tajjalān is one of the few enigmatic methods in Hinduism employed by the Upanishadic seers to describe Reality or Brahman. It is a cosmological approach to the problem of Reality in the context of creation etc.

Tanumanasi

Tanumānasī is the third stage or bhumika of wisdom in the waking state, at which stage the mind, through development of profound indifference towards objects, is stated to become as thin as a thread - Tanu means thread and manas means the mind. D ...

Vakya Vritti

Vakya Vritti is a Vedantic textbook, a small treatise, that concerns itself with the detailed and elaborate explanation of two Mahāvākyas – aham brahmāsmi and tat tvam asi which great Sruti sentences are intended to give a direct perception of Br ...

Vedanta Society of Southern California

The Vedanta Society of Southern California, with its headquarters in Hollywood, was founded in 1930 by Swami Prabhavananda. The society is a branch of the Ramakrishna Order, and maintains subcenters in South Pasadena, Santa Barbara, San Diego, an ...

Vibodha

Vibodha basically refers to understanding, sudden awakening and the unfolding of the faculties in carrying out an object; it refers to seeking after end, and to enlightenment. Vibodha is one of the 33 relatively transient emotions listed by Bharata.

Vijnanamaya kosha

Vigyanamaya kosha is one of the five koshas that cover Atman. Vigyanamaya kosha literally means a shell that is composed of wisdom or intellect. It is the fourth covering of Atma. It is also the first layer of the causal mind located in the Vishu ...

Viprata

Vipratā, which word generally means – the rank and condition of a Brahmin and is derived from the word, Vipra which means – excited, enthusiastic or inspired, seer, domestic priest or Brahmin, learned, wise, poet or a learned theologian or theolo ...

Viraj

Viraj, a word in the Sanskrit language, indicates sovereignty, excellence or splendour. Viraj is the mythical primeval being associated with creation who is often personified as the secondary creator. Viraj is born from Viraj and Viraj in turn is ...

Visayah

Visayah primarily means – the sphere of influence or activity, and also refers to – dominion, kingdom, territory, country, abode, lands etc., but in Hindu philosophy, it has been used to indicate the subject matter, the sense-objects, the subject ...

Vyasaraja Matha (Sosale)

Sri Vyasaraja Math is one of the three premier Dvaita Vedanta monasteries descended from Jagadguru Srī Madhvācārya through, Rajendra Tirtha and their disciples. Vyasaraja Math, along with Uttaradi Math and Raghavendra Math, are considered to be t ...

Satya Yuga

The Satya Yuga, also called Sat Yuga, or Krta Yuga in Hinduism, is the first of the four Yugas, the Yuga of Truth", when humanity is governed by gods, and every manifestation or work is close to the purest ideal and humanity will allow intrinsic ...

Nitya karma

Nitya karma refers to those karmas which have to be performed daily by Hindus. The Hindu Shastras say that not performing nitya karmas leads to sin. The nitya karmas include: Aupasanam Devataarchanam Agnihotram Sandhyavandanam Snana bathing Nitya ...

Purushottama

Purushottama meaning "Supreme Purusha", "Supreme Being", "Supreme God". It means "Foremost Amongst All Men" in Sanskrit. Its symbolic deeper meaning is "One who is the Supreme Purusha beyond the Kshara and Akshara ". Purushottama is also one of t ...

Rasa (theology)

Rasa refers to the creation and reception of a distinct flavor or quality of something. As a Sanskrit theological concept, rasa was popularized by specific to Krishna-centered bhakti traditions, such as Gaudiya Vaishnavism from the fifteenth cent ...

Gabriels Wing

Bal-e-Jibril was a philosophical poetry book of Allama Iqbal, the great poet-philosopher of the Indian subcontinent.

Les Illuminations de La Mecque

The Meccan Revelations is the major work of the philosopher and Sufi Ibn Arabi, written between 1203 and 1240. The Andalusi thinker exposes his spiritual journey, his theology, his metaphysics and his mysticism, using sometimes prose, sometimes p ...

The Rod of Moses

Zarb-i-Kalim ضربِ کلیم is a philosophical poetry book of Allama Iqbal in Urdu, a poet-philosopher of the Indian subcontinent. It was published in 1936, two years before his death.

Contemporary Islamic philosophy

Contemporary Islamic philosophy revives some of the trends of medieval Islamic philosophy, notably the tension between Mutazilite and Asharite views of ethics in science and law, and the duty of Muslims and role of Islam in the sociology of knowl ...

Falsafatuna

Falsafatuna is a book by Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr, published in 1959, which has been translated into English as Our Philosophy. It is a critique of European philosophy, especially of capitalism and socialism, from an Islamic viewpoint. It was aimed ...

Islamic views on evolution

Islamic views on evolution are diverse, ranging from theistic evolution to Old Earth creationism. Some Muslims around the world believe "humans and other living things have evolved over time," yet some others believe they have "always existed in ...

The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam

The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam is an essay on Ahmadiyya Islam by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, founder of the Ahmadiyya religious movement. The original was written in Urdu with the title Islami Usool ki Falāsifi, in order to be read at the Confe ...

Religious intellectualism in Iran

Religious intellectualism in Iran reached its apogee during the Persian Constitutional Revolution. The process involved philosophers, sociologists, political scientists and cultural theorists.

Early Islamic philosophy

Early Islamic philosophy or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar and lasting until the 6th century AH. The period is known as the Islamic Golden Age, ...

Liber de Causis

The Liber de Causis was a philosophical work once attributed to Aristotle that became popular in the Middle Ages, first in Arabic and Islamic countries and later in the Latin West. The real authorship remains a mystery, but most of the content is ...

Cosmology in medieval Islam

Islamic cosmology is the cosmology of Islamic societies. It is mainly derived from the Quran, Hadith, Sunnah, and current Islamic as well as other pre-Islamic sources. The Quran itself mentions seven heavens.

Araf (Islam)

Araf is the Muslim separator realm or borderland between heaven and hell, inhabited by the evenly balanced in their sins and virtues. This place may be described as a kind of benefint purgatory with privation but without suffering. The word is li ...

Arcs of Descent and Ascent

The Arcs of Descent and Ascent, an ontological circle, are described in Neoplatonism, as well as in Islamic and Sufi cosmology, mainly inspired by the works of Ibn al-Arabi. In the Arc of Descent, from unity to diversity, God creates successively ...

Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Kawneyn

Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Kawneyn, popularly known as Aw Barkhadle, Yusuf Al Kownayn, Yusuf Al Bagdhadi, and Shaykh Abu Barakat al Barbari, was a Somali Muslim scholar and traveler. Based on reference to Yusuf Al Kawneyn in the Harar manuscripts, Dr. En ...

Knowledge by presence

Knowledge by presence or consciousness is a degree and kind of primordial knowledge in the Illuminationist school of Islamic philosophy. This knowledge is also called the illuminative doctrine of knowledge by presence or al-ilm al-huduri al-ishra ...

Mulla Hamzah Gilani

Mulla Hamzah Gilani was an Iranian shia philosopher in the end of twelfth century of lunar.He was one of the pupil of Muhammad Sadiq Ardestani.

Al-isharat wa al-tanbihat

Al-Isharat wa’l-tanbihat is apparently one of the last books of Avicenna which is written in Arabic.

The Incoherence of the Incoherence

The Incoherence of the Incoherence by Andalusian Muslim polymath and philosopher Averroes is an important Islamic philosophical treatise in which the author defends the use of Aristotelian philosophy within Islamic thought. It was written in the ...

List of rasail in the Encyclopedia of the Brethren of Purity

The following is a list of the rasail which compose the influential Neoplatonic encyclopedia, the Encyclopedia of the Brethren of Purity composed by the Brethren of Purity in the tenth century CE in Basra, Iraq. The following tabulation of the ra ...

Ahl ar-Ray

Ahl ar-ray were an early Islamic movement advocating the use of reasoning to arrive at legal decisions. They were one of three main groups debating sources of Islamic law in the second century of Islam, the other two being ahl al-kalam and ashab ...

Ibn Arabi and theoretical mysticism

Ibn Arabi and theoretical mysticism refers to a school of theoretical mystical thought which was developed and explored by Ibn Arabi. This thought movement also could be considered as the continuation of islamic philosophy.

Jabriyah

Jabriyah was an early islamic philosophical school based on the belief that humans are controlled by predestination, without having choice or free will. The Jabriya school originated during the Umayyad dynasty in Basra. The first representative o ...

Sufi philosophy

Sufi philosophy includes the schools of thought unique to Sufism, a mystical branch within Islam, also termed as Tasawwuf or Faqr according to its adherents. Sufism and its philosophical traditions may be associated with both Sunni Islam and Shia ...

Traditionalist theology (Islam)

Traditionalist theology is a Islamic scholarly movement, originating in the late 8th century CE, who reject rationalistic Islamic theology in favor of strict textualism in interpreting the Quran and hadith. The name derives from "tradition" in it ...

A Hidden Treasure

The most cited version of this Hadith in Arabic is: کنت کنزاً مخفیاً فأحببت أن أعرف فخلقت الخلق لکی أعرف It has different translations in English: I was a hidden treasure; I loved to be known. Hence I created the world so that I would be known I ...

Baqaa

Baqaa, with literal meaning of subsistence or permanency, is a term in Sufi philosophy which describes a particular state of life with God, through God, in God, and for God. It is the summit of the mystical manazil, that is, the destination or th ...

Haal

Haal or hāl) is a special-purpose, temporary state of consciousness, generally understood to be the product of a Sufis spiritual practices while on his way toward God.

Marifa

In Sufism, marifa describes the mystical intuitive knowledge of spiritual truth reached through ecstatic experiences, rather than revealed or rationally acquired. A seeker of marifa is called arif, "the one who knows". In one of the earliest acco ...

Nūr (Islam)

Nūr may refer to the "Light of God". The word "nūr" is Arabic for "light", and has been passed on to many other languages. It is often used in the Quran, notably in a verse that states has been the subject of much discussion. Many classical comme ...

Rūh

In Islam, especially Sufism, rūh is a persons immortal, essential self - pneuma, i.e. the "spirit" or "soul". The Quran itself does not describe rūh as the immortal self. Nevertheless, in some contexts, it animates inanimate matter. Further, it a ...

Salik

A sālik is a follower of Sufism, from the verb salaka which means to travel or follow, related to sulūk "pathway". Sulūk here specifically refers to a spiritual path, i.e. the combination of the two "paths" that can be followed in religion, the e ...

Tazkiah

Tazkiah is an Arabic-Islamic term alluding to tazkiyah al-nafs meaning "sanctification" or "purification of the self". This refers to the process of transforming the nafs from its deplorable state of self-centrality through various spiritual stag ...

Wajd

Spiritual ecstasy, induced by remembrance of God while hearing recitation of the Quran, Ahadith, or spiritual poetry, is called Wajd or "Wajad" by Sufis: it is especially cultivated among the Naqshbandi and Chishti spiritual orders. This bliss is ...

Yaqeen

Yaqeen is generally translated as "certainty", and is considered the summit of the many stations by which the path of walaya is fully completed. This is the repository of liberating experience in Islam. In relation to the exoteric religious life, ...

Zikar-e-Qalbi

Zikar-e-Qalbi which is also known as Zikar-e-khafi or silent zikr, is being practiced by Naqshbandi Sufi followers. This way of zikar, Dhikr ذکر, focuses on remembering Allah in ones heart. One has to feel that his heart is saying Allah, Allah, A ...

Avasarpinī

Avasarpinī is the descending half of the cosmic time cycle in Jainism and the one in which the world is said to be at present. According to Jain texts the Avasarpinī is marked by a decline in goodness and religion. The ascending half of the cycle ...