ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 541

Legal syllogism

Legal syllogism is a legal concept concerning the law and its application, specifically a form of argument based on deductive reasoning and seeking to establish whether a specified act is lawful. A syllogism is a form of logical reasoning that hi ...

Obiter dictum

Obiter dictum is the Latin phrase meaning "by the way", that is, a remark in a judgment that is "said in passing". It is a concept derived from English common law, whereby a judgment comprises only two elements: ratio decidendi and obiter dicta. ...

Plain meaning rule

The plain meaning rule, also known as the literal rule, is one of three rules of statutory construction traditionally applied by English courts. The other two are the "mischief rule" and the "golden rule". The plain meaning rule dictates that sta ...

Regulæ Juris

Regulæ Iuris, also spelled Regulae - and - Juris is a generic term for general rules or principles of the interpretation of canon laws of the Catholic Church. While they no longer have binding force of law since the 1917 Code of Canon Law abrogat ...

Statutory construction

Statutory interpretation is the process by which courts interpret and apply legislation. Some amount of interpretation is often necessary when a case involves a statute. Sometimes the words of a statute have a plain and a straightforward meaning. ...

European Judicial Network

The European Judicial Network is a network of contact points within the EU designed to facilitate judicial cooperation across borders. With a focus on serious crime, it helps form and maintain contacts between agencies in member states. The Netwo ...

Hague Evidence Convention

The Convention on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters - more commonly referred to as the Hague Evidence Convention - is a multilateral treaty which was drafted under the auspices of the Hague Conference on Private Interna ...

Hague Service Convention

The Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters, more commonly called the Hague Service Convention, is a multilateral treaty which was adopted in The Hague, The Netherlands, on 15 Novemb ...

Letters rogatory

Letters rogatory or letters of request are a formal request from a court to a foreign court for some type of judicial assistance. The most common remedies sought by letters rogatory are service of process and taking of evidence.

Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters

Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters was the third of the three pillars of the European Union. It was named Justice and Home Affairs before 1999. The pillar existed between 1993 and 2009, when it was absorbed into a consolidated E ...

Administration of justice

The administration of justice is the process by which the legal system of a government is executed. The presumed goal of such administration is to provide justice for all those accessing the legal system. The phrase is also used commonly to descr ...

Judicial system in the United Arab Emirates

The legal system of the United Arab Emirates is based on the Constitution of the United Arab Emirates; this system is dual in nature as it has local and federal courts with a Supreme Court Based at Abu Dhabi. Unlike Britain and other countries wh ...

Law in Africa

The law in Africa is a diverse mix of common law, customary law, civil law and religious law systems. Africa is the second largest continent and has 56 countries contained in it.

Law in Europe

The law of Europe is diverse and changing fast today. Europe saw the birth of both the Roman Empire and the British Empire, which form the basis of the two dominant forms of legal system of private law, civil and common law.

Law in Oceania

Law in Oceania refers to the different legal systems within the geographical area of Oceania. Countries such as Australia and New Zealand follow in the Commonwealth tradition of common law, and until recently were subject to the United Kingdom Ho ...

Law of Azerbaijan

The legal system of Azerbaijan is based on civil law. As the country was a republic of the Soviet Union until 1991, its legal history has also been influenced heavily by socialist law. However, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Azerbaijan b ...

Law in North America

The law of North America is diverse and influential. The law of the United States has worldwide renown, in its codified constitution, and bill of rights, while the law of Cuba differs vastly in its regulation of private property. The first court ...

Law in South America

The law of South America is one of the most unified in the world. All countries can be said to follow civil law systems, although recent developments in the law of Brazil suggest a move towards the stare decisis doctrine.

Law of the Czech Republic

Czech law, often referred to as the legal order of the Czech Republic, is the system of legal rules in force in the Czech Republic, and in the international community it is a member of. Czech legal system belongs to the Germanic branch of contine ...

Legal systems in Asia

Law in Asia is undergoing rapid change and modernisation, especially given the economic growth in China and India. Asian countries share a substantial heritage with European law, whilst keeping their own distinct identity.

Old Russian Law

Old Russian Law or Russian Law is a legal system in Rus, in later Old Rus states, in Grand Duchy of Lithuania and in Moscow Rus. Main source was Old Slavic customary law: Zakon Russkiy. Another sources were Old Scandinavian customary law and Byza ...

Political naturalism

Political naturalism is a minor political ideology and legal system which believes that there is a natural law, just and obvious to all, that crosses ideologies, faiths and personal thinking, that naturally guaranties justice. It is inspired by s ...

Post-democracy

The term post-democracy was used by Warwick University political scientist Colin Crouch in 2000 in his book Coping with Post-Democracy. It designates states that operate by democratic systems, but whose application is progressively limited. A sma ...

Qanun (law)

Qanun is an Arabic word. It can refer to laws established by Muslim sovereigns, in particular the body of administrative, economic and criminal law promulgated by Ottoman sultans, in contrast to sharia, the body of law elaborated by Muslim jurist ...

Roman-Dutch law

Roman-Dutch law is an uncodified, scholarship-driven, and judge-made legal system based on Roman law as applied in the Netherlands in the 17th and 18th centuries. As such, it is a variety of the European continental civil law or ius commune. Whil ...

Shram suvidha

{{Multiple issues| Shram Suvidha is a Web Portal to provide a single platform for all labour compliances. India has more than 40 labour laws regulated by the Ministry of Labour and Employment, the Government of India and State Government. Complia ...

Shyster (expert system)

SHYSTER is a legal expert system developed at the Australian National University in Canberra in 1993. It was written as the doctoral dissertation of James Popple under the supervision of Robin Stanton, Roger Clarke, Peter Drahos, and Malcolm Newe ...

Socialist law

Socialist law or Soviet law denotes a general type of legal system which has been used in socialist and formerly socialist states. It is based on the civil law system, with major modifications and additions from Marxist-Leninist ideology. There i ...

Talmudic law

Talmudic law is the law that is derived from the Talmud based on the teachings of the Talmudic Sages. Or see IAT Law, an Institute which contrasts the American & Talmudic law perspective to show their differences and similarities. See Talmud or T ...

The Academy of Experts

The Academy of Experts is a UK legal institute for expert witnesses. It was founded in 1987 with the objective of providing a professional body for experts to establish and promote high objective standards. Although there is representation on the ...

Tribal sovereignty in the United States

Tribal sovereignty in the United States is the concept of the inherent authority of indigenous tribes to govern themselves within the borders of the United States. The U.S. federal government recognizes tribal nations as "domestic dependent natio ...

United Arab Emirates Legal Process

The United Arab Emirates is a middle-eastern country, located at the end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, consisting of seven emirates known as Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Quwain, Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah. Each emirat ...

Corrective work order

Corrective Work Order, commonly known as CWO, is one of the two penalties in Singapore to be meted out to litterbugs.

French ban on face covering

France became the first European country to impose a ban on full-face veils in public areas. Public debate exacerbated concerns over immigration, nationalism, secularism, security, and sexuality. Arguments supporting this proposal include that fa ...

Preventing Persons from Concealing Their Identity during Riots and Unlawful Assemblies Act

The Preventing Persons from Concealing Their Identity during Riots and Unlawful Assemblies Act is a private members bill, criminalising the actions of protesters who cover their faces during tumultuous demonstrations and introducing a five-year p ...

Memory laws

A memory law is a legal provision governing the interpretation of a historical event and showcases the legislators or judicial preference for a certain narrative about the past. In the process, competing interpretations may be downplayed, sidelin ...

Act on the Institute of National Remembrance

The Act on the Institute of National Remembrance – Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation is a 1998 Polish law that created the Institute of National Remembrance. This memory law was amended twice, in 2007 and 2018. Th ...

Law Against Rehabilitation of Nazism

Law Against Rehabilitation of Nazism is a Russian memory law of 2014. It also known as Yarovaya Law, after a Russian politician who was instrumental in passing it. The law was originally proposed in 2009. It was approved by the Russian parliament ...

Bar association

A bar association is a professional association of lawyers. Some bar associations are responsible for the regulation of the legal profession in their jurisdiction; others are professional organizations dedicated to serving their members; in many ...

Bar council

A bar council or bar association, in a common law jurisdiction with a legal profession split between solicitors and barristers or advocates, is a professional body that regulates the profession of barristers. In such jurisdictions, solicitors are ...

Law firm

A law firm is a business entity formed by one or more lawyers to engage in the practice of law. The primary service rendered by a law firm is to advise clients about their legal rights and responsibilities, and to represent clients in civil or cr ...

Law firm network

A law firm network is a membership organisation consisting of independent law firms. These networks are one type of professional services networks similar to networks found in the accounting profession. The common purpose is to expand the resourc ...

Law society

A law society is an association of lawyers with a regulatory role that includes the right to supervise the training, qualifications, and conduct of lawyers. Where there is a distinction between barristers and solicitors, solicitors are regulated ...

List of bar associations in Africa

This List of bar associations in Africa includes bar associations in countries in Africa, many of which were members of the International Bar Association as of 2017. The East Africa Law Society includes many individual members plus six national B ...

Multidisciplinary professional services networks

Multidisciplinary professional services networks are organizations formed by law, accounting and other professional services firms to offer clients new multidisciplinary approaches solving increasingly complex issues. They are a type of professio ...

Professional services network

Professional services networks are networks of independent firms who come together to cost-effectively provide professional services to clients through an organized framework. They are principally found in law and accounting. They may also be fou ...

Alien (law)

In law, an alien is a person who is not a citizen or national of a given country, though definitions and terminology differ to some degree depending on the continent or region of the world. The term "alien" is synonymous to "foreign national".

Enemy alien

In customary international law, an enemy alien is any native, citizen, denizen or subject of any foreign nation or government with which a domestic nation or government is in conflict and who are liable to be apprehended, restrained, secured and ...

Nationality

Nationality is a legal relationship between an individual person and a state. Nationality affords the state jurisdiction over the person and affords the person the protection of the state. What these rights and duties are varies from state to sta ...

Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →