ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 559

Other (philosophy)

In phenomenology, the terms the Other and the Constitutive Other identify the other human being, in his and her differences from the Self, as being a cumulative, constituting factor in the self-image of a person; as acknowledgement of being real; ...

Passive intellect

The passive intellect, is a term used in philosophy alongside the notion of the active intellect in order to give an account of the operation of the intellect, in accordance with the theory of hylomorphism, as most famously put forward by Aristotle.

Phaneron

The phaneron is the subject matter of phenomenology, or of what Charles Sanders Peirce later called phaneroscopy. The term, which was introduced in 1905, is similar to the concept of the "phenomenon" in the way it meant "whatever is present at an ...

Phenomenal concept strategy

The phenomenal concept strategy is an approach within philosophy of mind to provide a physicalist response to anti-physicalist arguments like the explanatory gap and philosophical zombies. The name was coined by Daniel Stoljar. As David Chalmers ...

Philosophy of artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence has close connections with philosophy because both share several concepts and these include intelligence, action, consciousness, epistemology, and even free will. Furthermore, the technology is concerned with the creation ...

Pluralism (philosophy)

Pluralism is a term used in philosophy, meaning "doctrine of multiplicity", often used in opposition to monism and dualism. The term has different meanings in metaphysics, ontology, epistemology and logic. In metaphysics, pluralism is the doctrin ...

Practical reason

In philosophy, practical reason is the use of reason to decide how to act. It contrasts with theoretical reason, often called speculative reason, the use of reason to decide what to follow. For example, agents use practical reason to decide wheth ...

Presence (telepresence)

Presence is a theoretical concept describing the extent to which media represent the world. Presence is further described by Matthew Lombard and Theresa Ditton as" an illusion that a mediated experience is not mediated." Today, it often considers ...

Philosophy of psychology

Some of the issues studied by the philosophy of psychology are epistemological concerns about the methodology of psychological investigation. For example: What is the most appropriate methodology for psychology: mentalism, behaviorism, or a compr ...

Psychic apparatus

The term psychic apparatus denotes a central, theoretic construct of Freudian metapsychology, wherein an implicit intake and processing of information takes place, and thereby acts on said information in pursuit of pleasure by way of resolving te ...

Rationalism

In philosophy, rationalism is the epistemological view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge" or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification". More formally, rationalism is defined as a methodo ...

Sakshi (Witness)

Sakshi or Sāksī or Shakshi means – observer, eyewitness or the Supreme Being the one that lends its shine - Chitchhaya"- to the "ego" part of the subtle body - which consists of the everchanging Mind, the decision making Intellect, the Memory & t ...

Susan Schneider

Susan Schneider is the NASA-Baruch Blumberg Chair at the Library of Congress and NASA, the director of the AI,Mind and Society Group at the University of Connecticut, and a visiting member of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. She is ...

Sentience

Sentience is the capacity to feel, perceive, or experience subjectively. Eighteenth-century philosophers used the concept to distinguish the ability to think from the ability to feel. In modern Western philosophy, sentience is the ability to expe ...

Si (concept)

Si 思 is a concept in Chinese philosophy that is usually translated as "reflection" or "concentration." It refers to a species of attentive, non-rational thought that is directed at a specific subject.

Simulated reality

Simulated reality is the hypothesis that reality could be simulated - for example by quantum computer simulation - to a degree indistinguishable from "true" reality. It could contain conscious minds that may or may not know that they live inside ...

Specious present

The specious present is the time duration wherein ones perceptions are considered to be in the present. Time perception studies the sense of time, which differs from other senses since time cannot be directly perceived but must be reconstructed b ...

Sublime (philosophy)

In aesthetics, the sublime is the quality of greatness, whether physical, moral, intellectual, metaphysical, aesthetic, spiritual, or artistic. The term especially refers to a greatness beyond all possibility of calculation, measurement, or imita ...

Theatre of the Absurd

The Theatre of the Absurd də lapsyʁd") is a post–World War II designation for particular plays of absurdist fiction written by a number of primarily European playwrights in the late 1950s, as well as one for the style of theatre which has evolved ...

Toward a Science of Consciousness

The Science of Consciousness is an international academic conference that has been held biannually since 1994. It is organized by the Center for Consciousness Studies of the University of Arizona. Alternate conferences are held in Arizona, and th ...

Triangle of reference

The triangle of reference is a model of how linguistic symbols are related to the objects they represent. The triangle was published in The Meaning of Meaning by Ogden and Richards. While often referred to as the "Ogden/Richards triangle" the ide ...

Turing's Wager

Turings Wager is a philosophical argument that claims it is impossible to infer or deduce a detailed mathematical model of the human brain within a reasonable timescale, and thus impossible in any practical sense. The argument was first given in ...

Verisimilitude

Verisimilitude is the philosophical notion that some propositions are more true or less true than other propositions. The problem of verisimilitude is the problem of articulating what it takes for one false theory to be closer to the truth than a ...

Wickedness

Wickedness is generally considered a synonym for evil or sinfulness. Among theologians and philosophers, it has the more specific meaning of evil committed consciously and of free will. It can also be considered the quality or state of being wick ...

Quantum mind

The quantum mind or quantum consciousness is a group of hypotheses which proposes that classical mechanics cannot explain consciousness. It posits that quantum mechanical phenomena, such as quantum entanglement and superposition, may play an impo ...

David Bohm

David Joseph Bohm was an American scientist who has been described as one of the most significant theoretical physicists of the 20th century and who contributed unorthodox ideas to quantum theory, neuropsychology and the philosophy of mind. Bohm ...

David Chalmers

David John Chalmers is an Australian philosopher and cognitive scientist specialising in the areas of philosophy of mind and philosophy of language. He is Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Centre for Consciousness at the Australian Nati ...

The Emperor's New Mind

The Emperors New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds and The Laws of Physics is a 1989 book by the mathematical physicist Sir Roger Penrose. Penrose argues that human consciousness is non-algorithmic, and thus is not capable of being modeled by a c ...

Epistemological Letters

Epistemological Letters was a hand-typed, mimeographed "underground" newsletter about quantum physics that was distributed to a private mailing list, described by the physicist John Clauser as a "quantum subculture", between 1973 and 1984. Distri ...

Stuart Hameroff

Stuart Hameroff is an anesthesiologist and professor at the University of Arizona known for his studies of consciousness and his controversial contention that consciousness originates from quantum states in neural microtubules. He is the lead org ...

Holonomic brain theory

Holonomic brain theory is a branch of neuroscience investigating the idea that human consciousness is formed by quantum effects in or between brain cells. This is opposed by traditional neuroscience, which investigates the brains behavior by look ...

Ervin Laszlo

Ervin Laszlo is a Hungarian philosopher of science, systems theorist, integral theorist, originally a classical pianist. He is an advocate of the theory of quantum consciousness.

Florian Neukart

Florian Neukart is an Austrian computer scientist, mathematician, and scientific author. He is known for his work in the fields of quantum computing and artificial intelligence, particularly on how to reverse-engineer the mind by gradually replac ...

Roger Penrose

Sir Roger Penrose is an English mathematical physicist, mathematician and philosopher of science. He is Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics in the University of Oxford, an emeritus fellow of Wadham College, Oxford and an honorary fellow ...

Karl H. Pribram

Karl H. Pribram was a professor at Georgetown University, in the United States, an emeritus professor of psychology and psychiatry at Stanford University and distinguished professor at Radford University. Board-certified as a neurosurgeon, Pribra ...

Paavo Pylkkanen

Paavo Pylkkanen is a Finnish philosopher of mind. He is an Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Skovde and a university lecturer in theoretical philosophy at the University of Helsinki. He is known for his work on mind-body stud ...

Quantum brain dynamics

In neuroscience, quantum brain dynamics is a hypothesis to explain the function of the brain within the framework of quantum field theory. As described by Harald Atmanspacher, since quantum theory is the most fundamental theory of matter that is ...

Quantum Psychology

Quantum Psychology: How Brain Software Programs You & Your World is a book written by Robert Anton Wilson, originally published in 1990. It deals with the subject of quantum psychology, an area Wilson often wrote about. Some consider Quantum Psyc ...

The Road to Reality

The Road to Reality: A Complete Guide to the Laws of the Universe is a book on modern physics by the British mathematical physicist Roger Penrose, published in 2004. It covers the basics of the Standard Model of particle physics, discussing gener ...

Prem Saran Satsangi

Prem Saran Satsangi is the eighth and current Sant Satguru of Radhasoami Faith, Dayalbagh. He holds the Emeritus Chair from the East of the Integrated East-West Forum at The Science of Consciousness Conferences since 2012. He is the chairman of A ...

Shadows of the Mind

Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness is a 1994 book by mathematical physicist Roger Penrose that serves as a followup to his 1989 book The Emperors New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds and The Laws of Physics. P ...

Henry Stapp

Henry Pierce Stapp is an American mathematical physicist, known for his work in quantum mechanics, particularly the development of axiomatic S-matrix theory, the proofs of strong nonlocality properties, and the place of free will in the "orthodox ...

Evan Harris Walker

Walker was born in Birmingham, Alabama. He received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Maryland in 1964. He received over a dozen patents and published more than a hundred papers in scientific journals. Walker said he had undergone a Zen ...

Payung mesikhat

Payung mesikhat is a traditional umbrella among the Alas people in the province of Aceh. Used for various ceremonies. Made from black waterproof fabric with embroidery that reflects the purpose of the umbrella. For example, a wedding umbrella can ...

Artwork of Isaac Mendez

Isaac Mendez is a fictional character from the American television show Heroes with the ability to paint future events during precognitive trances. Isaacs artwork, which appears on the show and its graphic novels, are shown to be accurate predict ...

Big Dumb Object

In discussion of science fiction, a Big Dumb Object is any mysterious object, usually of extraterrestrial or unknown origin and immense power, in a story which generates an intense sense of wonder by its mere existence. To a certain extent, the t ...

Brazen head

A brazen head, brass, or bronze head was a legendary automaton in the early modern period whose ownership was ascribed to late medieval scholars such as Roger Bacon who had developed a reputation as wizards. Made of brass or bronze, the male head ...

Brilyante

The Brilyantes are fictional gemstones in the Filipino fantasy television series Encantadia as well as its 2016 requel. They are the elemental gems that holds the balance in Encantadia. Each gem manifests the classical elements: aether, fire, air ...

Creations of Daji

The Bronze Toaster, intended as a torture and execution device, was first suggested by Daji. It is a bronze cylindrical device that is over twenty-feet tall and eight-feet wide. It has two wheels on each side so it can be moved around. There are ...

CRM 114 (fictional device)

The C.R.M. 114 Discriminator is a fictional piece of critical radio equipment in Stanley Kubricks film Dr. Strangelove, the destruction of which prevents the crew of a B-52 from hearing the recall code that would stop them from dropping their hyd ...

Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →